Cires centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca Educativa e Sociale Teorie e sociologie dell’Europa Bibliografia ragionata a cura di Mariella Nocenzi in collaborazione con Alessandra Fralleoni



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CIRES

Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca Educativa e Sociale

Teorie e sociologie dell’Europa
Bibliografia ragionata


A cura di

Mariella Nocenzi
in collaborazione con

Alessandra Fralleoni


2010
Indice

Introduzione




  1. La storia delle idee di Europa 4



  1. La struttura economica e politica 17




  1. L’identità sociale, culturale e religiosa 33




  1. L’Europa e gli altri 55




  1. Il discorso europeo fra discipline 59

Indice analitico 113

Introduzione

La bibliografia ragionata che segue è il frutto di un lavoro di progressiva selezione di un archivio di decine centinaia di testi costituito grazie al conferimento di opere sul tema degli studi sull’Europa condotti dalle scienze sociali.

La preliminare definizione di un corpus bibliografico sul tema ha seguito criteri di scelta basati su contenuti già noti o rinvenuti nelle schede e nelle introduzioni dei testi. Particolare attenzione è stata data alla presenza nei frames di titolo, abstract e introduzione di una serie di parole chiave predeterminate (fra queste Europa, scienze sociali, società globale, stato, nazione, cultura) alle quali sono state aggiunte quelle con le maggiori occorrenze nei testi selezionati (globalizzazione, radici culturali, Unione europea, mondo islamico, civiltà, modelli cultiurali ecc.).

Il ridimensionato corpus di testi ottenuti, pur non potendosi considerare esaustivo dell’intera proposta editoriale delle scienze sociali sull’Europa, intende rappresentare i principali apporti disciplinari al patrimonio di ricerca sociale sull’Europa, cercando di preservare proprio la pluridisciplinarietà dell’ìindagine oggetto di questa rassegna.

Successivamente, si è optato per una presentazione dei testi attraverso una suddivisione in cinque grandi macro-aree che propongono di accorpare le schede-libro raccolte secondo l’ambito tematico prevalente fra quelli che accomunano i testi. Sostanzialmente, sono stati enucleati gli ambiti tematici generali della narrazione storica, economico-politica, socio-culturale, critico-riflessiva, interdisciplinare sull’Europa come entità statuale e culturale.

Questa inquadramento settoriale non ha trascurato le varie forme di sovrapposizione di trattamento delle tematiche da parte dei volumi considerati ed anche le corrispondenze di analisi di analoghi contenuti da parte di autori di culture diverse (ad esempio rispetto agli studi posto coloniali), elemento che costituisce la particolare ricchezza del patrimonio scientifico cui è dedicata questa sintetica e rappresentativa rassegna.

Mariella Nocenzi

maggio 2010





1. La Storia delle idee di Europa


Archibugi D., Held D. (eds.)

Cosmopolitan Democracy. An Agenda for a New World Order

Cambridge, Polity Press, 1995
The form of international regulation which dominated world politics for more than forty years has collapsed, while no alternative has yet emerged. The end of the Cold War has created new opportunities for developing an international order based upon the principles of legality and democracy. But if these opportunities are not seized, there is the danger that force will again prevail in the settings of international politics, both within Europe and beyond.

The contributors to this volume offer an analysis of the contemporary conjuncture in international politics and present an alternative model of international organization: cosmopolitan democracy. This model is based upon the recognition of the continuing significance of nation-states, while arguing for a layer of governance that would constitute a limitation on national sovereignty. The case is made for the creation of new cosmopolitan institutions which would coexist with the system of states but would override states in clearly defined spheres of activity. The term democracy in this context refers not merely to the formal construction of new democratic institutions, but also the possibility of broad civic participation in decision-making and the redistribution of power at regional and global levels. The six essays which comprise this volume present a highly original overview of the key international issues of our times as well as a novel agenda for the extension of democracy on a transnational basis. The contributors are Norberto Bobbio, Luigi Bonanate, Mary Kaldor, David Held, Daniele Archibugi and Richard Falk.


Archibugi D., Held D., Kohler M. (eds.)

Re-imagining Political Community: Studies in Cosmopolitan democracy

Cambridge, Polity Press, 1998
Understanding world politics today means acknowledging that the state is no longer in international relations. The interstate system is increasingly challenged by new transnational forces and institutions. Multinational companies, cross-border coalitions of social interest groups, globally oriented media groups and a growing number of international agencies influence interstate decisions and set the agenda of world politics. While these phenomena have been discussed in the recent literature of international relations, little attention has been given to their impact on political life within and between communities. Re-imagining Political Community explores the changing meaning of political community in a world of regional and global social and economic relations. From a variety of academic backgrounds, its authors reconsider some of the key terms of political organization, such as legitimacy, sovereignty, identity and citizenship. The common approach of all the authors is to generate an innovative account of what democracy means today and how it can be reconceptualized to include subnational as well as transnational levels of political organization. Inspired by Immanuel Kant's cosmopolitan principles, the authors conclude that today there are favourable conditions for a further development of democracy - locally, nationally, regionally and globally. Re-imagining Political Community will be welcomed by students of politics, political theory, international relations and peace studies, as well as those working in international organizations and engaged in transnational activities.

