Ch. 3 Exam
Choose the answer that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. The country with the greatest number of people emigrating in the seventeenth century was
[A] Germany [B] France. [C] Ireland. [D] Spain. [E] England.
2. The typical English immigrant to the Americas was
[A] sponsored by the English government as part of an official plan for colonial expansion.
[B] a criminal sentenced to deportation.
[D] wealthy enough to afford the passage.
[E] all of these
3. The Pilgrims migrated to New England mainly in search of
[A] fertile land for farming. [B] employment. [C] political rights.
[D] religious freedom. [E] private economic gain.
4. Which of the following was not a Quaker belief?
[A] Individuals deserved recognition for their spiritual state rather than their wealth or family status.
[B] The Holy Spirit could inspire every soul.
[C] An individual’s personal opinions should not be mistaken for God’s will.
[D] Women and men were equal in their ability to understand the Inner Light.
[E] An individual’s Inner Light could best be revealed through the ceremony and music of a religious service.
5. Who was likely to have said the following, about whom? “Having gotten our land, they with scythes cut down the grass, and with axes fell the trees; their cows and horses eat the grass, and their hogs spoil our clam banks, and we shall all be starved.”
41. Which of the following characterized life in the Chesapeake region in the early seventeenth century?
[A] a population density which required residents to live in close proximity to neighbors
[B] a relatively long life expectancy compared with that in the harsh environment of New England
[C] the presence of many more men than women, giving women somewhat greater status because of their scarcity
[D] rapidly developing urbanization
[E] a plantation economy dominated by an abundance of African slave labor
42. The economy in the Chesapeake in the second half of the seventeenth century
[A] boomed as tobacco prices skyrocketed.
[B] was in the midst of a transition from a plantation economy to a trading economy.
[C] was marked by depression as tobacco prices fell.
[D] remained stable because self-sufficient Chesapeake farmers concentrated on subsistence farming.
[E] was marked by boom-bust cycles linked to fluctuations in the price of cotton.
43. Bacon’s Rebellion stemmed from violent attacks of
[A] poor white settlers against Native Americans.
[B] Native Americans against Protestant missionaries.
[C] black slaves against plantation owners.
[D] Protestants against wealthy Catholics.
[E] white indentured servants against plantation owners.
44. Class tension in the Chesapeake lessened after 1690 because
[A] poor whites shared a common interest with upper-class whites in maintaining social control over Native Americans.
[B] more land became available to small farmers.
[C] poor whites shared a common interest with upper-class whites in maintaining social control over blacks.
[D] an influx of Native Americans solved the labor shortage.
[E] the rise in tobacco prices allowed small farmers a better standard of living.
45. Seventeenth-century New England and the West Indies
[A] had virtually nothing to do with each other because the vast distance between them prohibited economic or cultural exchange.
[B] were mirror images in every way except social structure.
[C] were interdependent because the sugar islands could not feed themselves or supply their own lumber, and New England relied on the Caribbean to purchase its surpluses.
[D] were interdependent because New Englanders used the Caribbean as a “safety valve” for excess population in search of farmland.
[E] were interdependent because New England’s short growing season required the importation of food from the Caribbean islands.
46. A man’s right to vote for governor and members of the General Court in seventeenth-century Massachusetts was based on
[A] wealth. [B] length of residence in America. [C] land ownership.
[D] his ancestry. [E] church membership.
47. The siege of Santa Fe
[A] led to the defeat of the Taos Indians.
[B] was one battle in the continuing war between the Taos and Apache Indians.
[C] brought the Spanish into a head-on collision with the French over control of New Mexico’s capital, Santa Fe.
[D] was the first in a long series of battles between the Taos Indians and the Spanish.
[E] marked the end of the Spanish empire and the beginning of French predominance.
48. The main purpose of France’s North American empire was to
[A] provide a location for French Protestants to worship without fear of persecution.
[B] pressure the British into ending their expansion.
[C] support trade with the Indians for furs.
[D] block attempts by the Dutch to gain a monopoly of the sugar trade.
[E] convert native Americans to Christianity.
49. What was the most important factor in France’s ability to hold its vast North American domain against Spanish and English expansion?
[A] technological superiority
[B] the construction of fortified missions by the coureurs de bois
[C] the presence of a large and expensive French army
[D] good relations with the Native Americans
[E] the establishment of thriving and stable communities throughout New France
50. In the late seventeenth century, the Spanish neglected Texas because
[A] Spanish missionaries were preoccupied with California.
[B] an Indian revolt posed a serious threat to Spanish rule in New Mexico.
[C] the French were already firmly in control of the area.
[D] Spain and England were engaged in a series of bloody European wars.
[E] Texas was believed to be a malarial swamp.
51. Spanish colonization of the borderlands depended mainly on the efforts of
[A] Catholic missionaries. [B] Spanish military forces. [C] fur traders.
[A] Spanish colonial administrators enslaved Native Americans to work in silver mines.
[B] Mission life helped them to keep together and preserve their traditional work habits and language.
[C] Spanish soldiers slaughtered Native Americans whenever they resisted the efforts of missionaries.
[D] Because they were exposed to Old World diseases, they fell victim to terrible epidemics.
[E] all of these
53. Which of the following statements accurately compares the French and Spanish colonists’ relations with Native Americans with those of the British colonists by the eighteenth century?
[A] Spanish and French colonies were spread thin and depended on Indian goodwill, while the English colonies were compact, expansionist, and antagonistic toward Native Americans.
[B] English settlers had strong religious convictions and therefore cultivated Indian goodwill, while French and Spanish settlers attempted to exterminate Native Americans.
[C] The Spanish, French, and English colonies all had antagonistic relations with Native Americans.
[D] Spanish and French colonies were concentrated in strategic missions or trading posts to fight the Indians, while the English colonists ranged throughout eastern North America and enjoyed cordial relations with Indians.
[E] There were few significant differences. French, Spanish, and British actions all resulted in the destruction of Native American culture.