Civics and Economics: Unit One and Two Study Guide

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Civics and Economics: Unit One and Two Study Guide



Zenger Trial


Direct Democracy

House of Burgesses

Representative Democracy

Social Contract Theory

Mayflower Compact


Magna Carta


“E Pluribus Unum”



Bacon’s Rebellion




Fundamental Orders of Conn.

Maryland Toleration Act

Illegal Immigrants


Articles of Confederation


Bill of Rights*

Boston Massacre

Boston Tea Party

Common Sense

Electoral College


Federalist Papers

Great Awakening

Great Compromise

House of Representatives


Intolerable (Coercive) Acts

James Madison

John Locke*


New Jersey Plan


Quartering Act

Salutary neglect*


Shay’s Rebellion

Stamp Act

Sugar Act

Tea Act

Thomas Jefferson

Three-Fifths Compromise

Townshend Acts

Unalienable rights

Virginia Plan


Separation of Powers

Popular Sovereignty

Limited Government







Melting Pot

Salad Bowl



Baron de Montesqiue

Jean Jacques Rousseau

NW Ordinance of 1787

Land Ordinance of 1785




Declatory Act

Trade and Navigation Acts

Treaty of Paris 1783

Revise the Articles

Direct Democracy/Town Meeting

1. ___mercantalism_____________The colonies existed to benefit England economically.

2. ___Great Awakening__________ A period of religious revival and growth for many denominations

3. ___Salutary neglect__________ The non-enforcement of trade laws in the colonies.

4. ___Salutary neglect__________This ended due to British debt from the French and Indian War.

5. ___Trade & navigation acts___What began to be enforced at the end of the French and Indian War?

6. ____Parliament______________The colonists became angry and declared “no taxation without representation.” Where did the colonists want representation?

7. ____Sugar Act______________This imposed a tax on Sugar

8. ____Quartering Act__________This act required colonists to house British troops.

9. ____Stamp Act______________This act placed a tax on legal documents

10. ___Declaratory Act__________ This act said Parliament shall have the power to make laws that applied to the colonists in “all cases whatsoever.”

11. ____Townshend Acts_________These acts placed duties on glass, tea, lead, and paper.

12. ____Boston Massacre_________Colonists threaten British soldiers, British soldiers open fire resulting in the death of 5 colonists.

13. ____Tea Act________________This act drove American tea merchants out of business.

14. ____Boston Tea Party_________This was a result of the Tea Act. A group of colonists dressed as Indians threw tea in the harbor.

15. ____Intolerable Acts__________These were a result of the Boston Tea Party.

16. ____civics_________________ the study of the rights and duties of citizens

17. ____illegal immigrants_______ those residing in the US without permission from the government

18. ____citizen________________ a member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to it by birth or naturalization and is entitled to full citizenship rights

19. ___duty___________________ an action required by law

20. ___reposnsibility____________ an action that citizens should take

21. ____CIS__________________ the agency responsible for the naturalization process

22. ____E Pluribus Unum_________This phrase means “out of many, one” and is used to show that the US is a nation of immigrants

23. ____Alien/immigrant_________a person that is legally admitted as permanent residence of a country

24. _____government____________the ruling authority of a community, organization that has the power to make and enforce laws

25. ___John Locke______________ the English philosopher who developed the social contract theory

26. ____social contract__________ the theory that humans agree with one another to create a government and give up some freedom to this government in order to promote safety

27. ____federalism_____________ the principle of one central government and several state or local governments

28. ____democracy_____________government in which the supreme authority rests with the people

29. ____representative__________ kind of democracy in which citizens choose a smaller group of people to represent them (hint: we have this kind in the US!!!)

30. _____direct_________________kind of democracy in which citizens vote on each matter proposed to the government

31. ____Magna Carta____________this document limited the King of England’s power

32. ____Bacon’s Rebellion_______this uprising among back country farmers in Virginia against the gov’t of Jamestown for failing to protect them against Native American attacks.

33. ____Zenger trial____________ this established freedom of press in the colonies

34. ____Fundamental Orders of Ct_ the first written Constitution in America

35. ___Maryland Toleration Act___ this document established freedom of religion in its colony

36. ___town meeting____________this form of democracy was found mostly in New England and displays a form of direct democracy at the local level of government.

