Comparative National Systems



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Comparative National Systems

Spring 2015


Johns Hopkins University – School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS)

Course Number 100.750 (CORE)



Wednesdays, 6:00pm – 8:30pm Room TBD
Gregory W. Fuller
Without comparisons to make, the mind does not know how to proceed.

Alexis de Tocqueville (1831)


Introduction and Course Content
This SAIS “Core Course” is a graduate level overview course of the major themes and issues in comparative politics. The course aims to familiarize SAIS students with a diversity of frameworks and theories to understand contemporary politics within countries. The course is divided into three main parts. Part I starts by giving a survey of the history and various approaches to the field of comparative politics, provides the student with the methodological tools to “do” comparative politics as it were, presents the historical context of the development of “the state,” our main unit of analysis, and ends with an outline of the main tenets of democratic and authoritarian regimes. Part II deals with the structures, institutions, actors and processes of comparative politics. It covers the various branches of government, the distinction between federal and unitary states, elections and electoral systems, different processes of interest aggregation, political parties, political culture, the role of identity and ethnicity, civil society, political participation, interest groups, and social movements. Part III, the final part of the course, focuses more specifically on issues of political economy and international influences, the role of the state in economic development and the welfare state, ending with a discussion of the main challenges the field is facing today, including nation building, democracy promotion, governance, and economic and political reform.
Understanding causality in political life poses special problems because the underlying phenomena are inherently complex, and it is often not possible to run controlled experiments (like RCTs in development economics) in which some variables can be held constant. Comparative politics seeks to get around this problem by using data from a variety of similarly situated societies, seeking relationships that vary systematically between countries, both statically and dynamically over time. You simply cannot understand any given society, including your own, unless you understand how it differs from others. A solid grounding in the core ideas, concepts, theories, and methods of comparative politics will be an asset to students in virtually any career path they choose to pursue in the field of international relations.
This course does not presume any previous background in comparative politics, but expects students to draw from first-hand knowledge of specific countries in interpreting theories and understanding issues. Auditors are welcome in this course, but are expected to keep up with the required readings and attend all classes in order to get official ‘audit’ status for the course.
Requirements
To successfully complete this core course for credit, each class participant is required to:

  • Do all the “required” readings and attend all class sessions. (5% of total grade)

  • Write a 3,000-word term comparative politics paper, which will be due during the second half of the semester July 14 (35% of your final grade). Further instructions will be handed out during the second class.

  • Take the cumulative final exam in Comparative National Systems, offered on July 21 from 6:00pm to 8:00pm (60% of your final grade).

  • An optional midterm exam, which counts as 30% of your grade and reduces the weight of your final exam grade to 30%. This is best for people uncomfortable with the idea of most of your grade riding on a single exam. It will take place during class on June 30.


Contact & Office Hours
My office hours are 4:00 – 6:00 (i.e., the two hours before class) in location TBD.
Teaching assistant & responsibilities are also TBD.
Required Books


  1. G. Bingham Powell, Jr., Russel J. Dalton, and Kaare Strøm, Comparative Politics Today: A Theoretical Framework (Sixth Edition), Longman, 2012.

  2. Gerardo L. Munck and Richard Snyder, Passion, Craft, and Method in Comparative Politics, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007.

  3. Mark Irving Lichbach and Alan S. Zuckerman (eds.), Comparative Politics: Rationality, Culture, and Structure (Second Edition), Cambridge University Press, 2009.

  4. Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner (eds.), Electoral Systems and Democracy, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.

All other readings will be directly available via BLACKBOARD and the SAIS Library’s Electronic Reserves (ERes).



CLASS SCHEDULE

Preliminary Reading – Highly Recommended


  • Munck and Snyder, Passion, Craft, and Method in Comparative Politics, chapter 1, Richard Snyder, “The Human Dimension of Comparative Research,” pp. 1-31

  • Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson, Why Nations Fail (New York: Crown Business, 2012), preface + chapters 1 and 2, pp. 1-69

  • Jeffrey D. Sachs, “Government, Geography, and Growth,” Foreign Affairs, Review Essay, September/October 2012

  • Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, Vol. 2, Part III, Chapters 1-4

  • Seymour Martin Lipset, American Exceptionalism, “Introduction,” pp. 17-28

PART I: FOUNDATIONS

APPROACHES AND METHODS IN COMPARATIVE POLITICS, AND HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF STATES AND REGIMES




Class 1 – Wednesday, January 28
Introduction, Evolution and Approaches to Comparative Politics


Required:

