Civics & economics eoc review name

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CIVICS & ECONOMICS EOC REVIEW Name________________________

GOAL 1: Foundations of American Political System & Values & Principles of American Democracy

Objective 1.01: How did geographic diversity influence the economic, political, and social life in colonial North America?

Northern Colonies

Lived in small towns, homes were close to one another

Economy thrived on shipbuilding, fishing, and small farming

Puritan religion (family life was based around church and God)

Most colonies were lead by men who were still loyal to the British throne

Middle Colonies

Grew large amounts of wheat and other cash crops, also relied heavily on the IRON industry

Religion was separate from government (religious tolerance), there were many different denominations (Protestant, ex: Quakers in Penn.)

Southern Colonies

Plantation farming (cotton, tobacco, rice, grains) – TRIANGULAR TRADE

Warm climate and a long growing season

Women kept the homes, while the men worked

Self- governed (religion and government kept separate

  1. What role did slaves and indentured servants play in the colonies?

They played an important role in the economy, especially in the southern colonies. They allowed farmers to develop plantations and begin wide-scale cotton and tobacco farming. However, the harsh treatment of the slaves eventually led to many problems between the colonies (states).

  1. What is mercantilism?

The theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys

Objectivel 1.02: Trace and analyze the development of ideas about self-government in British North America.

  1. Why did the people come from Britain to North America?

Religious freedom and economic opportunity

  1. Where was the first British attempt at self-government in North America?

Jamestown in 1607

  1. What is a charter?

A written document granting land and the authority to set up colonial governments

  1. How was the colony managed?

by a governor that was appointed by the British king and a legislature
What was the name of the first representative legislature in North America?

Virginia House of Burgesses

  1. What is a compact?

An agreement among a group of people
What did the Mayflower Compact do?
Established a tradition of direct democracy

  1. What two bodies made up the government of each of the 13 colonies?

Governor and legislature
What kinds of decisions did the governing bodies make?
Made laws, enforced laws, collected taxes, etc…

Objective 1.03: Causes of the American Revolution

  1. List the causes of the American Revolution:

Stamp Act, Tea Act, Declaratory Acts, Intolerable Acts, Lexington and Concord

  1. Define boycott:

Refusing to buy British goods

  1. What did the First Continental Congress do?

Sent a document to King George III demanding that the rights of the colonists be restored

  1. Where were the first two battles of the American Revolution?

Lexington and Concord
Objective 1.04: The American Identity

  1. What information do we find in the Declaration of Independence?

A list of complaints by the colonists

The colonists beliefs about the rights of indviduals

The purpose of the government to protect the rights of the people

A declaration for freedom and independence

  1. What two ideals is the United States committed to achieve?

To establish a democracy

To be free and enjoy the rights to life, liberty, and property

Objective 1.05: Problems Under Articles of Confederation Resolved by Constitution

  1. What was government like under the Articles of Confederation?

The federal government made laws that they could not enforce and they also did not have the power to tax

  1. What challenges and problems did the new states face?

There was nothing (weak federal government) to unite the colonies. Every state had its own laws and on money. They did not have a single military.

  1. How were some of the problems solved with the Constitution?

Under the Constitution the federal government had the power to enforce laws and tax its citizens. It also protected and ensured the rights of citizens through the Bill of Rights.

Objective 1.06: Compare the views of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists

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