Common Sense Declaration of Independence Thomas Gage Second Continental Congress Thomas Jefferson

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Study Guide

- Olive Branch


- Continental Army

- Common Sense

- Declaration of


- Thomas Gage

- Second Continental


- Thomas Jefferson

- Loyalists

- Patriots

- Thomas Paine

- Ethan Allen

- Green Mountain


- recruits

- grievances

- Benedict


- Fort


- Lake


- William


- Bunker Hill

- inalienable or

fundamental rights

- Richard

Henry Lee

- John


- Dorchester


- rebels

- George


- Hessians

(1) ___________________ was the pamphlet written by (2) _____________________ that spread

throughout the colonies and convinced many (3) _____________________ to become

(4) _______________________.

(5) _________________________ was the leader of the rebel group known as the (6) __________________

_____________________ .
People who joined the patriot formal military, or the (7) ____________________________ , were

(8) _____________________ from each colony. This group was headed by (9) __________________

At the (10) ____________________________________ the delegates decided to send the

(11) ______________________________________ , which was the last written effort made by the patriots before declaring independence.
At (12) ____________________________________ , which is near (13) _________________________ , Ethan Allen and (14) ___________________________ led their troops through an opening in the gate to conquer the British and (15) ____________________ so they could steal their weapons/ammunition.
These weapons were marched over 200 miles to a place called (16) ________________________ , where the (17) ______________________ and Continental Army defended their position.
The (18) ___________________________________ was mainly written by (19) _____________________

_____________ , who was inspired by John Locke who said that all people have certain

(20) ___________________________________ rights. This document was a list of (21) _________________

against King George III and British Parliament. The first man to sign the document was (22) __________

_________________ , who was the president of the Second Continental Congress AND wrote the largest.
At the Battle of (23) _______________________, which should have been called the Battle of Breed’s Hill, Israel Putnam AND (24) ________________________ are both given credit for saying, “Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes; then, fire low.”
(25) ____________________ was the man who introduced a resolution to declare independence. He is known for his famous quote “These United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states!”
26) The first and most prominent signature on the Dec. of Indpd. belongs to

  1. Samuel Adams. D. Thomas Jefferson

  2. John Adams. E. John Hancock

C. Thomas Jefferson.
27) The first words of the Dec. of Indpd. are

  1. “ We the people…” D. “Four score and seven years ago…”

  2. “ My fellow Americans…” E. “When in the course of human events…”

C. “We hold these truths to be self-evident…”
28) The bulk of the Dec. of Indpd. consists of

  1. powers given to the new Congress. D. descriptions of natural rights.

  2. details about how the new nation will be governed. E. grievances against the king of Great Britain.

  3. self-evident truths.

29) The Dec. of Indpd. claims that

  1. tyranny is more important than liberty. D. some men are natural-born leaders.

  2. slaves are not “true people.” E. all men are created equal.

  3. all men have the right to own property.

30) According to the Dec. of Indpd, what must any state do when it dissolves political ties?

  1. Apologize to those who do not desire to separate. D. Announce the reasons for the separation.

  2. Wage war against the mother country. E. Provide for the common defense and promote the general welfare.

  3. Hold free and fair elections.

31) According to the Declaration of Independence, which of the following is “self-evident truth”?

  1. Citizens have a duty to comply with directives given by a legitimate government.

  2. Announce the reasons for the separation, grievances.

  3. Wage war against the mother country without trying to make peace.

  4. Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are inalienable rights.

  5. Hold free and fair elections for all people whether they are citizens or not.

32) According to the Dec. of Indpd, from where do governments derive their authority?

  1. from the beginnings of civilization D. from the divine right of the kings

  2. from the “laws of nature and Nature’s god” E. from the consent of the people being governed

  3. from the written constitution

33) Which of the following is a complaint against the king of England included in the Declaration?

  1. failing to protect the slave trade D. maintaining armies in the colonies during peace time

  2. prohibiting the consumption (drinking) of alcohol E. restricting immigration to the colonies

  3. failing to protect the slaves

34) The Declaration of Independence refers to the king of England as a

  1. grumpy, booby looking fellow. D. a suffragette during the women’s rights movement.

