Class Notes, Early Art and Science
Third Hour
Pythagoras
Pythagoras was born in Greece and lived in Samos. He lived from 580500 B.C. He is a very important figure for developing mathematics. The school of Pythagoras had special rules some of which were:

Not to eat beans

Not to pick up what has fallen

Not to touch a white roster

Not to stir fire with iron

Not to look in a mirror beside light
He died at the age of eighty.
The Pythagorean Theorem is: A^2+B^2=C^2 Where “C” is equal to the length of the hypotenuse of a triangle and “A”and “B” are the lengths of the legs interchangeably.
Euclid
Euclid was born in about 325 B.C., amd he died in Alexandria, Egypt, where he lived, in about 265 B.C. We don't know much about the life of Euclid, but we do know of many accomplishments that were made by him. He taught Geometry and he made mathematical discoveries. Euclid created a type of math called Euclidian Geometry and wrote various papers about math. He influenced the lives of both people now and back when he was alive by sharing his knowledge in many different ways. Some people called him the “Father of Geometry.” Euclid was very famous and wellknown during the time when he was living.
He helped Greek society by teaching them different mathematical principles. He wrote a book called The Elements, where he taught Geometry as well as other math. It was very popular in Euclid's time. Today, we are still studying Geometry, and using many of the principles that Euclid created, studied, and taught. He taught about prime numbers, proofs, and number theory. He also taught different kinds of arithmetic. To sum it all up, Euclid was the base of the Geometry that we have today.
Sophocles
Sophocles was born around 496 BC in Attica, which is now Athens, and died around 406 BC in Athens. There are many theories of how he died, including choking on grapes. It is also believed that he died from happiness after winning a final victory, or trying to recite a long sentence without pausing for breath. Sophocles was a playwright and actor.
Throughout his life, Sophocles wrote over one hundred plays. At the age of about twentyeight, he defeated Aeschylus in a drama competition. Sophocles had the most awards in those competitions in Athens. Early in his career, Sophocles was influenced by Aeschylus. However, later in his life, Sophocles influenced Aeschylus. Sophocles was a good sport. His rival between Euripides, a competitor, was friendly. When Euripides died, Sophocles wore black and mourned for him.
Besides being a playwright, Sophocles was a politician, an artist, and a military leader. He was elected into a high military position twice in Athens.
Seven of Sophocles' plays are still performed today: Antigone, Oedipus Tyrannus (Oedipus the King), Electra, Ajax, Trachiniae (Maidens of Trachis), Philoctetes, and Oedipus at Colonus. By many scholars, Sophocles is considered the greatest of the Greek tragedians. They also think that he was the perfect balance between Aeschylus' symbolism and Euripides' realism. He changed the way theatres acted, then and now.
Socrates
Socrates was born in Athens, about 469 B.C. In May or June. He died 399 B.C he was 71. He committed suicide, by taking Hemlock. (He made himself a cup o' tea, and he drank it) He was apparently very unattractive, and short, he got married and had three sons. Apparently, no one is really sure what Socrates did to work. Ancient texts indicated they he might not have been a working man. He devoted himself to discussing philosophy.
He made the famous quote, “Know Thyself” encouragement. He was known as the wisest man alive at the time. Socrates counciled people and help them to not be ignorant. He believed that no one willingly does wrong.
He wanted people to realize that they were important, and they knew answers to questions by looking within themselves.
Explain how their actions have Socrates's has helped us develop the skill to listen and understand and know that we can answer our own questions, we just have to think. He liked to ask challenging questions, and make people think. This is called the Socrates's Method. It is used all over the U.S. Today.
“Socrates habit of engaging in discussion with the citizens of Athens ultimately led to his demise. The parents of the young aristocrats did not like the influence Socrates was having on their children. He was charged with lack of piety and corruption of the city's youth. He was found guilty and sentenced to death. He died in 399 BCE after drinking hemlock poison.”
Aristotle
Aristotle was born in 384 B.C. In the country of Greece. He was born in the state of Macedonia, in the town of Stagiria, which is not there today. He was a philosopher, author, teacher, and scientist and understood it like no one else before him. He was a student of the famous Plato. He lived in Greece all his life and he was centered in Athens. Aristotle is famous for 323 B.C. Alexander the Great died, one of Aristotle pupils, and was leader of Athens. He had changed the Athenian Democracy, to a proMacedonian government. The people didn't like it and once he died they revolted and they changed it back to the original government. They drove out the people who were friendly to Alexander the Great, which one of these was Aristotle. He left from Athens to escape persecution to Chalcis in Euboea, which is in Greece but off on an island. He then later died a year later on the island from a stomach illness.
