Civil Liberties: First Amendment Freedoms The Unalienable Rights a commitment to Freedom Bill of Rights



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Obscenity – 1st and 14th amendments protect obscenity.

Community standards must be violated; it must have no literary or artistic value.

The quality or state of being obscene: obscene words or actions, an offensive word.

First obscenity laws were passed in 1872.
The Media

Confidentiality

Shield Laws – a law which gives reporters some protection against having to disclose their sources or reveal other confidential information in legal proceedings.
State and federal courts have rejected this law; some reporters go to jail to protect their sources.
Presidents can withhold information from the media except in criminal court cases – executive privilege.
The Supreme Court said the press (journalists/reporters) like citizens must respond to certain questions but 30 states have shield laws since 2008.



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