  • Powell, Dalton, and Strøm, chapters 1 and 2, pp. 1-56

  • Munck and Snyder, chapter 3 (Interview with Gabriel A. Almond), pp. 63-85

  • Adam Przeworski and Fernando Limongi, “Modernization: Theories and Facts,” World Politics 49 (1), January 1997, pp. 155-83

  • Jean Blondel, “Then and Now: Comparative Politics,” Political Studies 47 (1), 1999, pp. 152-160

  • Atul Kohli, Peter Evans, Peter Katzenstein et al, “The Role of Theory in Comparative Politics: A Symposium,” World Politics 48 (1), October 1995, pp. 1-49



Class 2 – Wednesday, February 4

Comparative Research Methods
Required:

  • Munck and Snyder, chapter 2, Gerardo L. Munck, “The Past and Present of Comparative Politics,” pp. 32-59

  • Roy C. Macridis and Bernard E. Brown, Comparative Politics: Notes and Readings, Eighth Edition (Belmont, MA: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1996), Chapter 1, John Stuart Mill, “How We Compare,” pp. 16-20; Chapter 2, Giovanni Sartori, “Comparing and Miscomparing,” pp. 20-30

  • Barbara Geddes, “How the Cases You Choose Affect the Answers You Get,” Political Analysis 2 (1990), pp. 131-149

  • Jared Diamond, “Intra-Island and Inter-Island Comparisons,” in Jared Diamond and James Robinson (eds.), Natural Experiments of History (Boston, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010), pp. 120-141

  • Peter A. Hall, Governing the Economy: The Politics of State Intervention in Britain and France (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986), chapter 1, pp. 3-22



Class 3 – Wednesday, February 11
The State and State Formation


Required:

  • Lichbach and Zuckerman (eds.), Ch. 7, Joel Migdal, “Researching the State,” pp. 162-192

  • Max Weber, “What is a State?” in Roy C. Macridis and Bernard E. Brown, Comparative Politics: Notes and Readings, Eighth Edition (Belmont: Wadsworth, 1996), pp. 84-87

  • Max Weber, “The Types of Legitimate Domination,” in Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich (eds.), Max Weber: Economy and Society (New York: Bedminster Press, 1968), pp. 212-254

  • Charles Tilly, “War Making and State Making as Organized Crime,” in Peter Evans, Dietrich Rueschemeyer and Theda Skocpol (eds.), Bringing the State Back In (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1985), pp. 169-191

  • Jeffrey Herbst, States and Power in Africa (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000), chapter 1, pp. 3-32

  • Francis Fukuyama, State-Building: Governance and World Order in the 21st Century (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press), chapter 1, pp. 1-42



Class 4 – Wednesday, February 18
Democracies versus Authoritarian Regimes


Required:

  • Munck and Snyder, chapters 5 and 7 (Interviews with Robert A. Dahl and Samuel L. Huntington), pp. 113-149 and pp. 210-233

  • Paul Brooker, Non-Democratic Regimes: Theory, Government and Politics (2nd revised edition) (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), Introduction and chapter 1, pp. 1-35

  • Samuel P. Huntington, “Democracy’s Third Wave,” in Larry Diamond and Marc Plattner (eds.), The Global Resurgence of Democracy, Second Edition (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 3-25

  • Guillermo O’Donnell and Philippe C. Schmitter, Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986), chapters 1, 2 and 7 (pp. 3-14 and 65-72)

  • Thomas Carothers, “The End of the Transition Paradigm,” Journal of Democracy 13 (1), January 2002, pp. 5-21; and discussion transcript featuring Marc Plattner, Francis Fukuyama, Larry Diamond and Donald Horowitz, “Reconsidering the “Transition Paradigm,” Journal of Democracy 25 (1), January 2014, pp. 86-100

PART II:

STRUCTURES, INSTITUTIONS, ACTORS, AND PROCESSES



Class 5 – Wednesday, February 25
The Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches of Government; Federalism versus Unitary States, Regionalization and Decentralization


Required:

  • Powell, Dalton, and Strøm, chapter 6, pp. 133-166

  • Ferran Requejo and Miquel Caminal (eds.), Federalism, Plurinationality and Democratic Constitutionalism (New York: Routledge, 2012), chapter 1, pp. 1-13

  • Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner (eds.), Electoral Systems and Democracy, chapters 1-5 (Horowitz, Soudriette and Ellis, Reilly, Lijphart, and Weaver) (pp. 3-72)

