6.1 U.S. History: America in the World.All students will acquire the knowledge and skills to think analytically about how past and present interactions of people, cultures, and the environment shape the American heritage. Such knowledge and skills enable students to make informed decisions that reflect fundamental rights and core democratic values as productive citizens in local, national, and global communities.
Postwar United States (1945 to early 1970s)
By the end of grade 12
Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
13. Postwar United States: Civil Rights and Social Change The Civil Rights movement marked a period of social turmoil and political reform, resulting in the expansion of rights and opportunities for individuals and groups previously discriminated against.
A. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
Analyze the effectiveness of the New Jersey Constitution of 1947, New Jersey Supreme Court decisions (i.e., Hedgepeth and Williams v. Trenton Board of Education), and New Jersey’s Law Against Discrimination (i.e., P.L. 1945, c.169) in eliminating segregation and discrimination.
Analyze the effectiveness of national legislation, policies, and Supreme Court decisions (i.e., the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act, the Equal Rights Amendment, Title VII, Title IX, Affirmative Action, Brown v. Board of Education, and Roe v. Wade) in promoting civil liberties and equal opportunities.
Determine the extent to which changes in national policy after 1965 impacted immigration to New Jersey and the United States.
B. Geography, People, and the Environment
Determine the factors that led to migration from American cities to suburbs in the 1950s and 1960s, and describe how this movement impacted cities.
Evaluate the effectiveness of environmental movements and their influence on public attitudes and environmental protection laws.
C. Economics, Innovation, and Technology
Explain how individuals and organizations used economic measures (e.g., the Montgomery Bus Boycott, sit downs, etc.) as weapons in the struggle for civil and human rights.
Evaluate the effectiveness of economic policies that sought to combat post-World War II inflation.
Determine the effectiveness of social legislation that was enacted to end poverty in the 1960s and today.
Relate American economic expansion after World War II to increased consumer demand.
D. History, Culture, and Perspectives
Determine the impetus for the Civil Rights Movement, and explain why national governmental actions were needed to ensure civil rights for African Americans.
Compare and contrast the leadership and ideology of Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X during the Civil Rights Movement, and evaluate their legacies.
Analyze the successes and failures of women’s rights organizations, the American Indian Movement, and La Raza in their pursuit of civil rights and equal opportunities.
Determine the extent to which suburban living and television supported conformity and stereotyping during this time period, while new music, art, and literature acted as catalysts for the counterculture movement.
Explain why the Peace Corps was created and how its role has evolved over time.
Relate the changing role of women in the labor force to changes in family structure.
Students understand the culture of the 1960’s that led to the Civil Rights movement.
Understand key issues and concepts relating to the Civil Rights movement.
Students will understand the Constitutional rights guaranteed for US citizens and look at the treatment of non-whites during time-period.
Students will know the key events that led up to the Civil Rights marches and protests.
Segregation, desegregation, de facto segregation, de jure segregation, restrictive covenant, racial zoning, miscegenation, disenfranchise, white primary, Gerrymandering, working poor, poverty line, color line, Executive Order 9981, CORE, NAACP, Brown V. Board of Education, class-action lawsuit, Warren Court, all deliberate speed Review and discuss the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments.
The Civil Rights Act passed in 1875
The Civil Rights Act overturned in 1883
Plessy v. Fergussen 1896
Jim Crow laws
The Constitution – 13,th,14th, and 15th amendments
Civil Rights act of 1875
Supreme Court decision overturning Civil Rights act of 1875
Identify and describe the Civil Right’s amendments, and the Supreme Court ruling overturning the Civil Rights Act of 1875.
Discuss the rights African Americans had in the years following the Civil War.
Identify and describe the “Plessy v. Fergussen” decision and the Jim Crow laws.
What were the Civil Rights Amendments, and what rights did they give to “blacks” of the time period?
How did Plessy v. Fergussen usher in the “Jim Crow” era in the United States.
Collins - Type 1 – Write down 5 things you know about the treatment of minorities prior to the Civil Rights movement in the 1960’s
How did segregation affect American life in the post war period?
13 Stat. 567;
13 Stat. 774–775
Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. Approved by the 38th Congress (1863–1865) as S.J. Res. 16; ratified by the states on December 6, 1865.
14 Stat. 358–359
Declared that all persons born or naturalized in the U.S. were citizens and that any state that denied or abridged the voting rights of males over the age of 21 would be subject to proportional reductions in its representation in the U.S. House of Representatives. Approved by the 39th Congress (1865–1867) as H.J. Res. 127; ratified by the states on July 9, 1868.
16 Stat. 346;
16 Stat. 40–41
Forbade any state to deprive a citizen of his vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Approved by the 40th Congress (1867–1869) as S.J. Res. 8; ratified by the states on February 3, 1870.
Civil Rights Act of 1875
18 Stat 335–337
Barred discrimination in public accommodations and on public conveyances on land and water. Prohibited exclusion of African Americans from jury duty. Passed by the 43rd Congress (1873–1875) as H.R. 796.
Internet treasure hunt
Web page #1: Jim Crow Laws, from the National Park Service’s Martin Luther