Classical antiquity


CARDO or VIA PRINCIPALIS) N



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CARDO or VIA PRINCIPALIS) N to S (First Main Street)
DECUMANUS E to W (Second Main Street) These two principal crossroads formed the basis of the internal layout of the Roman camp plan. Minor residential streets would further subdivide the 4 quarters of the plan into individual building blocks (insulae). The Gates Situated at the four meeting points between the two main streets and the urban walls i.e. one gate in the centre of each side of the plan
Porta Principalis Sinistra
(N)
Porta Principalis Dextra
(S)
Porta Praetoria
(E)
Porta Decumana
(W) The Major Buildings and Spaces Note Porta Principalis Dextra and Sinistra are, incorrectly, inverted on the plan

Page 5 The castrum system of town design provided a simple and well - organized framework for the location of various Roman Buildings. At, or near the centre were the Forum
(open square + colonnades) the Capitol Public Offices
(Quaestorium, Praetorium) the Basilica
(Hall used for public meetings and as law courts) temples) library
(sometimes)



Plan of the city of TRIER
during the Roman Empire

Page 6
Castrum Plan of VERONA
late st century BC
(Ward-Perkins) The CANABAE or 'suburbs' The unplanned civilian settlements which invariably spring up outside the gates of the camp or castrum, specifically along main exist routes. These ultimately become towns/cities in their own right or are absorbed within the urban boundaries of the existing city e.g. CARNUNTUM on the Danube.


Plan of City of Como of 1858

Page 7

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