Aristotle had many great accomplishments. He wrote at least 170 books, 47 have survived today. He studied science ranging from Astronomy to Zoology. He proofed that the universe was not controlled by magic, but by a set of laws which could be discovered to guide humans behavior. He was considered as the greatest philosopher at that time and he wrote books on psychology, theology, and economics. He also studied ethics, politics, aesthetics, and metaphysics. Aristotle also believed strong in Democracy. He said this favorite quote several times, “Man is by nature a political animal,” he said. “The basis of a democratic state is liberty. If liberty and equality are chiefly found in democracy, they will be best attained when all persons alike share in government to the utmost.” These things helped create new thinking and also contributed to Greek society. Many of his studies are used today. He is known as the father of logic and he helped men from then until now use logical reasoning. He created a plan based on logic that was used for 2,000 years after his death. His scientific research was sophisticated for that time. From all of this, we can tell that Aristotle was a brilliant man.
Archimedes
Archimedes was born in Syracuse Italy about 287 BC. He studied in Eygpt and was a great mathematician and scientist. Archimedes probably died in 212 or 211 BC in Syracuse. He was killed by a Roman soldier who didn't even know him.
Accomplishments and Influences
Archimedes studied hydrostatics, static mechanics, and pycnometry. He also wrote nine major works including Quadrature of the Parabola, On the Sphere and cylinder and On Floating Bodies. Archimedes was numbered as one of the best mathematicians of his time along with Isaac Newton and Carl Friedrich Gauss. He influenced people of his time by helping other scientists and mathematicians of his time in making new discoveries.
Contributions to Greek Society
Archimedes came up with many basic principles of math and science. In physics one of his greatest advances is probably the idea of hydrostatics. In math he figured out how to find the area of the parabola and came up with a volume formula for surfaces of revolution as well as an approximation of pi.
Influence on our Actions Today
Well, without Archimedes we probably would not have to do as much math and science. Maybe we would not have to learn about parabolas! We use many of Archimedes principles of math and science today. For example in math class I am learning about parabolas thousands of years later. Many tools we have use levers, just to name a few; staplers, nail clippers, and wheelbarrows. Overall Archimedes was a genius who came up with many great inventions and mathematical and scientific principles.
Plato
Plato was born in about 427 B.C. (actual date is not known) in the city of Athens and died in the same city on about 347 B.C. (also not known). He was one of the most important writers in the Western world, was also a Greek philosopher, thinker, and educator, who is still known by people today. He wrote a lot about the philosophies and life of the man Socrates, who's philosophies are know today.
His dialogues, a form of writing where people are talking, he wrote his as drama's and is a prose writing that is still read by people, such as his The Republic, The Laws, and The Apology. He also started a school of philosophy called the Academy in it he taught well known philosophers such as Aristotle. Plato influenced Greek society by his school, and his writings.
He influences us today by his thoughts of democracy, and by his philosophy of ethics, by how all humans want happiness, but sometimes do things that keep them from getting it. Also he explained that being virtuous produces happiness.
Hippocrates
Hippocrates, also known as the father of medicine, was born around 460 B.C. and died in 380 B.C. He studied medicine on the island of Cos in Greece. We know as much as we do about medicine because of his efforts. At that time people believed that magic and witchcraft could treat any illness, he proved them wrong with his theory that illness was a natural thing and it could be further studied and in some cases cured. We truly would not have the advanced medicine we have now without him.
Alexander the Great
Alexander The Great' was a nickname given to Alexander Makedonon. He was born in late July, 365 BC in Pella, Macedonia. Right from his birth his life was unusal and different compared to other boys of his time. His parents were a King and a Princess. He was a very ambitious young boy, and as he grew, his ambitions grew bigger and bigger, until he wanted to CONQUER THE WORLD!
At the age of 16, he became the leader of an army for his country. His power grew greater and greater as his ambition did, and by the time he was 20, he had reconquered Greece and other countries that had revolted after his dad died. His ambition to become leader of the world wasn't too far off! He managed to have control of most of the civilized world for that time period, apart from Rome. At the age of 33, he died from an illness, and countries that he had taken over started coming back and having power over themselves.
Fifth Hour
Pythagoras
Pythagoras was born in Greece and lived in Samos. He lived from 580500 B.C. He is a very important figure for developing mathematics. The school of Pythagoras had special rules some of which were:

