Civil War Test Study Guide Multiple Choice



Download 56.75 Kb.
Date20.04.2016
Size56.75 Kb.
#13510
Civil War Test Study Guide

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. Which federal garrison in Georgia was captured by Confederate forces within weeks of Lincoln’s inauguration?

a.

Fort Oglethorpe

b.

Fort Clinch

c.

Fort Sumter

d.

Fort Pulaski

2. Toward the end of the Civil War, both the South and the North forced men to go into battle using the process of



a.

conscription.

b.

enlistment.

c.

volunteerism.

d.

subscription.

3. Which statement does not describe an advantage of the Union forces during the Civil War?



a.

The North had a “standing,” or established, army and navy.

b.

The North had heavy railroad tracks and more miles of track.

c.

The North had many more factories that could produce war materials.

d.

The North had home-field advantage because most battles were fought in their states.

4. The “March to the Sea,” which devastated much of Georgia on a path from Atlanta to Savannah, was led by which Union commander?



a.

Gen. William T. Sherman

b.

Gen. William S. Rosecrans

c.

Gen. Ulysses S. Grant

d.

Gen. John M. Schofield

5. Which American document led to the freedom of over four million slaves in the United States?



a.

The Declaration of War

b.

The Slavery Proclamation

c.

The Emancipation Proclamation

d.

The Civil Rights Declaration

6. Most of the Civil War battles fought in Georgia took place in



a.

1861.

b.

1862.

c.

1863.

d.

1864.

7. After the Civil War, the commander of the Andersonville Prison was



a.

awarded a Medal of Recognition for his attempts to improve horrid prison conditions.

b.

promoted to head the investigative teams examining POW camps in the North and South.

c.

executed for allowing excessive cruelty at the Andersonville Prison.

d.

convicted of war crimes and sentenced to life in prison.

8. During the Civil War, which condition did not create a hardship for civilians in the South?



a.

Children who did not attend school worked in factories or on farms.

b.

Medical supplies were in short supply.

c.

There were no replacement parts to repair broken manufacturing equipment.

d.

General farm supplies were difficult to obtain.

9. Which woman, who served as a nurse in the Civil War, went on to establish the American Red Cross after the war?



a.

Mary Boykin Chesnut

b.

Clara Barton

c.

Phoebe Pember

d.

Dorothea Dix

10. Which role was not typical of southern women during the Civil War?



a.

Publishing books and magazine articles about the war and this period of history

b.

Working as nurses

c.

Maintaining family farms and businesses

d.

Raising money for the war effort

11. Why did General William T. Sherman attack the civilian infrastructure between Atlanta and Savannah?



a.

To force Georgia troops to return home to defend Georgia

b.

To punish the South for seceding from the Union and forming the Confederacy

c.

To retaliate for lives lost in the battle for Atlanta

d.

To end civilian support for the war effort and shorten the war

12. Which battle, the first of the war, forced President Lincoln’s hand and made him prepare Union troops for war?



a.

Battle of Fort Pulaski, Georgia

b.

Battle of Fort Sumter, South Carolina

c.

Battle of Fort Jefferson, Florida

d.

Battle of Fort Pickens, Florida

13. Why did the South absolutely have to keep its ports open and operational during the Civil War?



a.

It had to ship cotton to Great Britain and France in exchange for supplies and arms.

b.

It was dependent upon the millions of dollars made by privateers to support the war effort.

c.

Its only source of transportation was naval boats, and it needed ports for the navy.

d.

All of the major cities of the Confederacy were port cities.

14. Which major Civil War battle resulted in the most casualties on both sides?



a.

Battle of Chickamauga

b.

Battle of Stone’s River

c.

Battle of Manassas

d.

Battle of Gettysburg

15. Which Union tactic caused the most damage to the South’s economy during the Civil War?



a.

Gaining control of the ports on the Mississippi River

b.

Dividing southern forces in half and isolating the Deep South

c.

Establishing blockades of southern seaports

d.

Destroying Atlanta and much of Georgia on Sherman’s “March to the Sea”

16. The border states that remained in the Union during the Civil War were



a.

Texas, Arkansas, Kentucky, and West Virginia.

b.

Delaware, Maryland, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.

c.

Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Kentucky.

d.

Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri.








17. Which role was not performed by women during the Civil War?



a.

Running factories, farms, and businesses

b.

Serving as spies

c.

Commanding units of Confederate forces

d.

Serving as nurses


18. According to the data, what was the percentage of fatalities suffered by the Union Army?



a.

Almost 58 percent of the total fatalities

b.

Almost 75 percent of the total fatalities

c.

Almost 35 percent of the total fatalities

d.

Almost 90 percent of the total fatalities

19. Based on the data, what was the percentage of fatalities suffered by the Confederate Army?



a.

Almost 25 percent

b.

Almost 42 percent

c.

Almost 65 percent

d.

Almost 74 percent


20. Why did the Union blockade shown in the map go as far north as Delaware?



a.

Delaware traded with the South.

b.

Delaware was the location of the Union naval base.

c.

Delaware was a southern state.

d.

Delaware was a border state that had some sympathy for the South.

21. What was the purpose of the blockade shown in the map?



a.

To cut off southern trade

b.

To keep the Confederate navy in port

c.

To frighten the Confederate civilians

d.

To keep slaves from escaping


For questions 22-50, mark “A” if the statement represents the Union, or mark “B” if the statement represents the Confederacy.


  1. Seceded from the United States

  2. Larger navy

  3. Smaller free population

  4. White population was extremely supportive of the war

  5. Public opinion was divided over the war

  6. More resources

  7. Better banking system to fund the war

  8. Heavily dependent upon cotton and tobacco crops

  9. Larger, more efficient railway system

  10. Less than ½ the railway system

  11. Military leadership was superior

  12. Wore navy blue uniforms

  13. Wore gray uniforms

  14. Fighting for their way of life

  15. Fighting on familiar territory

(“A” for Union, “B” for Confederacy)

  1. Would have to invade and hold the enemy

  2. More factories to produce needed supplies

  3. Strong belief in States’ Rights



Essay Questions - Use a separate piece of paper to answer ONE of the following completely in essay structure.

B1. How did the role of women change during the Civil War?

B2. Why is Andersonville Prison considered one of the great atrocities of the Civil War?

B3. Why were the Border States important, and what was the dilemma Lincoln faced with respect to them?

Download 56.75 Kb.

Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2023
send message

    Main page