List of contributors: David Held, James N. Rosenau, David Beetham, James Crawford, Susan Marks, Mary Kaldor, Andrew Linklater, Ulrich K. Preuss, Richard Bellamy, Dario Castiglione, Janna Thompson, Daniele Archibugi, Martin Kohler, Pierre Hassner, Gwin Prins, Elizabeth Selwood, Derk Bienen, Volker Rittberger, Wolfgang Wagner and Richard Falk.


Archibugi D.

Debating Cosmopolitics

London-New York, Verso, 2003
Cosmopolitics, the concept of a world politics based on shared democratic values, is in an increasingly fragile state. While Western democracies insist ever more vehemently upon a maintenance of their privileges — freedom of speech, security, wealth — an increasing number of the world’s inhabitants are under threat of poverty, famine and war. What is needed, the writers here suggest, is a deliberate decision to extend the principles and values of democracy to the sphere of international relations. Recent experience does not bode well, but their arguments, which range from reform of the United Nations, reduction of military weapons, additional power for international judiciary institutions and an increase in aid to developing countries, urge new and inspired action.
Arnason J. P., Eisenstadt S. N., Wittrock B. (eds)

Axial Civilizations and World History

Leiden-Boston, Brill, 2005
The overarching theme of the book is the historical meaning of the Axial Age, commonly defined as a period of several centuries around the middle of the last millennium BCE, and its cultural innovations. The civilizational patterns that grew out of this exceptionally creative phase are a particularly rewarding theme for comparative analysis.
The book contains essays on cultural transformations in Ancient Greece, Ancient Israel, Iran, India and China, as well as background developments in the core civilizations of the Ancient Near East. An introductory section deals with the history of the debate on the AxialAge, the theoretical questions that have emerged from it, and the present state of the discussion.
The book will be useful for comparative historians of cultures and religions, as well as for historical sociologists interested in the comparative analysis of civilizations. It should also help linking the fields of classical, biblical and Asian studies to broader interdisciplinary debates within the humanities sciences.
Attali J.

Europe(s)

Paris, Fayard, 1994
L'Europe, à l'évidence, n'existe pas. Elle n'est ni un continent, ni une culture, ni un peuple, ni une histoire. Elle n'est définie ni par une frontière unique ni par un destin ou un rêve communs. "Il existe en revanche des Europes, qui s'échappent lorsqu'on cherche à en appréhender trop précisément les contours. "L'Europe est le seul continent à ne pas s'être défini par l'exclusion des autres, mais, pour leur bonheur et leur malheur, par leur conquête; le seul à avoir semé, aux quatre vents de ses ambitions impériales, ses langues, ses idées et ses hommes.

"En ce sens, l'ordre du monde est pour longtemps encore européen. Même si cette péninsule improbable s'est vue remplacée au " coeur " de l'Histoire par l'une de ses créatures, l'Amérique, même si elle risque de n'être plus qu'une colonie de sa propre utopie, l'Europe restera à jamais, dans son ambiguïté même - je préférerais écrire l'Europe(s), pour signifier cette multiplicité -, la mère de toutes les modernités.

"Cette ambiguïté, je l'ai vécue de près quand la chute du dernier Empire précapitaliste du monde, en émancipant l'Europe(s), la soumettait tout entière à l'ordre américain. De Prague à Londres, de Bruxelles à Moscou, j'ai vu les dirigeants intérioriser cette nouvelle soumission, en même temps que se dessinait le rêve d'une construction européenne plus libre et plus adulte.

Beck U., Grande E.

L’Europa cosmopolita

Roma, Carocci, 2006


Il 'modello Europa' deve essere ripensato. Esso ha funzionato per cinquant'anni, ma ora non è più valido. Grazie all'estensione verso Est dell'Unione europea si è inaugurata una nuova epoca di cooperazione che oltrepassa e cancella i confini. Ma cosa è nato, precisamente, in quell'occasione' Dove ci porta l'europeizzazione' E finora a cosa ha dato impulso' L'euforia (o anche lo scetticismo) sulla nuova e più grande Europa non può oscurare il fatto che essa è ancora incompresa, non capita. Questa forma storicamente unica e straordinaria di costruzione comunitaria interstatale e intersociale sfugge infatti a tutte le categorie e a tutte le concezioni correnti. L'esempio dell'Europa mostra con particolare evidenza come i nostri concetti politici e lo strumentario delle scienze sociali siano diventati storicamente estranei alla realtà e prigionieri nell'edificio concettuale del nazionalismo metodologico. Questo libro cerca di dare una risposta alle nuove esigenze di fondazione e di giustificazione dell'Unione europea e a questo riguardo intende proporre e sviluppare il concetto di 'Europa cosmopolita', al fine di comprendere e ridefinire teoricamente e politicamente l'europeizzazione alla luce della teoria della modernità riflessiva.