  • Juan J. Linz, “The Perils of Presidentialism,” Journal of Democracy 1 (1), Winter 1990, pp. 51-69

  • Matthew S. Shugart and John M. Carey, Presidents and Assemblies: Constitutional Design and Electoral Dynamics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), chapters 1-2, pp. 1-27



Class 6 – Wednesday, March 4
Elections, Referendums, Political Parties, and Party Systems


Required:

  • Powell, Dalton, and Strøm, chapter 5, pp. 106-132

  • Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner (eds.), Electoral Systems and Democracy, chapters 6-9 (Lijphart, Lardeyret, Quade and Lijphart). pp. 73-104

  • Larry Diamond and Richard Gunther (eds.), Political Parties and Democracy (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001), Chapter 1 (pp. 3-39)

  • Philippe Schmitter, “Parties Are Not What They Once Were,” in Diamond and Gunther (eds.), Political Parties and Democracy, Chapter 4 (pp. 67-89)

  • Anthony Downs, “An Economic Theory of Political Action in a Democracy,” The Journal of Political Economy 65 (2), April 1957, pp. 135-150



Class 7 – Wednesday, March 11

Political Culture, Identity, Nationalism and Ethnicity



Required:

  • Powell, Dalton, and Strøm, chapter 3, pp. 57-80

  • Lichbach and Zuckerman (eds.), Ch. 6: Marc Howard Ross, “Culture in Comparative Political Analysis,” pp. 134-161

  • Seymour Martin Lipset, “The Centrality of Political Culture,” and Francis Fukuyama, “The Primacy of Culture,” in Larry Diamond and Marc Plattner (eds.), The Global Resurgence of Democracy, Second Edition (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 150-153 and pp. 320-327

  • Samuel Huntington, “The Clash of Civilizations?” Foreign Affairs 72 (3), 1993, pp. 22-49

  • Daniel N. Posner, “The Political Salience of Cultural Difference: Why Chewas and Tumbukas Are Allies in Zambia and Adversaries in Malawi,” American Political Science Review 98 (4), November 2004, pp. 529-545

  • Jerry Z. Muller, “Us and Them: The Enduring Power of Ethnic Nationalism,” Foreign Affairs 87 (2), March/April 2008, pp. 18-35

  • James Habyarimana, et al, “Is Ethnic Conflict Inevitable?” Foreign Affairs 87 (4), July/August 2008, pp. 138-146 (including response from Muller)



Class 8 – Wednesday, March 25

Civil Society, Political Participation, Interest Associations, and Social Movements



Required:

  • Powell, Dalton, and Strøm, chapter 4, pp. 81-105

  • Albert Hirschman, Exit, Voice and Loyalty (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970), pp. 1-43

  • Jacob S. Hacker and Paul Pierson, “Winner-Take-All Politics: Public Policy, Political Organization, and the Precipitous Rise of Top Incomes in the United States,” Politics & Society 38 (2), 2010, pp. 152-204

  • Robert D. Putnam, Making Democracy: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993), chapters 1 and 6

  • Robert D. Putnam, “Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital,” in Diamond and Plattner (eds.), The Global Resurgence of Democracy, pp. 290-306

  • Larry Diamond, “Rethinking Civil Society,” Journal of Democracy 5 (3), 1994, pp. 5-17

  • Ruud Koopmans, “Social Movements,” in Russell J. Dalton and Hans Dieter Klingemann (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Behavior (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 693-707


Class 9: Wednesday, April 1, 2014 – MIDTERM EXAM

(Optional – See Syllabus Instructions)

PART III:

POLITICAL ECONOMY, INTERNATIONAL INFLUENCES, AND CURRENT CHALLENGES FOR COMPARATIVE POLITICS



Class 10 – Wednesday, April 8
Political Economy: Politics, Economics, and Collective Action


Required:

  • Powell, Dalton, and Strøm, chapter 7, pp. 167-200

  • Lichbach and Zuckerman (eds.), chapter 8, Mark Blyth “An Approach to Comparative Analysis or a Subfield within a Subfield? Political Economy,” pp. 193-219 and chapter 14, Isabella Mares “The Comparative Political Economy of the Welfare State” pp. 358-375

  • Gøsta Esping-Andersen, The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990), pp. 1-34

  • Elinor Ostrom, “Collective Action Theory,” in Carles Boix and Susan C. Stokes (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 739-754


Class 11 – Wednesday, April 15
The Role of the State in Comparative Economic Development


Required:

  • Douglass North, Structure and Change in Economic History (New York: W. W. Norton, 1981), “A Neoclassical Theory of the State,” pp. 20-32

