Content: Famous Missourians; Lewis and Clark Grade Level: 4

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Content: Famous Missourians; Lewis and Clark Grade Level: 4th grade

Non-White European

Pringle, L. (2006). American slave, American hero: York of the Lewis and Clark

expedition. Honesdale, PA: Boyds Mills Press.
Summary: Laurence Pringle explains the story of York, a slave owned by William Clark. Pringle tells the story of York’s life before, during, and after the expedition of Lewis and Clark and the attributes he put forth on the journey to make the expedition successful.


St. George, J. (1997). Sacagawea. New York, NY: Penguin Group (USA) Inc.

Summary: The author brings Sacagawea to life in this book. A Shoshone Indian on the expedition with Lewis and Clark with her husband and infant son. She becomes an interpreter and guide to the men. Journals of both Lewis and Clark were used in the making of the book to ensure accuracy of Sacagawea’s life.

Magazine Articles

Ronda, J. P. (2003, August). Why Lewis and Clark matter. Smithsonian, Retrieved from

Summary: The magazine article is written to see why the Lewis and Clark Expedition is so impactful in our history. The author explains who they were not the first to travel west, but they are recognized for the hardships they faced along the way. It is also pointed out the major diverse group of people traveling the route. Students are able to use critical thinking skills and determine what they feel is important about the journey.

Kirn, W. (2002, July 8). Lewis and Clark. Time, Retrieved from,9171,1002812-1,00.html

Summary: The article examines the fact of if the expedition would have been easy; it would not have had the same effect that it does today. Lewis and Clark experienced hardships on the journey, and that relates to people even today in the 21st century.

Newspaper Articles

Lewis and Clark expedition: America explores its new territory. (1805, July 24).

Democrat. Retrieved from

Summary: The article comes from the Democrat in Boston, Massachusetts in 1805. It is a letter written to President Thomas Jefferson from Meriwhether Lewis about the journey so far. The presidents placed the letter in the paper to enlighten the people of the expedition and the discoveries made at the time it was written.

Lewis & Clark: 200 years later. (2003, August 10). Post-gazette. Retrieved from

Summary: The article is broken up into multiple series comparing life now to what it was 200 years ago. The comparison gives insight to we are still struggling today we were over 200 years ago.

Nonfiction Books

Bakeless, J. (2002). The adventures of Lewis and Clark. Mineola, NY: Dover


Summary: The book discusses the real life accounts that occurred on the expedition of Lewis and Clark. Journals from both men are used as sources to bring the story alive of what the men encountered on their way to the Pacific.

Burrows, J. (2008). Lewis & Clark: Blazing the trail west. New York, NY: Sterling

Publishing Co. Inc.

Summary: The book describes in detail of the lives of both Lewis and Clark starting at birth. This book is a fantastic source for students to gather details not only about what happened during the expedition but before and after as well. The book tells of the past of both men and how they became friends as well as what happened to them after the conclusion of the expedition. The book also provides a detailed timeline of each event, a glossary in the back for words that students may struggle in reading, and pictures throughout to provide a visual reference to events.

Hamilton, J. (2003). The Corps of Discovery. Edina, MN: ABDO Publishing.

Summary: The book is one in a series recreating the expedition of Lewis and Clark. This book talks about the many misspellings in the journal entries of both Lewis and Clark.

Schanzer, R. (2012). How we crossed the west: The adventures of Lewis and Clark.

Washington D.C.: National Geographic Society.

Summary: The book recounts the adventures of Lewis and Clark from the letter sent to William Clark from Lewis explaining President Jefferson’s vision of expanding westward to their return in 1806. Journals are used a primary source to ensure the material is accurate and correct.


Smith, R. (2000). The captain's dog: My journey with the Lewis and Clark tribe. Boston,

MA: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Summary: A fictional tale of Seaman, a Newfoundland dog and companion to Meriwhether Lewis, who tells the story of the expedition from his point of view.

Lasky, K. (2000). Journal of Augustus Pelletier: The Lewis and Clark expedition, 1804.

New York, NY: Scholastic.

Summary: A fictional story of a fourteen year old boy, Augustus Pelletier, who is the youngest member of the expedition. He keeps a journal of his travels with Lewis and Clark.

Wheeler, R. (2012). Eclipse: A novel of Lewis and Clark. New York, NY: Tom Doherty

Associates, LLC.

Summary: The novel is written for older students, but I felt some students in my class may need a challenge if they are reading above a fourth grade level. The novel unfolds the two explorers as their friendship is tested through the journey. The books explains what happens to both men at the end of the journey.


McGrath, C. (2011). Shannon: A poem of the Lewis and Clark expedition. New York,

NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

Summary: The poem is composed through a full length book told by George Shannon, the youngest member of the journey. George shares his experience with Lewis and Clark through a poem.

Graphic Novel

Bertozzi, N. (2011). Lewis & Clark. New York, NY: First Second. Retrieved from

Summary: Nick Bertozzi brings the true events of the 1804 journey of both men in a graphic novel. Bertozzi is the author and illustrator who designed the pages of pictures and captions to explain what is occurring with each member. A new spin on the classic lecture would be very interactive to students who read comics daily and can understand the format in which it is told. The link above allows the reader to view six pages of the graphic novel online before buying the graphic novel.

Children’s Picture Books

Kroll, S. (1993). Lewis and Clark: Explorers of the American west. New York, NY:

Holiday House, Inc.

Summary: A colorful picture book that is interactive to the journey of Lewis and Clark. The pages allow students to feel like they are in the expedition and will inspire students to find out more about the men who traveled across the Louisiana Purchase. The book is written in fictional style, but facts are in its pages to keep the story truthful for young readers

Perritano, J. (2010). Lewis and Clark expedition. New York, NY: Scholastic.

Summary: The book is written as a Question and Answer factual book for young readers who may questions about the expedition. The book includes colorful pictures of maps and animals and a timeline of the expedition.


Willard, P. (n.d.). Lewis & Clark. Retrieved from

Summary: National Geographic allows the reader to divide into the history of Lewis and Clark. The site is a reliable primary source that will have quality material for students to look over and gain knowledge. Some of the material includes a detailed timeline and supply list the men would have taken with them on the journey. Students could recreate their lists of what they like would be needed for a trip of that magnitude and then compare the lists.

Neiman, D. (n.d.). Lewis & Clark: The journey of the corps of discovery. Retrieved from

Summary: The website provides teachers with lesson plans and activities to use within their classroom. A link allows students to become part of the journey through an interactive trail map. PBS is a primary source that can be used that has factual accounts of the journey. The link provides videos and additional material to help students understand the magnitude and significance of the expedition.

Moulton, G. (2009). Discovering Lewis & Clark. Retrieved from

Summary: The website is a collection of material through various authors. Factual material with detailed accounts of the journey allows students to explore and read material for him/her. A benefit to this type of website could be in creating a webquest for students to follow and answer questions by navigating through the website.

Missouri kids! Office of the Secretary of State. (2006). Retrieved from

Summary: A fun and interactive website for students to interactive with the various games and activities presented on the website. The website is a great resource to return to when covering anything to do with Missouri history. The Lewis and Clark crossword puzzle would be great to use as a review.

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