Horizons Textbook Chapter 1 Notes
COLONIAL GOVERNMENT AND THE NEED FOR REFORM
Representative Government:A government that elected people (representatives) make laws and decisions on the general public’s behalf.
Responsible Government: These types of government can be “voted out” or overthrown if the majority of the people are displeased with the government.
Democratic Government: A type of government that is both representative and responsible.
Colonial Government (In British North America):Was an oligarchy, in which a small group of rich or high-ranking men held all power. Britain did appoint a governor, which was supposed to control the small group of rich or high-ranking men, but in fact, the governor went with whatever the group decided. The aristocrat governor had more similarities with the oligarchy than the lower-ranking public, and tended to side with the oligarchy.
- Constitutional Act of 1791 was created by Parliament of Great Britain to repair some parts of the previous Acts, such as the Quebec Act. Also, it divided New England into Upper Canada and Lower Canada. The Constitutional Act also created