Classical civilizations



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6th Grade Sample Assessment Questions for Unit 4

CLASSICAL CIVILIZATIONS

Conceptual Lens: CITIZENSHIP, CULTURE, GOVERNMENTAL SYSTEMS, ORDER

Essential Standards: C&G.1.1, C&G.1.3, C&G.1.4, C.1.3, C.1.1
ssential Standard C&G.1.1


  1. Important long-term contributions of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations are primarily found in the area of

  1. military technology

  2. religious doctrine

  3. economic policy and planning

  4. government and law




  1. The ancient Athenians are credited with

  1. inventing and using the wheel

  2. eliminating slavery

  3. establishing governments that had democratic elements

  4. inventing the printing press




  1. A totalitarian state

  1. has many political parties

  2. has freedom of speech and press

  3. controls most parts of a person's life

  4. is voluntarily supported by all the people




  1. Which is true for both Athens and Sparta?

  1. Both emphasized the military.

  2. Both were city-states.

  3. Both produced great art.

  4. Both worshiped one god.




  1. After the western Roman Empire fell to Germanic invaders in the 5th century A.D., the eastern part of the empire eventually became known as the

  1. Byzantine Empire

  2. Carthaginian Empire

  3. Islamic Empire

  4. Persian Empire



  1. Which is true for both Athens and Sparta?

  1. Both emphasized the military.

  2. Both were city-states.

  3. Both produced great art.

  4. Both worshiped one god.




  1. Two outstanding contributions of Rome to civilization were in

  1. literature and medicine

  2. painting and drama

  3. engineering and law

  4. music and military tactics




  1. I became the undisputed master of the Roman Empire around 49 BC. This was the beginning of a reign of reforms in the Roman society and government. I proclaimed myself a dictator for life. Who am I?

  1. Julius Caesar

  2. Euclid

  3. Charlemagne

  4. Aristotle

Answer questions 9-10 by reading the passage and quote below.

Anacharsis of Greece

Anacharsis was a Greek who traveled through the land during the 6th century BC. He gained wisdom from his observations. He once said, "Written laws are like spider's webs; they will catch the weak and poor, but would be torn in pieces by the rich and powerful



  1. What is the meaning of this quote from Anacharsis?

  1. Laws can be corrupted by the wealthy.

  2. Ancient dirt roads were built by poor people.

  3. The poor write the best laws.

  4. Without laws, there can be no wisdom.

  1. According to the quote, how did Anacharsis become wise?

  1. He read fairy tales from Plato.

  2. He traveled the land and watched carefully.

  3. He prayed for wisdom about mankind.

  4. He was given information from wealthy people.

  1. A political leader during the Roman Empire was called

  1. a king

  2. a mayor

  3. a commissioner

  4. an emperor

Essential Standard C&G.1.3


  1. In a comparison of the ancient cities of Athens and Sparta, Sparta placed more emphasis on

  1. education

  2. military service

  3. family order

  4. human rights




  1. I was one of the most influential military commanders in history. I conquered most of the world known to the ancient Greeks and never lost a battle. I lived during the period 356 to 323 BC. The drawing shows me listening to my famous teacher. Who am I?

  1. Genghis Khan

  2. Alexander the Great

  3. Marco Polo

  4. Julius Caesar




  1. Which describes a government that controls many territories and people?

  1. a democracy

  2. a civilization

  3. a village

  4. an empire

  1. The Spartans of ancient Greece were notable for their

  1. democratic government

  2. disciplined lifestyle and military skills

  3. rejection of slavery

  4. sponsorship of the arts and literature




  1. By 300 BC, this location boasted of being a democracy, with citizens elected by councils, running the court system and participating as judges and jury. Yet, this same system had slaves. Also, most women could not take part in government. Where was this?

  1. Sparta

  2. Athens

  3. Rome

  4. Constantinople

Essential Standard C&G.1.4


  1. A major reason for the decline of the Roman Empire was

  1. a series of military defeats in Africa

  2. political corruption and the instability of the government

  3. the abolition of slavery throughout the Empire

  4. continued acceptance of traditional religions




  1. After the fall of Rome, the eastern portion of the Roman Empire became known as the

  1. Persian Empire

  2. Byzantine Empire

  3. Mongol Empire

  4. Gupta Empire

Answer questions 19-20 by reading the quote below.

