Colonial government and the need for reform representative Government



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American Republic
- Britain’s response

- In 1810, James Craig was appointed as governor. Craig was very anti-French, and he arrested any who criticized the government, and he also brought in English soldiers as an attempt to intimidate the French.


- Craig also shut down a reformist newspaper, the Canadien.
- There was a proposal (Union Proposal) to unite Upper and Lower Canada in 1822, which would have greatly diminished the French population. (Upper Canada was English), but that just further sparked the reformers.
- The Last Straw
- After British soldiers opened fire on protesters in Montreal in 1832, Papineau sent a “Ninety-Two Resolutionsto the governor, demanding a complete reform, and when the reply was “Ten Resolutions denying the Rights of the Assembly”, Papineau and the Patriotes openly declared rebellion.
- The Rebellions of 1837
- Upper Canada and Lower Canada’s reform leaders (Mackenzie and Papineau) kept in contact with each other sharing strategy and opinions. Although their goals differed, they always worked together
- As the Family Compact (Upper Canada) and the Chateau Clique (Lower Canada) could not be infiltrated, nor their powers compromised, Mackenzie and Papineau prepared for armed attacks.
- The rebellion leaders tried to coordinate their revolts, as Britain did not have enough troops to defend everywhere, however, the coordination did not work. The first rebellion broke out in Lower Canada, led by radicals of the American Revolution (


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