Comprehension 1a According to Winston Churchill, what would happen if the North of Russia was overrun by the Bolsheviks? 1b What did Churchill think had gone wrong since the Armistice? 1c Make a list of the actual advances the Bolsheviks had



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Comprehension

1a According to Winston Churchill, what would happen if the North of Russia was overrun by the Bolsheviks?

1b What did Churchill think had gone wrong since the Armistice?

1c Make a list of the actual advances the Bolsheviks had made.

1d Does Churchill appear to be a supporter of General Denikin?

1e Now list the advances that Churchill fears the Bolsheviks might make.

Analysis and interpretation

1f What does this source tell us about the attitude of Winston Churchill to the Bolsheviks? In your answer, refer to

  1. what he says about the Bolsheviks

  2. the language he uses and the tone of his remarks.



1g The USSR accused Churchill of deliberately stirring up fears against them. Could an historian use this source to support or contradict this view?

Case Study Question

Fill out the relevant lines of your Case Study Worksheet.


The Big Question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 1. Have they provided you with any evidence or ideas which will help you answer the Big Question in this Gallery? If they have, note them down on your Case Study Worksheet.


Comprehension

2a According to Bonar Law, what was British policy on the Baltic States?

2b Does Chamberlain completely agree with Bonar Law?

2c Explain what the ministers want the General Staff to do.

2d Describe Churchill’s main concerns.

Analysis and interpretation

2e What evidence is there that the attitude of Britain’s Cabinet ministers was very anti communist?

2f Using sources 1 and 2, is it possible to say whether Churchill was more anti communist than other Cabinet ministers?

Case Study Question

Fill out the relevant lines of your Case Study Worksheet.



The Big Question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 2. Have they provided you with any evidence or ideas which will help you answer the Big Question in this Gallery? If they have, note them down on your Case Study Worksheet.


Comprehension

3a What does Churchill think of the position of Denikin in 1919?

3b What does he think of the position of Kolchak?

Analysis and interpretation

3c Is it clear from this source that Britain is opposed to the Bolsheviks?

3d How might a Bolshevik supporter react if he/she saw this document?

Case Study Question

Fill out the relevant lines of your Case Study Worksheet.


The Big Question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 3. Have they provided you with any evidence or ideas which will help you answer the Big Question in this Gallery? If they have, note them down on your Case Study Worksheet.


Comprehension

4a Write your own summary of George Barnes’ view of the situation in Russia in 1919.

4b Explain why Barnes feels that the United States is so important.

Analysis and interpretation

4c What is Barnes’ attitude to the Soviet government?

4d What is his attitude towards the White leaders Denikin and Kolchak?

4e Look at each of these statements:

George Barnes’ attitude to the Bolsheviks is very different from the attitude of other ministers in the Cabinet.

Barnes is more sympathetic towards the Soviet government because he is a Labour politician.

Barnes wants better relations with the Soviet government because it is the most powerful force in the region.

For each one, decide whether you feel it is

(i) supported by the evidence



  1. partially supported by the evidence

  2. likely to be true but needs to be more strongly supported by evidence before you accept it.



Case Study Question

Fill out the relevant lines of your Case Study Worksheet.


The Big Question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 4. Have they provided you with any evidence or ideas which will help you answer the Big Question in this Gallery? If they have, note them down on your Case Study Worksheet.


Comprehension

5a Who are the three figures in the cartoon?

5b Explain which key figures in the Russian Civil War are represented by the three dogs.

Analysis and interpretation

5c Explain what the cartoonist is trying to say about the leaders of the White armies in the Civil War. Refer to details in the cartoon and your own knowledge.

5d Why do you think the USA is the largest of the three figures in the cartoon?

5e What is the cartoonist trying to say by including the leads to the necks of the dogs?

5f This cartoon is a Communist interpretation of the actions of the actions of British government and its allies. Would you say it was:

an accurate interpretation supported by the other evidence available

an inaccurate interpretation totally unsupported by any evidence

supported to some extent by the evidence but a distorted interpretation because it is a piece of propaganda.



Case Study Question

Fill out the relevant lines of your Case Study Worksheet.


The Big Question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 5. Have they provided you with any evidence or ideas which will help you answer the Big Question in this Gallery? If they have, note them down on your Case Study Worksheet.



http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/



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