A Quote from Aristotle

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher. He lived between 384 - 322 BC. He once said that all art, all investigation and every human pursuit or undertaking seems to aim at some good. He also said that 'the good' is that at which all things aim. He applied this idea to government. He explained that "The good of man must be the purpose of politics."



  1. Which statement about Aristotle is not supported by the passage?

  1. He was Greek.

  2. He was a philosopher.

  3. He lived over 2,300 years ago.

  4. He was a scientist.




  1. What is the main idea of Aristotle's quote?

  1. The aim of good government should be the protection of the people.

  2. Scientists should be politicians.

  3. Philosophers make the best politicians.

  4. Art and music are very important to good government.


Answer questions 21-23 by reading the passage below.

The Decline of the Roman Empire

Historians debate why the Roman Empire came to an end. They explain it could have been due to weak emperors, plagues and disease, or lack of government participation by the people. Weak emperors could have caused political confusion. Plagues and diseases spread among some parts of the population. Less participation in government by the upper classes in political and economic decisions may have meant they were becoming lazy and more interested in relaxation or leisure. The empire was strongest when people were making great achievements in art, architecture, math and science. Near the end of the Roman Empire, these intellectual thoughts had diminished.



  1. What statement is NOT correct according to this passage?

  1. A civilization can only survive with good scientists and little else is important.

  2. Art and science are keys to a strong civilization.

  3. Good political leadership maintains order in a civilization.

  4. Plagues or disease can weaken a civilization.




  1. The main idea of this passage is

  1. to explain the fall of the Roman Empire

  2. to detail the strengths of Roman civilization

  3. to argue that the Roman Empire was superior to Greek civilization

  4. to explain the reason for plagues in the late Roman Empire




  1. The word "prevalent" means

  1. scarce

  2. widespread

  3. detailed

  4. noticeable

Essential Standard C.1.3


  1. Which societal condition was basic to the development of Greek philosophy and Renaissance art?

  1. rigid social classes

  2. emphasis on individualism

  3. religious uniformity

  4. mass education


Essential Standard C.1.1


  1. Which of the following statements is a FACT, not an opinion, about ancient Rome?

  1. Julius Caesar brought about the end of the Roman Empire.

  2. Roman law was superior to Mesopotamian law.

  3. Roman engineers built aqueducts that lasted for more than 1000 years.

  4. The PaxRomana improved life in the Mediterranean region




  1. To what country would someone travel to see the Parthenon on the Acropolis?

  1. Greece

  2. Italy

  3. Turkey

  4. Israel




  1. When a culture becomes highly complex, such as the Greek and Roman cultures, it is usually called

  1. a civilization

  2. a village

  3. a government

  4. a cult

Historian Edward Gibbon described second-century A.D. Rome as a time when the human race was most happy and prosperous. Arnold Toynbee describes the same period as one of stalemate and stagnation.



  1. The two statements by these famous historians show that

  1. history repeats itself

  2. true historians must disagree just to be different

  3. history can be interpreted in different ways

  4. civilizations which lacked written language will have differing interpretations

  1. The word “aqueduct” is used to describe the movement of water through a stone canal. In what location would you find aqueducts before 1000 AD?

  1. Paris, France

  2. St. Petersburg, Russia

  3. London, England

  4. Rome, Italy




  1. An “amphitheater” is an open-air, usually circular theater. These theatres would have been found in which of the following locations around 300 BC?

  1. Greece and Rome

  2. England and France

  3. France and Egypt

  4. Spain and Portugal




  1. The time period referred to as Hellenistic occurred

  1. before the time of the Ancient Greeks

  2. after the Middle Ages in Western Europe

  3. at the same time as the early days of the Roman Republic

  4. at the same time as the early days of the Italian Renaissance




  1. Hellenistic culture is most closely associated with

  1. Greece

  2. Italy

  3. England

  4. France




  1. Which person in the chart is being referred to by the following statement?

In addition to being a mathematician, he is also credited with designing a number of machines.

  1. Archimedes

  2. Euclid

  3. Eratosthenes

  4. Zeno



  1. The following question should be answered in a complete paragraph. This paragraph should have an introduction sentence that states your claim, a body with 2-3 sentences that supports your claim and a conclusion sentence.

Historians have differing views on which ancient cultures were the most significant to the growth of the United States. We have just studied Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Which of these ancient cultures do you feel has had the greatest significance on our contemporary culture?

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