Comprehensive survey exam for us history ap review



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COMPREHENSIVE SURVEY EXAM FOR US HISTORY AP REVIEW

DIRECTIONS: For each question, decide which the best answer from among the choices is. On your answer sheet, blacken the appropriate letter matching the answer you selected to record. If you decide to change an answer, erase cleanly before you select a new response..




  1. Which event occurred in the United States during the Critical Period (1781-1789)?

  1. Whiskey Rebellion

  2. Shay’s Rebellion *

  3. Stono Rebellion

  4. Nat Turner’s Rebellion

  5. Pontiac’s Rebellion




  1. Grover Cleveland became the first President after 1868 to

  1. Secure a majority of both popular and electoral votes

  2. Have a party majority in both houses of Congress

  3. Take steps to end Reconstruction

  4. Have been born in the South

  5. Break Republican control of the White House *




  1. Which statement best describes the reaction of many American colonists toward British colonial policy following the French and Indian War?

  1. They refused to accept the idea of parliament’s right to manage their internal affairs *

  2. They petitioned the British Parliament for immediate independence

  3. They urged the colonial legislatures to enforce the taxation program of British Parliament

  4. They advocated higher taxes to cover the costs of the war

  5. They urged dismissal of William Pitt and Edmund Burke from Parliament




  1. One reason for the importance of the Northwest Ordinance (1787) was that it provided for

  1. The government of Texas

  2. The sale of western lands

  3. The free navigation of the Great Lakes

  4. The eventual admission of territories as equal states *

  5. The judicial system of the United States




  1. The opening of the Erie Canal across New York State in the 1820’s had an especially harmful effect on

  1. New England manufacturers

  2. New England farmers

  3. Western New York farmers *

  4. Mississippi cotton growers

  5. Northern Ohio farmers




  1. Some of the best arguments in support of the adoption of the United States Constitution are found in

  1. Common Sense

  2. The Articles of Confederation

  3. The New Freedom

  4. The Freeport Doctrine

  5. The Federalist Papers *




  1. The decade of the 1950’s was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:

  1. A decline in the divorce rate *

  2. An increase in expenditures for national defense

  3. An increase in expenditures for education

  4. A rising level of family income

  5. A migration from the cities to the suburbs




  1. Which of the following was result of the other four?

  1. Alien & Sedition Acts

  2. Disappearance of the Federalist Party

  3. Hartford Convention

  4. Increase in the democratic spirit in the United States *

  5. Election of the “War Hawks”




  1. John C. Calhoun supported all of the following EXCEPT the

  1. War of 1812

  2. Annexation of Texas

  3. Tariff of 1816

  4. Tariff of 1828

  5. Independent Treasury Act *




  1. The idea that the federal government was a compact or contract among the states was expressed in

  1. Lee’s Resolutions

  2. The theory of “Manifest Destiny”

  3. South Carolina’s Exposition & Protest *

  4. Webster’s reply to Hayne

  5. The Freeport Doctrine




  1. Federal Reconstruction policies between 1867 and 1876 followed, for the most part, the wishes of

  1. President Abraham Lincoln

  2. President Andrew Johnson

  3. Southern plantation owners

  4. Northern Democrats in Congress

  5. Northern Republicans in Congress *




  1. The “Conquered Provinces” theory, which states that the South had forfeited its rights by seceding from the Union and that Congress should treat it as a conquered territory, was announced by