  • Atul Kohli, State-Directed Development (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp 1-24

  • Peter B. Evans, “Predatory, Developmental, and other Apparatuses: A Comparative Analysis of the Third World State,” Sociological Forum 4 (1989), pp. 561-582

  • Joel Migdal, Strong Societies and Weak States: State-Society Relations and State Capabilities in the Third World (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988), chapter 1, pp. 3-41

  • World Bank, World Development Report, 1997: The State in a Changing World (Washington, DC), chapters 1-4, pp. 19-75



Class 12 – Wednesday, April 22
Beyond the Nation-State: The International Dimension


Required:

  • Peter Gourevitch, “The Second Image Reversed: The International Sources of Domestic Politics,” International Organization 32 (4), Autumn 1978, pp. 881-912

  • Kurt Weyland, “Toward a New Theory of Institutional Change,” World Politics 60 (2), 2008, pp. 281-314

  • Wade Jacoby, “Inspiration, Coalition, and Substitution: External Influences on Postcommunist Transformations,” World Politics 58 (4), July 2006, pp. 623-651

  • Margaret Keck and Kathryn Sikkink, Activists Beyond Borders (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998), pp. 1-38

  • Simon Hix, “The EU as a New Political System,” in Daniele Caramani (ed.), Comparative Politics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), pp. 573-601


Class 13 – Wednesday, April 29 PAPERS DUE
Challenges for Comparative Politics Today: The Future of Democracy Promotion, Nation Building, Corruption, Governance and Reform of Free Market Capitalism


Required:

  • Amartya Sen, “Democracy as a Universal Value,” Journal of Democracy 10 (3), 1999, pp. 3-17

  • Matthias Matthijs, “Mediterranean Blues: The Crisis in Southern Europe,” Journal of Democracy 25 (1), 2014, pp. 101-115

  • Ethan B. Kapstein and Nathan Converse, “Why Democracies Fail,” Journal of Democracy 19 (4), 2008, pp. 57-68

  • James Dobbins et al, America’s Role in Nation Building: From Germany to Iraq, (The RAND Corporation. 2003), Chapter 9: Lessons Learned

  • Sarah Bush, “The Power of Professionalization: How NGOs Shape American Democracy Assistance,” December 2013, 50 pages. (ERes)

  • Ian Bremmer, “State Capitalism Comes of Age: The End of the Free Market?” Foreign Affairs 88 (3), May/June 2009, pp. 40-56

  • William Easterly, Reinventing Foreign Aid (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008), chapter by Todd Moss, Gunilla Pettersson and Nicolas van de Walle (“An Aid-Institutions Paradox?”), pp. 255-282


FINAL/CORE EXAM TBD

EXTENDED READING LIST

Class 1

-Lichbach and Zuckerman (eds.), chapter 1

-Philippe C. Schmitter, “The Nature and Future of Comparative Politics,” European Political Science Review 1 (1), 2009, pp. 33-61

-Robert Jervis, “International History and International Politics: Why Are They Studied Differently?” chapter 15 in Colin Elman and Miriam Fendius Elman (eds.), Bridges and Boundaries (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), pp. 385-402

-David Collier, “The Comparative Method: Two Decades of Change,” and “New Perspectives on the Comparative Method,” in Dankwart A. Rustow and Kenneth P. Erickson (eds.), Comparative Political Dynamics (New York: HarperCollins, 1991)

-Giovanni Capoccia and Daniel Kelemen, “The Study of Critical Junctures: Theory, Narrative, and Counterfactuals in Historical Institutionalism,” World Politics 59 (3), April 2007, p. 341-369

-Richard Rose, “Comparing Forms of Comparative Analysis,” Political Studies 39 (3), 1991, pp. 446-462

-Gabriel A. Almond, A Discipline Divided: Schools and Sects in Political Science (Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1997)

-Nils Gilsman, Mandarins of the Future: Modernization Theory in Cold War America, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003)

Class 2

-Munck and Snyder, chapter 4 (Interview with Barrington Moore, Jr.), pp. 86-112

-Lichbach and Zuckerman (eds.), chapters 2-4

-Clifford Geertz, Chapter 1, “Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture,” in The Interpretation of Cultures (New York: Basic Books), pp. 1-30

-Thomas L. Haskell, “Objectivity Is Not Neutrality: Explanatory Schemes in History,” Chapter 6 (Rhetoric versus Practice in Peter Novick’s That Noble Dream), pp. 145-173

-Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, Sidney Verba, Designing Social Inquiry (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994)

-James Mahoney and Dietrich Rueschemeyer (eds.), Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2003)

-Alexander L. George and Andrew Bennett, Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005)

-Barbara Geddes, Paradigms and Sand Castles: Theory Building and Research Design in Comparative Politics (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2003)

Class 3

-Munck and Snyder, chapters 12 and 17 (Interviews with Alfred Stepan and Theda Skocpol), pp. 392-455 and pp. 649-707

-Michael Mann, “The Autonomous Power of the State: Its Origins, Mechanism, and Results,” European Journal of Sociology 25 (2), 1984, pp. 185-213

-Lowell W. Barrington, ““Nation” and “Nationalism”: The Misuse of Key Concepts in Political Science,” PS: Political Science and Politics 30 (4), December 1997, pp. 712-16

-Evans, Rueschemeyer, and Skocpol (eds.), Bringing the State Back In (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1985)

-Miles Kahler, “The State of the State in World Politics,” in Ira Katznelson and Helen Milner (eds.), Political Science: The State of the Discipline, Centennial Edition, (New York: W. W. Norton), pp. 56-83

-Theda Skocpol, States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia and China (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979)

-Charles Tilly (ed.), The Formation of National States in Western Europe (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975) and Charles Tilly, Coercion, Capital, and European States AD 990-1990 (Cambridge: Basil Blackwell, 1990)

-J. P. Nettl, “The State as a Conceptual Variable,” World Politics 20 (1968), pp. 559-92

-Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict From 1500 to 2000 (New York: Random House, 1987)



Class 4

-Munck and Snyder, chapter 9 (Interview with Guillermo O’Donnell), pp. 273-304

-Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson, Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), pp. 1-87

-Robert A. Dahl, Democracy and Its Critics (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989)

-Juan J. Linz, Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2000)

-Charles Tilly, Democracy (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2007), pp. 1-50, and pp. 80-186

-Philippe C. Schmitter and Terry Lyn Karl, “What Democracy Is… And Is Not,” Journal of Democracy 2 (3), Summer 1991, pp. 75-88

-Terry Lyn Karl, “From Democracy to Democratization and Back: Before Transitions from Authoritarian Rule,” CDDRL Working Papers 45, Stanford, September 2005

-Larry Diamond, The Spirit of Democracy: The Struggle to Build Free Societies throughout the World (New York: Times Books, 2008), pp. 171-370

-Seymour Martin Lipset, “Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy,” American Political Science Review 53 (1), 1959, pp. 69-105



Class 5

-Munck and Snyder, chapter 6 (Interview with Juan J. Linz), pp. 150-209

-Donald H. Horowitz, “Constitutional Design: An Oxymoron?” in Ian Shapiro and Stephen Macedo, Designing Democratic Institutions (New York, NY: New York University Press, 2000)

-Tom Ginsburg, “Introduction: The Decline and Fall of Parliamentary Sovereignty,” in Judicial Review in New Democracies: Constitutional Courts in Asian Cases (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), pp. 1-21

-Arend Lijphart, Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999), Chapters 1-2, pp. 1-30.
Class 6

-Munck and Snyder, chapter 8 (Interview with Arend Lijphart), pp. 234-272

-Herbert Kitschelt, “Linkages between Citizens and Politicians in Democratic Politics,” Comparative Political Studies 33 (6), 2000, pp. 845-879

-Francis Fukuyama, “Development and the Limits of Institutional Design,” in Natalia Dinello and Vladimir Popov (eds.), Political Institutions and Development: Failed Expectations and Renewed Hopes (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2007).

-Giovanni Sartori, Comparative Constitutional Engineering: An Inquiry into Structures, Incentives, and Outcomes (New York, NY: New York University Press, 1994), chapters 1-4, pp. 3-79.

-Andrew Reynolds and Timothy D. Sisk, “Elections and Electoral Systems. Implications for Conflict Management, in Elections and Conflict Management in Africa (Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace Press, 1998), Part 1, pp. 11-36

-Pippa Norris. Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)

-G. Bingham Powell, Elections as Instruments of Democracy: Majoritarian and Proportional Visions (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000)

-Russell Dalton, Democratic Challenges, Democratic Choices: The Erosion of Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004)

Class 7

-Munck and Snyder, chapter 16 (Interview with David Laitin), pp. 601-648

-Lichbach and Zuckerman, chapter 15

-Ronald Inglehart and Christian Welzel, Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy: The Human Development Sequence (Cambridge University Press, 2005)

