After the uproar over the ____Stamp_______ ____Act____, Britain hoped to __avoid___ further ____conflict______. Even so, it still needed to _raise__ _money___ to pay for troops and other ___expenses_________ in America. The ___Quartering_________ Act was not working. Most of the British army was in ____New____ ___York______, and New York saw that as an unfair burden. Its assembly refused to pay to house the troops.
The king’s finance minister, ____Charles________ _____Townshend____, told Parliament that he had a way to raise revenue in the colonies. So in 1767, Parliament passed his plan, known as the ____Townshend_______ ____Acts______.
The first of the Townshend Acts __suspended_______ New York’s _____assembly__________ until New Yorkers agreed to _____provide_______ housing for the troops. The other acts placed __duties__, or _import__ ____taxes____, on various goods brought into the colonies, such as, ___glass_____, ___paper_____, ____paint___, ____lead_______, and tea. Townshend thought that duties, which were collected ____before_____ the goods entered the colonies, would __anger_____ the colonists less than the direct taxes of the Stamp Act. The money raised would be used to pay the __salaries______ of British governors and other __officials_______ in the colonies. To __enforce______ the acts, British officers would use ____writs______ _of__ ___assisstance________, or ___search__ ____warrants_____. to enter homes or businesses to search for _____smuggled_______ goods. The Reasons for Protest
Protests immediately broke out at news of the Townshend Acts. New Yorkers were _angry___ that their __elected____ assembly had been _____suspended_____. People throughout the colonies were upset that Britain was placing new taxes on them. “The issue,” said __John______ __Dickinson_____, an important Pennsylvania lawyer was “whether Parliament can ___legally_______ take ___money___ out of our __pockets_____ without our ___consent_____.” He explained his opposition to the Townshend Acts in essays called Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania published in 1767. What was the main idea that John Dickinson was trying to explain in A Voice From The Past?
John Dickinson was trying to explain that by taxing the colonies Britain was, in effect, taking away their property. This goes against their rights. The colonists were also __angry___ about the __writs_____ of___assisstance__________. Many believed, as James Otis had argued that the __writs_____ went against their ___natural___ __rights____. These rights had been described by English philosopher __John___ __Locke___ during the __Enlightenment________. The law of ___nature_____, said Locke, teaches that “_no_ _one__ ought to __harm____ another in his __life___, __health_____, ___liberty_____, or ____possessions_________.” The colonists felt that the Townshend Acts were a serious threat to their rights and freedoms. Tools of Protest
What did the colonists do to protest?
The colonists boycotted British goods. The Daughters of Liberty get colonial women to weave their own cloth and use American products.
The Boston Massacre Explain what you see in this engraving that appeared in the Boston Gazette: