Competing Visions of Government: The Federalists vs the Republicans



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APUSH (Unit 3, #6) Date ________________ Pd ________


Competing Visions of Government: The Federalists vs. the Republicans
Directions: Identify the Hamiltonian and Jeffersonian perspective regarding the following topics. Each box requires a specific answer and a brief sentence to explain their rationale for this position. No one-word answers are acceptable.





Hamilton (Federalist)

Jefferson (Democratic-Republican)

What was his vision of the role of government

(National or State?)





Payment of National & State Debts





Tariff on Imported Goods





The U.S. Economy: (Manufacturing or Farming?)





Creating a National Bank





Interpretation of the Constitution





Whiskey Tax and Whiskey Rebellion





Support for the French Revolution





What is the fundamental idea at the heart of the Hamilton/Jefferson disagreement?



Analysis Questions:

  1. Summarize the fundamental idea that is at the heart of the Federalists/Anti-Federalist disagreement. In what ways is this similar to the idea at the heart of the Hamilton/Jefferson conflict? In what ways is it different?



  1. Who’s vision for America, Hamilton’s or Jefferson’s, do you feel was most appropriate for America in 1790? Explain.


Competing Visions of Government: The Federalists vs. the Republicans





Hamilton (Federalist)

Jefferson (Democratic-Republican)

Vision of the role of government

(National or State?)

A strong national gov’t is necessary to provide economic & political order; the “elite” should rule over the masses

The states should hold more power to protect the yeoman farmers from potential tyrants

Payment of National & State Debts

The national gov’t should “assume” all state debts & should “fund” debts at full value; This would ensure confidence in the American economy & help consolidate American debts

The states should retain their own debts; States like Virginia who paid off their debts should not have to help more negligible states pay off their debts

Tariff on Imported Goods

The U.S. gov’t should tax imported goods to generate revenue to pay off debts

The states should not be subject to national taxes; Import taxes hurt yeoman farmers by making products more expensive

The U.S. Economy: (Manufacturing or Farming?)

Manufacturing; the U.S. gov’t should support manufacturing & building infrastructure to support manufacturing

Farming; America is a land dominated by yeoman farmers whose interests need to be protected & supported

Creating a National Bank

America needs a BUS to regulate currency & interest rates; the BUS should be privately controlled by bankers who are invested in the nation’s economy

The BUS is unconstitutional & places too much power in the hands of the elite

Interpretation of the Constitution

The elastic clause allows for a loose interpretation of the Constitution to fit the needs of the nation

The national gov’t can only operate under the powers clearly expressed in the Constitution

Whiskey Tax and Whiskey Rebellion

The national gov’t has the power to issue taxes in order to raise revenue; The Whiskey Rebellion represents a Republican plot to promote states’ rights

The national gov’t should leave taxes to the states; The gov’t used the army to stifle legitimate opposition to an unfair gov’t tax.

Support for the French Revolution

The U.S. should support England, not France, due to England’s superior economic system

The U.S. should support France due to its conviction to liberty & assistance during the American Revolution



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