Classical antiquity


Development of Building and Planning Styles



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Development of Building and Planning Styles
1. At beginning, Rome draws freely on the Greek and Etruscan planning heritage.

Page 2 2. Subsequently, it evolves into ab colonial style within Italy.
3. Then into ab military planning style
in the provinces which had been conquered. Activity in provinces acquaints Rome with achievements of other civilizations e.g. Greek, Hellenistic.
4. Influence of foreign planning led to the more monumental style of planning during the Roman Empire.
Note: The purely Roman planning contribution, however, is rather modest it is limited only to the Castrum Romanum with its regular layout and including the two characteristically Roman elements the Capitol and the Forum.

The Mediterranean World in 265 BC.





THE CASTRUM ROMANUM

Page 3


Two Roman camps along the Danube
each became the nucleus of a later, important city : RATISBON and VIENNA
(
Benevolo)
"Together with the Etruscan and the later Roman rules of founding cities, the castrum plan
provided the basis of Roman Planning.

Page 4 All new, planned Roman towns, either of temporary or permanent intention, were laid out in the form of the legionary camp plan. At first, the need for planning was almost exclusively a military one all Roman towns and cities were symbols of Rome's presence, and were subordinate to the city of Rome itself.


Plan of atypical Roman Military Camp
1
:
Castrum Romanum

The elements of the Castrum Plan are The Wall The Principal Streets

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