Bettin Lattes G. (ed.)

Comparing European Societies: Towards a Sociology of the EU

Monduzzi, Bologna, 2005
This book is the most recent of three publications of collected works on Europe from the Florentine school of sociology at ‘Cesare Alfieri’, carried out by an established team of scholars within the ambit of the Centro interuniversitario di sociologia politica (CIUSPO). The other two books are: G. Bettin Lattes (ed.), La societa degli europei. Lezioni di sociologia comparata (Bologna, Monduzzi, 1995), and G. Bettin Lattes (ed.), Mutamenti in Europa. Lezioni di sociologia (Bologna, Monduzzi, 2002). Whilst linked, each of these three works developed out of an autonomous research theme and responds to specific and contingent cognitive foci. However, all of them are the outcome of a consistent activity of study of basic social processes for the construction of Europe. The comparison between the three books outlines several thematic areas of convergence, as some material has been updated after five to ten years, years of epochal change on both the international and European scene. In other cases, new questions and issues, that had remained in the shade in the two earlier publications and which have now moved centre stage, have been introduced. The editors hope that this book will highlight the contribution made by Italian sociology to the study of contemporary European society. The individual chapters in this book have been translated by Simon Young, Donald Bathgate, Gerry Redmond and Debbie Payne. We would also like to thank Sabrina Messineo, Melissa Bancroft, Nathalie Kamphaus, Anna Raffaelli and Lorenzo G. Baglioni for editorial assistance. A particular vote of thanks goes to Winifred Tamey for her decisive intervention during the concluding stages of preparation. Finally, we are grateful to Adrian Favell for having read and commented on the first version of the manuscript.
Braudel F.

Ecrits sur l’histoire

Flammarion, Paris, 1969
Un recueil d'articles qui s'ouvre sur une “confidence” de F. Braudel exposant les raisons qui l'ont poussé vers l'histoire avec une évocation de son itinéraire de jeune étudiant. Puis un long article est consacré à l'histoire des prix en Europe pendant trois siècles, suivi de deux courtes biographies de Charles Quint et Philippe II.

Brennan T.

At Home in the World: Cosmopolitanism Now

Cambridge, Harward University Press, 1996
From every quarter we hear of a new global culture, postcolonial, hybrid, announcing the death of nationalism, the arrival of cosmopolitanism. But under the drumbeat attending this trend, Timothy Brennan detects another, altogether different sound. Polemical, passionate, certain to provoke, his book exposes the drama being played out under the guise of globalism.

A bracing critique of the critical self-indulgence that calls itself cosmopolitanism, it also takes note of the many countervailing forces acting against globalism in its facile, homogenizing sense.

The developments Brennan traces occur in many places--editorial pages, policy journals, corporate training manuals, and, primarily, in the arts. His subject takes him from George Orwell to Julia Kristeva, from Subcommandante Marcos to Julio Cortázar, from Ernst Bloch to contemporary apologists for transnational capitalism and "liberation management," from "third world" writing to the Nobel Prize, with little of critical theory or cultural studies left untouched in between.

Brennan gives extended treatment to two exemplary figures: the Trinidadian writer C. L. R. James, whose work suggests an alternative approach to cultural studies; and the Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier, whose appreciation of Cuban popular music cuts through the usual distinctions between mass and elite culture.

A critical call to arms, At Home in the World summons intellectuals and scholars to reinvigorate critical cultural studies. In stripping the false and heedless from the new cosmopolitanism, Brennan revitalizes the idea.
Caplan R., Feffer J.

Europe’s New Nationalism States and Minorities in Conflict

Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1997
The end of the Cold War has witnessed the re-emergence of nationalism as a major force in Europe. The collapse of Yugoslavia, the newly won independence of the Baltic states, the unification of Germany, the wars in Bosnia and Georgia, and the strength of xenophobic politics in France all attest to the salience of nationalism.

What explains nationalism's renewed importance in Europe? What distinguishes the various expressions of nationalism across Europe today? Why is nationalism associated with conflict in some cases and not in others? Is nationalism enhancing or undermining the prospects for democratic development within Europe?

