Colonial government and the need for reform representative Government


Fils de la Liberté – Sons of Liberty



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Fils de la Liberté – Sons of Liberty).
- Church and Maritimes

-The Maritimes had a separate rebellion, led by Joseph Howe, but the Maritimes did not get involved in the mainland revolts


- The Church strongly urged their believers to stay British
- Short Rebellion
- Right as the rebellion began, an attempted arrest on Papineau sent him fleeing. A series of small battles ensued, with the Patriotes failing, and by December 1837, most rebellion leaders had been arrested. That marked the end of the rebellion in Lower Canada, although their legacy and thoughts remains alive in Quebec politics
- Upper Canada
- Mackenzie wanted a copycat of USA government democracy. However, others thought of USA as an enemy. Nevertheless, most people thought that the USA government was better than current circumstances
- Mackenzie spent most of his time training his rebels how to fight, and planning potential treason. However, Mackenzie had little battle experience, and was a poor planner…
- The first attack in Upper Canada was launched at York (Toronto), the capital of Upper Canada, after Governor Sir Francis Bond Head sent reinforcements to Lower Canada. Mackenzie thought he could capture York, and Governor Head, along with the weapons and ammunition. If the rebels’ demands were not met, Mackenzie reasoned, he would begin a new and independent government.
- For some reason, other radicals did not join Mackenzie on his raid, but Mackenzie went along anyway.
- Mackenzie led the raid in person, on a white horse, and he met a small group of militia under Sheriff Jarvis at Yonge Street. After the first rows shot, and dropped to reload (so they wouldn’t be hit by rear ranks), the rear ranks thought that they had been killed, and so the rear ranks fled back up Yonge Street. At Montgomery’s Tavern, Colonel Alan MacNab attacked rebels and defeated them. Mackenzie, disguised as a woman, fled to the United States. Although Mackenzie worked to keep the rebellion going, from the other side of the border, and although revolts continued until 1838, the Rebellions of 1837 were over.
AFTERMATH:
- Punishing the rebels
- The rebels expected little mercy from the British government. The law called for the death penalty for over 100 crimes, including insurrection. The British preferred


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