  1. Thaddeus Stevens *

  2. Andrew Johnson

  3. Jefferson Davis

  4. George B. McClellan

  5. John Sherman




  1. Which one issue did Thomas Jefferson reverse his opinion as to strict construction

  1. The “midnight judges”

  2. The purchase of the Louisiana Territory *

  3. Moving the capital to Washington, D.C.

  4. The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

  5. The election of 1800




  1. Henry George’s Progress of Poverty is a treatise that advocates

  1. Christian charity

  2. Communism

  3. Populism

  4. Utopian socialism

  5. The single tax *




  1. Indentured servants came from ALL EXCEPT:

  1. Sailors and barristers *

  2. Rogues and vagabonds

  3. Prostitutes

  4. Beggars and drunkards

  5. Jugglers and criminals




  1. An architectural form that originated in America during the Gilded Age is

  1. Log cabin

  2. Town house

  3. Clapboard dwelling found in New England

  4. Plantation house found in the South

  5. Steel-framed skyscraper *




  1. In which pair is the first item an immediate cause of the second?

  1. Assassination of James Garfield-The Pendleton Act

  2. Election of John Quincy Adams-Twelfth Amendment

  3. Sinking of the Louisitana-US Entry Into World War I *

  4. Assassination of Alexander Hamilton-Eng of the Federalist Party

  5. Hitler’s attack on Poland-U.S. entry into World War II




  1. Which of the following was an immediate cause of the United States entry into the First World War?

  1. The Battle of the Marne

  2. German resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare *

  3. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

  4. The German invasion of Belgium

  5. President Wilson’s desire to be reelected




  1. The theory of “Manifest Destiny” is best illustrated in the

  1. Good Neighbor Policy

  2. Slogan, “Fifty-four forty or fight” *

  3. Selection of the parallel 36 degrees 30’ in the Missouri Compromise

  4. Granting of independence to the Philippines

  5. Emancipation Proclamation




  1. Alexander Hamilton approved of Jay’s Treaty because it

  1. Admitted United States goods freely to British ports without restriction

  2. Incorporated United States ideas about the rights of neutrals

  3. Reelected the ideas of Madison and Jefferson as well as his own

  4. United public opinion in support of the President’s treaty-making power *

  5. Provided a framework for peaceful United States relations with Great Britain




  1. Samuel Gompers attempted to win gains for labor by

  1. United skilled and unskilled workers into one union

  2. Organizing industrial or vertical unions

  3. Campaigned actively for the election of AFL members

  4. Organizing of skilled craft unions *

  5. Urging civil disobedience as a means to win public support




  1. In the late nineteenth-century controversy over the social and religious implications of Darwinian theory, all of the following popular beliefs were felt to be threatened by Darwin EXCEPT the

  1. Theological doctrine of “design”

  2. Accuracy of the Old Testament

  3. Reality of change in the world *

  4. Uniqueness of man in nature

  5. Concept of the deserving poor

23. In the period, 1887-1890, Congress passed major legislation to regulate abuses in



  1. Local governments

  2. Industrial combinations *

  3. Union methods

  4. Farm credit

  5. Governmental hiring practices




  1. Which of the following contributed LEAST to the victory of Herbert Hoover over Alfred E. Smith?

  1. Hoover’s experience and reputation in business and public administration

  2. The prosperity which characterized the nation’s economy at the time

  3. The support of minority groups from North-eastern urban centers *

  4. General satisfaction with the two previous administrations of Hoover’s party

  5. The support of anti-Catholic voters in the South and in rural areas elsewhere




  1. The pre-Civil War South objected to protective tariffs because they

  1. Increased the cost of slaves

  2. Kept the price of cotton low

  3. Increased the prices of manufactured goods *

  4. Aided western farmers at the planters’ expense

  5. Destroyed the market for tobacco




  1. During the colonial period the term “freeman” generally came to mean any

  1. White male over twenty-one who paid enough taxes to vote *

  2. Male aged sixteen to sixty who served in the militia

  3. Freed slaves

  4. Member of a Protestant church

  5. Member of a colony’s legislative body




  1. Henry Clay is classified as both

  1. A “muckraker” and a “mugwamp”

  2. A “War Hawk” and a “Great Compromiser” *

  3. A member of the Virginia Dynasty and presidential nominee

  4. An ambassador to France and Secretary of State

  5. A “Whig” and a defender of the South




  1. All of the following were objectives of Progressivism EXCEPT:

  1. Replacing capitalism with socialism *

  2. Improving the working conditions of the factory laborers

  3. Fighting corruption in municipal governments

  4. Protecting the interests of consumers

  5. Making governments more directly responsible to the electorate




  1. Sharecropping emerged in the post-Civil War South as a means by which

  1. Southern planters exchanged crops for northern manufactured goods

  2. More than one crop shared the available land on the plantation

  3. Former slaves formed cooperative credit associations to share costs

  4. Impoverished planters and former slaves supplied each others needs for labor and land *

  5. Religious persons shared what they grew with those less fortunate




  1. At the beginning of the Civil War, the North had all of the following advantages EXCEPT:

  1. More manpower

  2. More industry

  3. Stronger consensus concerning war aims *

  4. An established government recognized by all countries

  5. Superiority in number of naval vessels




  1. Which was a result of the Homestead Act of 1862?

  1. Increased desertions from the Confederate Army

  2. Increase speculation in western lands *

  3. Increased public awareness of the need for conservation of natural resources

  4. Increased criticism of the Republican Party

  5. Hastened settlement of New Mexico




  1. Of the following, which was the most important cause of agrarian discontent in the United States in the last quarter of the nineteenth century?

  1. The end of free homesteads

  2. The end of Republican Party efforts to woo the farm vote

  3. The exhaustion of the soil by poor farming methods

  4. The feeling that the railroads were exploiting the farmers *

  5. The increase in the number of immigrants




  1. The denunciation by the farmers of what they called the “”Crime of 73” reflected the demand for

  1. An increased regulation of the railroads *

  2. An increase in aid to the land-grant colleges

  3. Federal regulation of stock market transactions

  4. Higher prices through currency expansion

  5. Return of federal farm supports




  1. An important factor in the expansion of American industry between the Civil War and the First World War was the

  1. Demand from Asia for American manufactured goods

  2. Rivalry with Canada for the wheat markets of the world

  3. Return from American investments in Europe

  4. Growth of the domestic American market *

  5. Boom in canal building

  1. According to the “South Carolina Exposition and Protest” a federal law could nullified by a state because

Because the Federal Government was

  1. Created by the states as a social compact *

  2. Dependent on the states for taxation

  3. Composed of men elected or appointed from the states

  4. Limited in its use of power by the Bill of Rights

  5. A Temporary organization with annual membership




  1. The decade of the 1920’s was characteristic of the following EXCEPT:

  1. A growth in monopolistic business practices

  2. An increased in industrial productivity

  3. A lowering of tariff duties *

  4. Intolerance and Nativism as revealed by immigration laws and activities of KKK

  5. Frenzied stock market speculation and real estate booms




  1. Puritan contributions to the English colonies of North America included ALL EXCEPT:

  1. The Compact theory of government

  2. The Concept of limited government

  3. The desire for education

  4. The government to be a covenant or contract

  5. The absolution of sin upon the act of confession *




  1. Which of the following suffered most from a declining European market after the First World War?

  1. New England shoe manufacturers

  2. Detroit automotive manufacturers

  3. West Virginia coal companies

  4. Pittsburgh steel producers

  5. Kansas wheat farmers *




  1. Considering the issue of government economics, Andrew Jackson was…

  1. A soft money advocate

  2. A defender of the national debt

  3. A proponent of extremely high tariffs

  4. A hard money advocate *

  5. An advocate of the graduated income tax




  1. The Morrill Act of 1862, which provided for land grants in support of agricultural and mechanical colleges, had the greatest impact on higher education in…

  1. New England

  2. The South Atlantic States

  3. The Middle Atlantic States

  4. The Middle West and Far West *

  5. The deep South




  1. The Progressive movement of the early twentieth century sought to

  1. End overseas expansion

  2. Promote the trade union movement

  3. Assure more democracy in government *

  4. Bring about government ownership of the means of production

  5. Bring statehood to Arizona and New Mexico

  1. In terms of the way he lived as well as the themes of his literary works, the author most representative of the “Lost Generation” was…

