Conceptualizing transnational democratic networks: a case study of world wide views on biodiversity



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CONCEPTUALIZING TRANSNATIONAL DEMOCRATIC NETWORKS: A CASE STUDY OF WORLD WIDE VIEWS ON BIODIVERSITY

Desirée Fiske

Western Political Science Association

Political Science Department

Colorado State University

Abstract

Democratic theory has most recently found itself in a ‘deliberative turn.’  Extending beyond the capacity maintained by state institutions, the deliberative turn of democratic theory may be understood as necessary for conditions of democracy to move beyond the bounds of the nation-state to incorporate conditions of a globalizing world.  As global governance literature recognizes nuanced abilities to regulate through private and public interactions, the democratic voice of citizen input is in a shift.  Deliberative democratic theory has found its way into International Relations discussions, as it proposes methods for transnational democracy.  World Wide Views on Biodiversity is the second transnational citizen deliberation to be held on a global scale, allowing a window of opportunity to bridge the normative theories with empirical observation.  In support of the overall initiatives of the transnational network, this report simultaneously seeks to inform the project of its successes and limitations as a transnational network while placing it within International Relations theoretical discussions. Identifying three core concepts of transnational democracy present in International Relations literature - Cosmopolitan Nationalism, (Liberal) Global Cosmopolitan Democracy, and Discursive Democracy - the analysis of the network is placed in the greater context of transnational democratic theory. Through the analysis, all three theories of transnational democracy find relevancy in the empirical analysis of World Wide Views on Biodiversity. Transnational Discursive Democracy seems most equipped to explain and understand the network and will be used as results to provide implications for the network. In conclusion of the results, interest of expanding the network’s reach and accumulating greater discursive power are recommended for the network, and four implications for future World Wide Views events are suggested based on result analysis.





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