Clio’s Notes: Establishing America: 1609-1865 The Period’s Noteworthy Trends 1. By the 1600s English-speaking people came to the American colonies in large numbers. They brought with them language, customs, and political beliefs that left a permanent mark.
3. Americans established their own colonial governments. Most were democratic in nature. These governments had to answer to the King of England and to others in England (investors, for example), but self-rule was rooted early.