Not to eat beans

Not to pick up what has fallen

Not to touch a white roster

Not to stir fire with iron

Not to look in a mirror beside light
He died at the age of eighty.
The Pythagorean Theorem is: A^2+B^2=C^2 Where “C” is equal to the length of the hypotenuse of a triangle and “A”and “B” are the lengths of the legs interchangeably.
Euclid
Euclid was born about 325 B.C. And died in 265 B.C. In Alexandria, Egypt. Euclid wrote a book about math called, The Stoicheia or Elements. This book was thirteen volumes and included facts on geometry and other math equations and facts.One of the great accomplishments in Euclid's life is that he founded a school of mathematics.
Today he has influenced the ways of math. The has made probably the foundation of astronomy. Influenced the ways of math. The has made probably the foundation of astronomy. He has influenced also all of the normal building bases.
Accomplishments in Euclid's life is that he founded a school of mathematics.
His book that he wrote sold more copies than any book, other than the Bible.
He discovered that if 2+2 are added together, the sum is 4. This is an equal number. He made up the right angle, triangle idea! 2+2 are added together, the sum is 4. This is an equal number. He made up the right angle, triangle idea! He also made up geometric shapes.The people in Euclid's time know learned how to structure buildings correctly. Euclid's time know learned how to structure buildings correctly.
Sophocles
Sophocles was born in 496 B.C. and died in 406 B.C. He was born in Colonus Hippius. (Athens) This is were we figure he lived his whole life because there was no information about him living anywhere else. He was a writer of various plays in his time. He wrote over 120 plays and over 90 bits and pieces of them have survived and have been put into modern plays of our time. Seven complete plays of his have survived to our time. He was a play writer/ choir maestro for his job for twelve years. Some of the great accomplishments he had were writing over 120. He won 18 first prizes for his play writing. In addition to writing his plays he was a priest of Alcon and Asclepius. At least three of his plays are considered master pieces in our time. He grately influenced the world of drama, adding a third actor to plays.
Sophocles greatly influenced his society because it helped other ones understand the struggles that Greece had gone through to get to were they were.The people of Greece could better understand their culture through his plays. Plays today are now changed because of Sophocles. He added a third actor to them, so the chorus and plot aren’t focused on as much as the actual play.
Socrates
Socrates was born in Athens, not earlier than 471 B.C., but not later than May or June 469 B.C. He died in 339 B.C. Because he was accused of “...firstly, of denying the gods recognized by the state and introducing new divinities, and, secondly, of corrupting the young.” He lived in Athens and was a philosopher who was known for developing the ideas of morality and logic. Morality dealt what is right and wrong and Logic dealt with how to help people deal with their everyday problems. He had a great influence on the young people of Athens, which, in the end was one of the things that condemned him. He contributed to Greek society greatly through his developing of the ideas of morality and logic. We learn his math theories even today in school. We also gained a firm foundation for further studies of space.
Aristotle
Aristotle lived in Stagira state of Macedonina in northern Greece. He was born in the year 384 B.C. And died in 322 B.C. What kinds of work did they perform during their life? He wrote 170 books 47 which survived he an expert in every field of science from astronomy to zoology. He invented a branch of philosophy of theory of logic. He contributed to the concept of a democratic government. He based much of his philosophy on the golden rule. His works were translated in to many languages, he was an influence Thomas Jefferson in mid evil times most people didn't look for more knowledge. Aristotle influences our democratic government, our rational thinking, his studies in biology such as the inside of a chicken egg. Also he discovered how parents genes affect their children's genes.
Archimedes
Plato
Hippocrates
Hippocrates was born on the Agean island of Cos. thats just off the coast of Ionian near Halicarnassus of Greek in about 460 BC. He died in Larissa, Greece in about 377 BC. As he grew up he began an interest in being a doctor. Later on he became one then his peoples nicknamed him Asclepiades meaning “god of doctor” and that put him in the same family line as the hero “Hercules.”
He was the son of Heracleides and Praxithea, of who where very wealthy, and because of their wealth he was able have nine years of education. Some of Hippocrates many accomplishments were he helped heal the king of Macedonia of a disease called tuberculosis which is a disease of the lungs.
Hippocrates was important in his time because he helped and healed many people. Hippocrates influenced our time today by his recording in his journal and in his works. We took what he knew and combined it with what we know, and what we soon found out and then we came up with what we have today. Hippocrates used many herbs in his healing which made him so good and he got paid well other then the priests doctors that had not clue to what they were doing.
Alexander the Great
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