  1. Ernest Hemingway *

  2. Langston Hughes

  3. John Dos Passos

  4. John Steinbeck

E) Jack London


  1. In which two wars fought by the United States was freedom of seas a major issue?

  1. The French & Indian War and the Revolutionary War

  2. The War of 1812 and the Mexican War

  3. The Mexican War and the Spanish-American War

  4. The War of 1812 and World War I *

  5. The Revolutionary War and World War II




  1. The two great historical forces pulling in opposite directions during the Age of Jackson were:

  1. Colonialism and racism

  2. Imperialism and socialism

  3. Pragmatism and Social Darwinism

  4. Naturalism and realism

  5. Nationalism and Sectionalism *




  1. Jackson was the forerunner of which late nineteenth century movement?

  1. Social Darwinism

  2. Populism *

  3. Imperialism

  4. Industrialism

  5. Colonialism




  1. The administrations of Grant, Harding, and Truman were similar in that all three were:

  1. Republican

  2. Marked by a return to isolationism

  3. Followed by the election of a President of different party

  4. Faced with the problems resulting from war *

  5. Former Vice Presidents




  1. President Taft’s position in the Ballinger-Pinchot dispute served to

  1. Reveal his ability as a trustbuster *

  2. Extend the progressive gains made by Theodore Roosevelt

  3. Increases his personal popularity

  4. Give the impression that he had deserted progressivism

  5. Win him easy renomination




  1. Which of the following was NOT an antebellum slave revolt?

  1. Gabriel Prosser’s revolt

  2. Denmark Vesey’s revolt

  3. Deerfield massacre *

  4. Nat Turner’s revolt

  5. Stono rebellion




  1. During James Madison’s presidency, a whole new generation of political leaders emerged as War Hawks EXCEPT:

  1. John C. Calhoun

  2. Henry Clay

  3. James Monroe *

  4. Daniel Webster

  5. Andrew Jackson




  1. Perhaps the most significant development of Washington’s Administration was the

  1. Introduction of cotton *

  2. Cessation of the fur trade

  3. Development of the fishing industry

  4. Regulation of slavery in Pennsylvania

  5. Spanish abandonment of Florida




  1. Which one of the following men took an active part in opposing the ratification of the Constitution?

  1. Edmund Randolph

  2. Governuer Morris

  3. William Patterson

  4. Thomas Jefferson

  5. Patrick Henry *




  1. According to the economic theory of John Maynard Keynes, which of the following is true?

  1. Budget deficits have an expansionary influence on the economy *

  2. A balanced budget is the key to economic stability and prosperity

  3. The best way to cure a depression is to reduce the national debt

  4. The primary cost of the Great Depression was excessive government spending

  5. An increase in tariff rates is useful in overcoming a depression




  1. Which of the following is correct about the Gentlemen’s Agreement of Theodore Roosevelt administration?

  1. It illustrated the corruption to an immigrant group

  2. It reflected domestic opposition to an immigrant group *

  3. It demonstrated Theodore Roosevelt’s reluctance to destroy the trusts

  4. It enabled muckrakers to gain access to secret government files

  5. It led to the nomination of William Howard Taft for President in 1908




  1. Jefferson’s crowning achievements were:

  1. Abolishing the national bank

  2. Was with the Barbary Pirates

  3. Louisiana Purchase and subsequent Lewis & Clark Expedition *

  4. Settling the California mission system

  5. Conquest of the Indians of the High Plains




  1. England’s policy of mercantilism as applied to the thirteen colonies is best illustrated by the

  1. System of indenturing servants

  2. Passage of the Navigation Laws *

  3. Signing of the Mayflower Compact

  4. Drafting of the Albany Plan of Union

  5. Issuance of the Proclamation Line of 1763




  1. France signed an alliance with the United States and participated openly in the American War for Independence when…

  1. The United States declared it’s independence from Great Britain

  2. The Americans demonstrated their strength by winning a major battle *

  3. The French government could afford increased expenditures

  4. Spain concluded a treaty with the United States

  5. Opposition to the war developed in Great Britain




  1. A major result of President Jackson’s action in the nullification controversy was to

  1. Arouse the antagonism of the North

  2. Bring on the Panic of 1837

  3. Contribute to Calhoun’s election to the Vice Presidency in 1836

  4. Strengthen the power of the national government *

  5. Strengthen the power of the states over the national government




  1. Black slavery did not flourish in New England because

  1. The church disapproved of it

  2. Blacks could not work in the cold climate *

  3. A large number of Indians were available as a labor source

  4. It was too expensive to transport slaves so far north

  5. It did not prove to be economically feasible

59. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions and the South Carolina Exposition and Protest were primarily



concerned with the…

  1. Doctrine of states’ rights *

  2. System of checks and balances

  3. Alien and Sedition Acts

  4. Tariff of Abominations

  5. Electoral college system




  1. The early Virginia colony began to grow and prosper when

  1. Native Americans were removed to reservations west of Appalachian Mountains

  2. The defeat of the Spanish Armada

  3. The settlers found they could export tobacco on a highly profitable basis *

  4. Quinine was introduced to combat malaria

  5. Royalists fled to Virginia following the their defeat in the English Civil War




  1. The Dred Scott Decision was significant because it

  1. Confirmed the opinion that slaves were property *

  2. Resolved the most difficult problems existing between North and South

  3. Upheld the actions of the Underground Railroad

  4. Declared fugitive slave laws unconstitutional

  5. Was opened by President Buchanan




  1. The Monroe Doctrine, which has been the foundation of American foreign policy, was a brilliant bold step taken by which of the following secretaries of state?

  1. Thomas Jefferson D) John Quincy Adams *

  2. James Madison E) Henry Clay

  3. James Monroe




  1. Between 1820-1840, Native American population east of the Mississippi River decreased from 125,000 to 30,000. This decrease is best explained by the

