Civil War Study Guide Make sure to study all other papers that were given to you during the Civil War Unit

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Civil War Study Guide

***** Make sure to study all other papers that were given to you during the Civil War Unit.*********

What are the four main reasons that divided the nation, and lead to the civil war?

  1. ____constitutional __ b) _Economic___ c) _cultural _____ d) _slavery_____

  1. What was the result of the Compromise of 1820? Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state, a Temporary fix.

  1. What was result of the 1850 Compromise? California was added to the Union as a free state. Stronger fugitive slave laws. Southwest territories would decide about slavery (Utah and New Mexico Territories are open to slavery). The result was a temporary fix with a more complex balance.

  1. What was the result of the Kansas- Nebraska Act? People in each state would decide the slavery issue (“popular sovereignty”).Bloodshed in Kansas territory , fighting in Congress.

  1. What did the Supreme Court decide in the Dred Scott Decision? The Supreme Court decides that slaves are property, and property cannot be taken away from people, so you can’t ban slavery. Also property can’t sue its owner.

  1. What was the first state to secede from the Union? South Carolina

  1. Who were the presidents of the Union and the Confederacy? Union- Abraham Lincoln Confederate – Jefferson Davis

  1. What was the first battle of the civil war? Fort Sumter

  1. What was the first major battle of the civil war? Manassas

  1. What made “freeing the slaves” the new focus of the war? Emancipation Proclamation

  1. Before this battle the North (Union) looked as If they may lose the war to the South (Confederacy). What was the turning point of the Civil War?

The battle of Gettysburg

  1. What battle divided the south via (by way of) the Mississippi River?

The battle of Vicksburg

  1. As the Civil war continued, southern troops faced three problems, increasingly younger troops, more poorly equipped and clothed troops.

  1. Other than fighting, what was a major killer of troops during the civil war? Disease.

  1. What are the five boarder states and what is so important about them? Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, Missouri (Don’t Make West Virginia Kick Monkeys)

  1. Why is Clara Barton Famous? Clara Barton, a Civil War nurse, created the American Red Cross.

  1. Please list the four important location and topography factors?

  1. Battle locations were influenced by the struggle to capture capitals cities. Richmond was Confederacy capital, and Washington D.C. was the Unions.

  2. Control of the Mississippi- (Battle of Vicksburg)

  3. Union Blockade of southern Ports- Savannah, Charleston, New Orleans

  4. Control of the high ground (during battles). A great example of this is the Battle of Gettysburg.

  1. Please name all the effects that the Civil War had

  • Families and friends were often pitted against one another.

  • Southern troops became increasingly younger and more poorly equipped and clothed.

  • Much of the South was devastated at the end of the war (e.g. burning of Atlanta and Richmond).

  • Disease was a major killer

  • Combat was brutal and often man-to man.

  • Women were left to run businesses in the North and farms and plantations in the South.

  • The collapse of the Confederacy made Confederate money worthless.

  1. African Americans fought in both Confederate and Union armies.

  2. The Confederacy often used slaves as naval crew members and soldiers.

  3. The Union moved to enlist African American sailors early in the war.

  4. African American soldiers were paid less than white soldiers.

  5. African American soldiers were discriminated against and served in segregated units under the command of white officers.

  1. Please place these events in chronological order. Place the letter above or below the number that corresponds to the event.

  1. Manassas/ Bull Run

d. Election of 1860

g. Compromise of 1850

j. Kansas- Nebraska Act

  1. South Carolina Seceded

e. Vicksburg

h. Firing on fort Sumter

k. Emancipation Proclamation

  1. Appomattox Court House

f. Gettysburg

i. Dred Scott Case

L. Compromise of 1820















  1. Identify the person and what they are known in regards to the Civil War.

Name: Frederick Douglass

Known for: Was a former slave who escaped to the North and became an abolitionist

Name: Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson

Known for: Was a skilled Confederate General from Virginia

Name: Jefferson Davis

Known for: President of the Confederate States of America

the abraham lincoln civil war round table of michigan is a group of men and women who share a common interest in the war between the states and that period in american history that defined our nation as we know it today. we are dedicated to all aspects of the civil war: education: the study, discussion & learning in depth about america\'s war between the states   no particular side is espoused - we have as many yankees as we do rebs.   we study battles, leaders, issues, personalities, politics, logistics, strategy, tactics, blunders and all the facets that made up the civil war.   participate in preservation of battlefields and civil war era artifacts   conduct educational field trips to various civil war battlefields and sites   promote & attend reenactments and living historian presentations

Name: Abraham Lincoln

What he is known for:

-was President of the United States

-Opposed the spread of slavery

-Issued the Emancipation Proclamation

-Determined to preserve the Union-by force if necessary

-Believed the United States was one nation, not a collection of independent states

-Wrote the Gettysburg Address that said the Civil War “was to preserve a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.”

Name: Ulysses S Grant

Known for: General of the Union Army that defeated Robert E. Lee

Name: Robert E. Lee

Known for: Leader of the Army of Northern Virginia

Was offered command of the Union forces at the beginning of the war but chose not to fight against Virginia.

Opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force.

Urged Southerners to accept defeat at the end of the war and reunite as Americans when some wanted to fight on

25) Please identify the maps below.

A. Missouri Compromise/ Compromise of 1820

B. Civil War

C. Compromise of 1850

D.Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854

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