-James Fearon and David Laitin, “Explaining Interethnic Cooperation,” American Political Science Review 90 (4), December 1996, pp. 715-35

-David J. Elkins and Richard E.B. Simeon, “A Cause in Search of Its Effect, or What Does Political Culture Explain?” Comparative Politics 11 (2), January 1979, pp. 127-145

-Ernest Gellner, Nations and Nationalism (Oxford: Blackwell, 1983), pp. 1-87

-Paul Collier, The Bottom Billion (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), chapter 2, pp. 18-37



Class 8

-Munck and Snyder, chapter 10 and 11 (Interviews with Philippe C. Schmitter and James C. Scott), pp. 305-391

-Lichbach and Zuckerman, chapter 10

-Robert D. Putnam, Making Democracy: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993)

-Bronislaw Geremek, “Civil Society Then and Now,” in Larry Diamond and Marc Plattner (eds.), The Global Resurgence of Democracy, Second Edition (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 241-250

-Sidney Verba, Norman Nie and Jao-On Kim, Participation and Political Equality: A Seven Nation Comparison (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1978), pp.1-98 and pp. 286-293

-Marina Ottaway and Thomas Carothers, Funding Virtue: Civil Society and Democracy Promotion (Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2000), chapters 1 (pp. 3-16) and 11 (293-310)

-Sunil Khilnani, “The Development of Civil Society,” in Sudipta Kaviraj and Sunil Khilnani (eds.), Civil Society: History and Possibilities (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 11-32



Class 10

-Lichbach and Zuckerman (eds.), chapter 5, Margaret Levi, “Reconsiderations of Rational Choice in Comparative and Historical Analysis,” pp. 117-133

-Mancur Olsen, The Rise and Decline of Nations: Economic Growth, Stagflation and Social Rigidities (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1982)

-Peter A. Hall (ed.), The Political Power of Economic Ideas: Keynesianism Across Nations (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989), Introduction

-Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis, “The Evolutionary Basis of Collective Action,” in Barry R. Weingast and Donald A. Wittman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), pp. 951-967

-Torben Iversen, “Capitalism and Democracy,” in Barry R. Weingast and Donald A. Wittman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), pp. 601-623



Class 11

-Munck and Snyder, chapters 13 and 14 (Interviews with Adam Przeworski and Robert Bates), pp. 456-555)

-Barbara Geddes, “The Great Transformation in the Study of Politics in Developing Countries,” in Ira Katznelson and Helen Milner (eds.), Political Science: The State of the Discipline, Centennial Edition, (New York: W. W. Norton), pp. 342-370

-Chalmers Johnson, MITI and the Japanese Miracle (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 1982)

-Chalmers Johnson, “The Developmental State: Odyssey of a Concept,” In Meredith Woo-Cummings (ed.), The Developmental State (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999), pp. 32-60

-Peter Evans, Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995)

-Samuel Huntington, Political Order in Changing Societies (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006), pp. 1-92

Class 12

-Lichbach and Zuckerman (eds.), chapter 9

-Peter J. Katzenstein, “International Relations and Domestic Structures: Foreign Economic Policies of the Advanced Industrial States,” International Organization 30 (1), Winter 1976

-John Gerard Ruggie, “International Regimes, Transactions, and Change: Embedded Liberalism in the Postwar Economic Order,” International Organization 36 (2), 1982, pp. 379-415

-Robert Keohane and Helen Milner (eds.), Internationalization and Domestic Politics (Cambridge Universtiy Press, 1996)

-Richard Price, “Transnational Civil Society and Advocacy in World Politics,” World Politics 55 (4), 2003, pp. 579-606

-James N. Rosenau, Along the Domestic-Foreign Frontier: Exploring Governance in a Turbulent World (Cambridge University Press, 1997)

-Mark Blyth, Great Transformations (Cambridge University Press, 2002)

-Kathleen R. McNamara, The Currency of Ideas (Cornell University Press, 1998)

Class 13

-Sheri Berman, “The Promise of the Arab Spring,” Foreign Affairs 92 (1), January/February 2013, pp. 64-74

-Fareed Zakaria, “The Rise of Illiberal Democracy,” Foreign Affairs 76 (6), November/December 1997, pp. 22-43

-Munck and Snyder, chapter 15 (Interview with David Collier), pp. 556-601



-World Bank, Governance, Growth, and Development Decision Making (Washington, DC, 2008), Reflections by Douglass North, Daron Acemoglu, Francis Fukuyama, and Dani Rodrik.





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