  1. Indians preferences for western lands

  2. Removal of the Indians by the Federal government *

  3. Famine brought about by the disappearance of the buffalo herds

  4. Slaughter of thousands of warrior in battle

  5. Intermarriage and assimilation into American culture




  1. With John Marshall as Chief Justice, the United States Supreme Court succeeded in

  1. Interpreting the federal Constitution more broadly *

  2. Weakening the power of the cabinet

  3. Increasing the membership of the House of Representatives

  4. Strengthening the power of the Chief executive

  5. Issuing the Emancipation Proclamation




  1. By 1936, the labor policy of the FDR Administration was to

  1. Encourage the unions to strike

  2. Promote collect bargaining 8

  3. Encourage the “open shop”

  4. Discourage unions in favor of welfare programs

  5. Favor craft unions above industrial unions




  1. An illustration of the use of arbitration by the United States is the

  1. Gadsden Purchase

  2. Kellogg-Briand Pact

  3. Rush-Bagot Agreement

  4. Washington Treaty of 1871 *

  5. Webster-Ashburton Treaty




  1. The idea that form follows function in architecture is associated with

  1. Thomas Jefferson’s plan of Monticello

  2. The Greek revival of the early nineteenth century

  3. The Victorian gothic of the post-Civil War period

  4. The Chicago School of the late nineteenth century *

  5. The builders of the post-Second World War suburbia




  1. The movement for social progress in the US during the first half of nineteenth century is illustrated by

  1. Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation

  2. The founding of settlement houses

  3. The literature of the muckrakers

  4. The Morrill Act of educational reforms

  5. The establishment of utopianism at New Harmony, Indiana *




  1. The abolition of slavery in the United States was contemporary with

  1. Emancipation of slaves in the British Empire

  2. Founding of Liberia

  3. Freeing the serfs in Russia *

  4. Limitation of slavery in Brazil

  5. Uprising of the peasants in France




  1. The Salem Witch Trials of 1692 were caused by all EXCEPT:

  1. Land quarrels

  2. Bad blood

  3. Fanaticism

  4. Puritan doctrine *

  5. Gender discrimination




  1. The joint stock company of the seventeenth century was the forerunner of the…

  1. House of Representatives

  2. U.S. Senate

  3. Modern corporations *

  4. Family farms

  5. Plantation




  1. Which of the following characterized New England Protestantism in the first half of the nineteenth century?

  1. It reversed the eighteenth century tendency to divide into separate and competing sects

  2. It remained the established state religion

  3. It came to insist on strict predestination

  4. It softened its theology so as to enhance the power of individuals to effect their own conversion *

  5. It remained unaffected by the various reform movements such as temperance and abolitionism




  1. Which one of the following problem did NOT accompany the “end” of the frontier in the United States?

  1. Growing sense of job security among factory workers *

  2. Need for a changed viewpoint in our economic thinking

  3. Rapid decline of interest in imperialistic enterprises

  4. Rapid rise of disease in large cities

  5. Recognition of the need for conservation of natural resources




  1. The primary difference between Massachusetts Bay and the Chesapeake Bay colonies were?

  1. They were hunters in the South and farmers in the North