37. ___anarchy_________________without laws and government

38. ____monarchy______________ ruled by a King

39. ____Common Sense__________Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine.

40. ____Independence___________ Pamphlet mentioned in #39 encouraged this.

41. _____Thomas Jefferson_______This person was the primary writer of the Declaration of Independence.

42. ____natural rights/Locke/DOI__Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of happiness.

43. _____Locke________________Jefferson used whose natural rights as foundations for the Declaration?

44. _____Treaty of Paris 1783_____ This treaty ended the American Revolution.

45. ____Articles of Confederation__The first national government of the US – created in 1776.

46. ____central_________________The Articles outlined a weak ________ govt.

47. ____state__________________The Articles outlined a stronger ________ govt.

48. ____NW Ordinance of 1787___Passed by Congress under the Articles. Established steps for statehood for land around the Ohio River.

49. ____Land Ordinance of 1785___Passed by Congress under the Articles. Est. townships from western land and set aside part of that land for the establishment of schools.

50. ____Shay’s rebellion_________This event was led by angry farmers and exposed the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

51. ____revise the Articles______ What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention

52. ____Madison_______________The Father of the US Constitution

53. _Madison/Virginia Plan_______Wanted representation in Congress based on population, this satisfied the large states.

54. ___Patterson/NJ Plan________Wanted representation in Congress based on equality, this satisfied the small states.

55. ___Sherman/Ct Plan/Great Compromise_This plan settled the conflict over representation in Congress.

56. ___bicameral____________ The Great Compromise gave us what kind of legislature?

57. ___House of Representatives__ In the US Congress today, the____ is based on population and satisfies the Virginia Plan.

58. ____Antifederalists__________ This group opposed the ratification of the US Constitution.

59. ____Senate_________________ In the US Congress today, the ____ is based on equality and satisfies the New Jersey Plan

60. __3/5 Compromise___________ This compromise settled the dispute for how to count slaves for the purpose of representation in Congress.

61. ___Great Compromise/electoral college_ what settled the compromise for how to elect the president.

62. ____Federalists______________This group supported the ratification of the US Constitution

63. _____state_________________ The anti-federalists wanted a stronger ________ govt.

64. _____federal/national________The federalists wanted a stronger ______ govt.

65. _____9_____________________ How many states needed to ratify the US Constitution?

66. _____Bill of Rights___________This was added the US Constitution and led to its ratification

67. ______Bill of Rights__________The first ten amendments to the US Constitution

68. _____Federalist Papers_______ These were written by Madison, Hamilton and Jay to persuade others to accept the Constitution.

69. ___oligarchy________________form o f government in which the power to rule is held by a small group

70.____theocracy_______________ form of government in which officials are regarded as divinely inspired

71. ____aristocracy_____________ form of government in which power is held by ruling elite

72. ___Rousseau_______________Enlightenment thinker who wrote the text ‘the Social Contract’ and majority rule

73. ___de Montesqiue__________Enlightenment thinker who was in favor of separation of powers and checks and balances.

74. ___volunteer_________________ways to help community without being paid

75. ___confederation____________loose configuration of states joined for mutual benefit

76. ____melting pot____________ political theory where immigrants assimilate into a new cultural identity

77. ____salad bowl_____________political theory where people retain ‘old world’ culture and ‘new world’ identity simultaneously.

78. ____House of Burgesses______First representative assembly in the new world

79. ___Mayflower compact_______Written by the pilgrims and included the ideas of self-government and majority rule

80. ___rights___________________These are guaranteed to you the day you are born

81. ___popular sovereignty______Term for government’s power comes from the consent of the governed

82. ___separation of power______Term from dividing power amongst different branches of government

83.____limited government_____Term from the concept that the government in not above the law and therefore is limited in its power

84. _____dictatorship__________A form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority, usually taken by force

85. _____immigration_________Term for the movement of non-native people into a country in order to settle there

86. ____naturalization_________Term for conferring upon an alien the rights and privileges of a citizen.

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