Colonies to Independence Key People & Terms Mayflower Compact

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11th-U.S. History & Government Name _________________________________________
Colonies to Independence - Key People & Terms

  1. Mayflower Compact – a social contract in which the Pilgrims consented to be governed by a government that they created; it was the first plan for self-government and majority rule in the colonies

  1. Social Contract – An agreement by members of society to form a government and grant it permission to govern them; the government receives its authority from the consent of the governed

  1. Democracy – A system of government in which the people of society are the source of power

  1. Direct Democracy – A system of government in which all eligible citizens participate in governing

  1. Republic {Representative Democracy} – A system of government in which eligible citizens elect members of the society to govern

  1. House of Burgesses – The Colonies first representative lawmaking body, created in Virginia in 1619

  1. Bicameral Legislature – A two-house legislature; created so that each has their own role in making laws

  1. Salutary Neglect – The British ruling policy over the Colonies that allowed them to establish their own economies and local legislatures; The Colonies benefitted because they were granted a lot of freedom in self-government, and the British benefitted from the Colonies economic prosperity

  1. Mercantilism – An economic system in which colonies exist in order to benefit the “mother country”; Colonies provide the “mother country” both raw materials for production and markets to sell goods

  1. Triangular Trade – Trans-Atlantic trade from the 16th-18th centuries involving the Americas, Europe, and West Africa; colonies in the America’s provided cash crops, Europe manufactured goods, and Africa provided slaves

  1. Middle Passage – The voyage on slave ships from Africa to America; starvation, sickness, revolt, and death were common

  1. Cash Crop – crops grown to sell for profit rather than for food/nutrients. These include tobacco, cotton, sugar, indigo, coffee

  1. French & Indian War– (1756-1763) A conflict that began when Great Britain challenged the French for control of the land that is now Ohio and western Pennsylvania; the British and the colonists fought against the French and their Native American allies

  1. Proclamation line of 1763– a British law that prohibited colonial expansion west of the Appalachian Mountains

  1. Stamp Act– a British tax in the Colonies placed on all printed materials; this lead to boycotts by the colonists

  1. boycott – an organized refusal to buy or use a product or service as a form of protest or as a means to force them to take some action

  1. Boston Tea Party – Colonists protested the Tea Act by destroying three shiploads of British tea

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