  2. They were ship builders in the North and fur trappers in the South

  3. They were Anglican in the North and Calvinist in the South

  4. They came as families in the North, whereas, they immigrated as single males in the South *

  5. The northern immigrants were French Calvinist, whereas, the Southerners were Quakers




  1. Each of the following was a factor in the industrial development of the United State during the decade 1840-1850 EXCEPT the

  1. Beginning of the industrial consolidation

  2. Development of clipper ships *

  3. Expansion of railroads to the Pacific

  4. Irish potato famine of 1845

  5. Westward expansion to include Texas, Oregon, and the Mexican cession




  1. Which of the following describes the major grievance of American Patriots from 1764 to the outbreak of the Revolution?

  1. The Stamp Act taxes raised costs to a level that seriously weakened domestic commerce in the colonies

  2. The Sugar Act prohibited the importation of sugar and thereby ruined the rum industry

  3. High import duties made it very difficult for the average colonist to buy tea

  4. English taxation policies were being used to undermine the independence of the colonial legislatures *

E) New taxes were destroying American wealth

  1. In general, the Mason and Dixon line was

  1. A course roughly parallel to the first unit of the Cumberland Road

  2. The boarder between Kentucky and Virginia

  3. The northern boundary of North Carolina

  4. The southern border of Pennsylvania

  5. The line at 36 degrees 30 minutes North Latitude *




  1. Which of the following was closest to the criticism of the FDR Administration expressed by Norman Thomas and the Socialist Party in the late 1930’s?

  1. New Deal programs did not continue the Progressive tradition

  2. Roosevelt was not sufficiently pragmatic in his approach to the economic crisis

  3. The ideas of John Maynard Keynes were not applied systematically to solve the problems of the depression.

  4. Roosevelt did not undertake the systematic reform of capitalism *

E) Roosevelt sought to change the


  1. During the period, 1900-1914, the political leaders of Europe believed that the theoretical “balance of power” could best be maintained by

  1. A policy of isolation

  2. An effective international organization

  3. A program of free trade

  4. A policy of appeasement

  5. A system of alliances *




  1. Which of the following was true about relations between Native Americans and whites in the period of 1861-1890?

  1. The federal government attempted to break down tribal autonomy on the Great Plains *

  2. Congress upheld pre-Civil War promises to preserve Indian tribal hunting lands in the West

  3. Federal voting rights were extent to Indians on reservations

  4. The Indians of the Great Plains offered little resistance to White expansion

  5. The present area of Arizona and New Mexico was set aside as Indian territory




  1. Thomas Jefferson’s vision of the United States included:

  1. Industrialized urban centers at the front of the Industrial Revolution

  2. Expansion of the institution of slavery

  3. Western territories populated by independent white yeoman farm families *

  4. A rejection of scientific farming in favor of agricultural traditionalism.

  5. Education for all men a condition for equality




  1. Which of the following was true about relations between Native Americans (Indians) and whites in the period 1861-1890?


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