Conquest of Mexico Chronology
of Mexico -- Chronology
(by Jacobo Sefami from his Core Lecture)
Previous Spanish expeditions: 1517, by Francisco Hernández de Córdoba; 1518, by Juan de Grijalva.
Feb 1519. Arrival of Hernán Cortés in the Yucatan Peninsula.
April 1519. Malinche is among 20 slaves given as a present to Cortés.
July 1519. Cortés
destroys his ships
, in order to march to Tenochtitlan.
Sept. 1519. Battles with the Tlaxcaltecs. They become Spanish allies.
Oct. 1519. Massacre in Cholula.
November 8, 1519. Arrival at Tenochtitlan.
November 14 (?), 1519. Moctezuma becomes prisoner of Cortés.
May 1520. Cortés leaves Tenochtitlan in order to confront Pánfilo de Narváez. Massacre in the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan.
, the Aztecs force the Spaniards to their quarters.
June 24, 1520. Cortés
returns to Tenochtitlan
, after defeating Narváez.
June 27 or 28, 1520. Death of Moctezuma. Cuitlahuac becomes the new ruler of the Aztecs.
June 30, 1520.
, the Spaniards escape from Tenochtitlan.
July 14, 1520. Battle of Otumba.
November 25, 1520. Cuitlahuac dies of smallpox. Cuauhtemoc becomes the new ruler of the Aztecs.
Jul 1520-Apr 1521. Spanish reinforcements arrive.
Feb.-March, 1521. Construction of brigantines.
Other Indian towns help the Spaniards.
May 30, 1521. Beginning of the siege of Tenochtitlan.
August 13, 1521.
Capture of Cuauhtemoc
, and surrender of the Aztecs.
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