Cold War & Modern World Test

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Cold War & Modern World Test

  1. Which of the following would be the best title for a book about the last half of the 20th century?

Democracy Rising

  1. What factors aided the spread of communism in Eastern Europe following World War II?

presence of Soviet troops in Germany

  1. Which policy was articulated by the TrumanDoctrine in the late 1940s?


4. Give 3 examples of the Cold War becoming "hot":

A. Cuban Missile Crisis

B. Berlin Blockade

C. Korean Conflict
5. - Became familiar with the Bolshevik movement in 1919 in France

- Was a dedicated follower of V.I. Lenin

- Became the leader of the Vietnamese Communist movement

Who is described above?

Ho Chi Minh

6. After World War II, West Germany : __________ :: East Germany : ______________.

capitalism, communism
7. Give 3 reasons that Mao Zedong and the communists were successful with their revolution:

A. Mao appealed to the poor peasants in the countryside.

B. The Nationalists were unable to stop China's economic decline.

C. The Nationalists only had control over a few provinces in the Yangtze valley.
8. Who is credited with speaking out frequently against communism and was the intended victim of an assassination plot that was widely believed to be sponsored by the KGB?

John Paul II
9. Mass murders destroy diversity and other cultural resources. For example, __________ decimation of Cambodia's educated classes surely did severe damage to Cambodia's culture.

Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge

10. Cause : Effect :: ____________________ : the Breakup of the Soviet Union.

11. - Pol Pot

- Gorbachev

- Mao Zedong

Who else might belong on this list?

A. Fidel Castro

B. Leonid Brezhnev

C. Ho Chi Minh
12. Which person is credited with the European Recovery Act and received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts?

George Marshall

13. Why was Taiwan an issue in the visit to China?

Taiwan considers itself the legal government of China.
14. The Nixon visit to China and later the Soviet Union led to what occurance?

an era of détente
15. How did Nixon feel after his visit in China?

he hoped for a relationship with China in the future
16. What factor is present in both the current clash between Israel and Palestine and the resolution of South African apartheid?

one side held power, while the other felt anger and helplessness
17. Mother Teresa : ______________ ::Desmond Tutu : ______________.

India, South Africa
18. Which South American nation would most closely compare with the United States economically and politically?

19. What advice would Mohandas Gandhi give to the Palestinians in their struggle with Israel?

resist without violence
20. One of the few women who has left a mark on the history of South America is Eva Peron. Which country did she influence?

21. In which nation has had recent cases of oppression and genocide against its people?


22. When in history was there a time comparable to today’s struggle between religions for the control of Jerusalem?

Middle Ages
23. Why were the Straits of Hormuz in the Middle East important?

They control the entry into the Persian Gulf.
24. In Iraq, what did the U.S.hope to see evolve?

25. What is Gandhi’s method of protest?

He used passive resistance as a way to resist political oppression
26. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was initially formed to –

defend Western Europe from Soviet aggression
27. What was a significant social change Mao Zedong brought to China after 1949?

eliminating wealthy landowners
28. What was one reason British India was divided into two nations in 1947?

Many Hindus and Muslims preferred to live in separate states

29. What was Kwame Nkrumah pushing for in Africa?

independence from colonial rule
30. What was a reason for the collapse of Communist command economies at the end of the twentieth century?

Central planners failed to predict national needs as efficiently as a free-market system
31. What was a long-term effect of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979?

Pressures increased for changes within the Soviet Union
32. How did the outcome of World War II contribute to the rise of the Cold War?

The U.S. and Soviet Union emerged as Superpowers

33. What is a negative outcome of China’s Cultural Revolution?

the oppression of political prisoners during the Cultural Revolution
34. The boundaries of newly independent African countries were often based on –

divisions imposed under European imperialism

35. A major goal of the Hutu-led regime in Rwanda in 1994 was to –

eliminate the Tutsi minority
36. A major reason for the outbreak of conflict between Arabs and Israelis was that in 1948 both groups-

claimed sovereignty over the same land
37. The rise of radical Islamic Fundamentalism after the 1979 Iranian Revolution has brought about –

an increase in incidents of global terrorism

38. Treatment of Armenians by Ottoman Turks during World War I and the Serb treatment of Muslims in Yugoslavia in the 1990s both provide examples of –

attempted genocide
39. Which of the following has been an important impact of globalization?

Producers often make parts of an item in different countries to lower costs.
40. Which woman was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize for her work in caring for the poor and homeless people living on the streets of India?

Mother Teresa

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