  2. scum on the bottoms of the colonists’ shoes. E. a benevolent dictator who ruled by himself.

  3. a tyrant who took away the natural rights of his citizens.

35) How many colonies actually SIGNED the Dec. of Indpd.?

  1. 8 D. 12

  2. 9 E. 13

  3. 11

36) According to the Declaration of Independence, the people have the right to alter or abolish a government if that

  1. becomes involved in entangling alliances.

  2. favors one religion over another.


  1. is a limited monarchy.

  2. violates natural rights.

37) Which fundamental political idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence?

  1. The government should guarantee every citizen economic security.

  2. The central government and state governments should have equal power.

  3. If the government denies its people certain basic rights, that government can be overthrown.

  4. Rulers derive their right to govern from God and are therefore bound to govern in the nation’s best interest.

  1. placed restrictions on trading.

  2. encouraged colonial manufacturing.

38) The British system of mercantilism was opposed by many American colonists because it

  1. placed quotas on immigration.

  2. discouraged the export of raw materials to England.

39) Which conclusion about the American Revolutionary War

is most clearly supported by information in this chart?

  1. England had few advantages in a war with her American


  1. The thirteen colonies had more advantages than

disadvantages upon entering the war.

  1. England did not believe that the thirteen colonies were

worth the expense of a war.

  1. The thirteen colonies had few, but important advantages in

the war with England.
40) . . . I challenge the warmest advocate [supporter] for reconciliation, to shew [show], a single advantage that

this continent can reap [gain], by being connected with Great Britain. I repeat the challenge, not a single

advantage is derived [acquired]. Our corn will fetch its price in any market in Europe, and our imported

goods must be paid for, buy them where we will. . . . — Thomas Paine, Common Sense, 1776 This speaker

is most likely opposed to

  1. mercantilism. C. direct democracy.

  2. capitalism. D. representative govt.

41) A major argument for American independence found in the Declaration of Independence was that the British

  1. stopped participating in the slave trade.

  2. refused to sell products to Americans.

  3. deprived Americans of their natural rights.

  4. censored American representatives in Parliament.

42) Which statement is most accurate about the movement for independence in the thirteen colonies?

  1. The independence movement began soon after the founding of the Plymouth Colony.

  2. Protests against British colonial policies gradually led to demands for independence.

  3. The King of England required the colonists to become economically self-sufficient.

  4. The movement for independence was equally strong in all of the colonies.

43) According to the Dec. of Indpd., the fundamental purpose of government is to

  1. protect people’s natural rights.

  2. equalize opportunities for all citizens.

  3. provide for the defense of the nation.

  4. establish a system of free public education.

44) One of the principles stated in the Declaration of Independence is that government should

  1. guarantee economic equality among citizens. C. be based upon the consent of the governed.

  2. have unlimited power to rule the people. D. be led by educated citizens.

45) The British benefited from their mercantilist relationship with the American colonies primarily by

  1. supporting the growth of colonial industries.

  2. prohibiting colonists from fishing and fur trading.

  3. taking large amounts of gold and silver from the southern colonies.

  4. buying raw materials from the colonies and selling them finished products.

46) The Declaration of Independence (1776) has had a major influence on peoples throughout the world because it

  1. guarantees universal suffrage .

  2. establishes a basic set of laws for every nation.

  3. provides justification for revolting against unjust governments.

  4. describes the importance of a strong central government.

1) Common Sense

2) Thomas Paine

41) C

42) B

43) A

44) C

45) D
46) C
3) loyalists

4) patriots

5) Ethan Allen

6) Green Mt. Boys

7) Continental Army

8) recruits

9) George Washington

10) Second Continental Congress

11) Olive Branch Petition

12) Fort Ticonderoga

13) Lake Champlain

14) Benedict Arnold

15) Hessians

16) Dorchester Heights

17) rebels

18) Declaration of Independence

19) Thomas Jefferson

20) inalienable/fundamental

21) grievances

22) John Hancock

23) Bunker Hill

24) William Prescott

25) Richard Henry Lee
26) E

27) E

28) E

29) E

30) D
31) D

32) E

33) D

34) C

35) E
36) B

37) C

38) C

39) D

40) A

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