Civil Rights Movement The Civil Right Movement was apolitical, legal, and social struggle to gain full citizenship rights for African American and to achieve racial equality. The civil rights movement was first and foremost a challenge to segregation, the system of laws and customs separating blacks and whites that whites used to control blacks after slavery was abolished in the 1860s
The Civil Rights movement gains power in the 1950’s & 1960’s for 4 reasons:
Reaction to the atrocities observed during WWII (Holocaust)
Movement of African Americans into the city & the acquiring of wealth.
The emergence of powerful leaders:
1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (Supreme court case)
Overturns Plessey vs. Ferguson (separate but equal is legal)
Thurgood Marshall was the chief lawyer for the NAACP