Croatian Museum Training – Importance, Development and Consequences
(One Third of a Century to Come from Postgraduate to the Wide Scale of Training Programmes in Museology)
Professor Dr I. Maroević, Faculty of Philosophy University of Zagreb, Croatia
Specialised museum training in Croatia started in 1966. at the University of Zagreb Postgraduate Study of Librarianship, Documentation and Information Sciences. The museology programme was lead by dr. Antun Bauer, director of the Museum Documentation Centre in Zagreb. The interest for study of museology was widespread over the whole state of Yugoslavia, because Croatia was then one of the six republics within the federal state. In about 20 years of implementation of the programme many museum people in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Macedonia, Monte Negro and Serbia, and some from abroad, obtained the MA in museology.
In 1984. Faculty of Philosophy University of Zagreb established the graduated programme of museology at the Department of Information Sciences. The Faculty established the postgraduate and doctors level of the museological study programme as well and two various possibilities of graduate programmes (normal 4 years graduate programme combined with another academic discipline at the Faculty, and additional 2 years programme as a supplement to any ordinary graduate programme at the University).
Importance of the programme was in interrelation with librarianship, archive, documentation and information programmes and in establishing museology as a formal academic discipline within the area of social sciences and the field of information sciences. Development has become evident in continuous improving of programmes and engaging of the adequate teaching personnel. Consequences are obvious in improving museology as an academic discipline and in developing the relations between museological theory and museum practice.