Constitutional compromises



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CONSTITUTIONAL COMPROMISES

Regents Question 2000 – 2013


CONSTITUTIONAL COMPROMISES
“New Congress to Have Two Houses”

“Slaves to Count as Three Fifths of a Person”

“President to be Chosen by Electoral Vote”
Which conclusion about the Constitutional Convention is best supported by these headlines?


  1. The framers of the Constitution were able to compromise on important issues

  2. States that were small in area would lose power in the new Constitution

  3. States with large populations controlled the outcome of the convention

  4. The president and Congress would have equal power under the new constitution

During the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the Great Compromise resolved a conflict over



  1. Presidential power

  2. The issue of nullification

  3. Representation in Congress

  4. Taxes on imports

The Great Compromise reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 settled a dispute over how



  1. State boundaries would be determined

  2. The states would be represented in Congress

  3. Power would be divided between the state and the national government

  4. A leader would be selected for the executive branch

Delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 agreed to the Three-Fifths Compromise as a solution to the problem of how to determine the



  1. Number of representatives in the House from each state

  2. Qualifications of Supreme court justices

  3. Tariff rates on exports

  4. Length of the president’s term

The Great Compromise at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 contained a provision for



  1. The direct election of Senators

  2. Judicial review

  3. Regulation of commerce

  4. A bicameral legislature

“. . . an equality [of votes in the Senate] will enable the minority to control . . . the majority.”



  • James Wilson Pennsylvania delegate Constitutional Convention of 1787

Which conclusion can be drawn from this statement?

  1. Delegates from the smaller states should have opposed the ratification of the Constitution

  2. Some delegates believed that equal representation in the Senate would give smaller states too much influence

  3. Some delegates believed the term of office for Senators would be too long

  4. Delegates from the smaller states favored a legislature in which representation was based on population

The Great Compromise enabled delegates at the Constitutional Convention (1787) to



  1. Establish the principle of popular sovereignty in the territories

  2. Give Congress the exclusive right to declare war if the nation is attacked

  3. Protest the interests of states with small populations and states with large populations

  4. Provide the indirect election of the president through the electoral college.

The Great Compromise at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was important because it



  1. Established suffrage for all males over the age of twenty-one

  2. Ended the controversy over slavery

  3. Created a single-house national legislature

  4. Balanced the interests of states with large and small populations




  • A bicameral legislature is crated in which states have equal representation in the Senate, but representation in the House depends on population

  • An enslaved person is counted as three-fifths of one person for purposes of both representation and taxation

These two statements describe



  1. Grievances included in the Declaration of Independence

  2. Provisions found in the Articles of Confederation

  3. Compromises reached at the Constitutional Convention

  4. Amendments included in the Bill of Rights

Delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 adopted the Great Compromise to settle differences over



  1. Slavery

  2. Representation in Congress

  3. Interstate trade

  4. Taxation

By establishing a two-house legislature, the framers of the United States Constitution agreed to a compromise on the issue of



  1. Control of interstate commerce

  2. Civilian control of the military

  3. Limits on the power of the President

  4. Representation in Congress

The Three-fifths Compromise was included in the Constitution to resolve a conflict over the



  1. Counting of enslaved persons in relation to taxation and representation

  2. Reimbursement of plantation owners for runaway slaves

  3. Number of votes needed to approve a treaty in the Senate

  4. Number of states needed to ratify a proposed amendment

The Great Compromise reached at the Constitutional Convention resulted in the



  1. Formation of the Supreme Court

  2. Creation of a bicameral legislature

  3. Development of a two-party system

  4. Ban on the importation of enslaved Africans

Delegates at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 agreed to the Three-fifths Compromise to solve a dispute directly related to



  1. Power of the presidency

  2. Representation in Congress

  3. A decision by the Supreme Court

  4. The addition of a bill of rights

Disagreement at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 over the Virginia and New Jersey plans was resolved by a compromise that



  1. Guaranteed continuation of the slave trade for at least twenty more years

  2. Limited the power of the federal government to wage war

  3. Provided for construction of a new national capital in the south

  4. Created a Congress made up of a Senate and a House of Representatives

What statement most accurately explains why the institution of slavery was continued under the original Constitution of the United States?



  1. The early factory system relied on the labor of slaves

  2. The majority of American families owned several slaves

  3. Slave rebellions made most whites oppose freedom for African Americans

  4. Southern states would not agree to a Constitution that banned slavery

During the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the major disagreement between the large and small states occurred over the issue of



  1. Continuation of slavery

  2. Guaranteeing States rights

  3. Representation in Congress

  4. Control of interstate commerce

The conflict over representation in Congress was addressed at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 by

  1. Creating a two-house legislature

  2. Limiting the terms of lawmakers to four years

  3. Giving Congress implied powers

  4. Ending the importation of enslaved persons

At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, which problem was solved by the Great Compromise?



  1. Developing the method of electing a president

  2. Designating control of interstate commerce

  3. Outlining the structure of the federal court system

  4. Establishing the formula for representation in Congress

A significant compromise reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was the agreement to



  1. Exclude slaves form census counts

  2. Forbid tariffs on imports

  3. Establish a bicameral legislature

  4. Limit the number of terms a president could serve

At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the Great Compromise resolved the issue of



  1. Representation

  2. Taxation

  3. Slavery

  4. Control of trade

Delegates at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 agreed to create a bicameral legislature as a way to



  1. Insure speedy passage of legislation

  2. Assure the right to vote to all adult males

  3. Address the issue of population differences among the states

  4. Satisfy the different interests of the rich and poor citizens

Speaker A: We favor the Virginia Plan, in which representation is based on population. States with more people should have more representation

Speaker B: Slaves should be counted because they are an important part of our state populations, and Congress should not be able to stop us from importing slaves to work on our plantations

Speaker C: We delegates from the small states insist upon a legislature in which each state receives equal representation

Speaker D: Congress should tax imports so that foreign goods will not be cheaper than our manufactured goods
Which document addressed the concerns of all of these speakers?


  1. Declaration of Independence

  2. Articles of Confederation

  3. United States Constitution

  4. Missouri Compromise

The conflict between the statements of Speakers A and C was resolved by



  1. Creating a two-house legislature

  2. Delegating most governing power to the states

  3. Maintaining a balance in Congress between the slave states and the free states

  4. Passing a group of constitutional amendments to protect individual rights

Which heading best completes the partial outline below?



  1. ________________________________________

    1. Representation

    2. Slave trade

    3. Taxation

    4. Election of the President

  1. Causes of the Revolutionary War

  2. Provisions of the Treaty of Paris, 1783

  3. Protections under the 10th Amendment

  4. Compromises at the Constitutional Convention



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