How should Europe respond to the challenges posed by nationalism? In this book, 14 leading scholars and journalists from across the region reflect on the meaning and implications of Europe’s “new nationalism”.
Craveri P., Varsori A. (a cura di)

L’Italia nella costruizione europea. Un bilancio storico (1957-2007)

Milano, Franco Angeli, 2009
Sebbene esistano studi su aspetti specifici del ruolo italiano nella costruzione europea, manca un’analisi che prenda in considerazione le varie dimensioni in cui si è inserita la scelta europea dell’Italia. Il volume, ricco di fonti inedite, affronta i seguenti temi: l’Italia e la dimensione politica internazionale della costruzione europea, il ruolo italiano nelle istituzioni e nelle politiche europee, l’Italia in Europa nella percezione dei partner europei…

La "scelta europea" ha rappresentato una costante nella politica estera dell'Italia repubblicana facendo registrare una continuità e una profondità superiori alle altre più importanti "scelte" - quella "americana-atlantica" e quella "mediterranea" - che hanno segnato l'azione internazionale del Paese. Col tempo la partecipazione italiana al processo di integrazione ha trasformato un aspetto di politica internazionale in un fenomeno con forti riflessi nell'ambito interno, non solo dal punto di vista politico ed economico, ma anche da quello sociale e culturale. Sebbene esistano studi su aspetti specifici del ruolo italiano nella costruzione europea, manca un'analisi esaustiva, che prenda in considerazione le varie dimensioni in cui si è inserita la scelta europea dell'Italia.

Il volume, articolato in cinque parti, affronta i seguenti temi: l'Italia e la dimensione politica internazionale della costruzione europea, il ruolo italiano nelle istituzioni e nelle politiche europee, l'economia italiana e la costruzione europea, l'europeizzazione della politica italiana, l'Italia in Europa nella percezione dei partner europei. Esso raccoglie oltre venti contributi di storici italiani e stranieri.

Gran parte degli interventi è il risultato di approfondite ricerche archivistiche e si basa su fonti inedite. Ne emerge un quadro ricco e variegato, che apporta nuove conoscenze e interpretazioni, nonché importanti spunti di riflessione intorno a un fenomeno che risulta fondamentale ove si voglia comprendere in maniera compiuta la storia dell'Italia repubblicana.




Crouch C.

Social Change in Western Europe

Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1999
What do European societies look like, at the end of a turbulent millennium which saw western Europe slowly rise to global domination, and then rapidly decline to its present position, prosperous but clearly behind the USA in world influence?

This is the only book by a single sociologist to make a systematic and up to date comparison of virtually all west European countries across a wide range of social institutions. These include: work and occupations, the structure of the economy, the family, education, religion, nationality and ethnicity, and the mechanism of citizenship in the welfare state. Particular emphasis is placed on the place of gender and social class. By including basic details on Japan and the United States throughout, the author is able to draw attention to any shared west European specificities.

The book also develops a theory of change in contemporary societies. Starting from a model of a mid-century social compromise based on certain balances between industrialism, capitalism, traditional community institutions, and community it traces its subsequent destabilization and places particular importance on the resurgence of capitalism in shaping a new social order.

This important new study of the social structure of western Europe will be essential reading for all students of comparative sociology and European sociology.




Delanty G.

Handbook of Contemporary European Social Theory

London, Routledge, 2006
Il testo affronta la riflessione internazionale sullo sviluppo e sullo stato attuale della teoria sociale Europea. Spazia dalla teoria sociologica alla più ampia tradizione teoretica nelle scienze sociali, incluse le teoria culturale, politica, antropologica e social filosofica. Identifica, inoltre, cosa è distintivo della teoria sociale europea, in termini di temi e tradizioni. E’ suddiviso in cinque parti: le tradizioni disciplinari, le tradizioni nazionali, le maggiori scuole, i temi chiave e come la teoria sociale Europea è stata recepita in America e Asia.




Delanty G.

Community

London, Routledge, 20092
The increasing individualism of modern Western society has been accompanied by an enduring nostalgia for the idea of community as a source of security and belonging and, in recent years, as an alternative to the state as a basis for politics. Gerard Delanty begins this stimulating introduction to the concept with an analysis of the origins of the idea of community in Western Utopian thought, and as an imagined pristine condition equated with traditional societies in classical sociology and anthropology. He goes on to chart the resurgence of the idea within communitarian thought, the complications and critiques of multiculturalism, and its new manifestations within a society where new modes of communication produce both fragmentation and the possibilities of new social bonds. Contemporary community, he argues, is essentially a communication community based on new kinds of belonging. No longer bounded by place, we are able to belong to multiple communities based on religion, nationalism, ethnicity, life-styles and gender.


Delanty R., Rumford C.

Rethinking Europe: Social Theory and the Implications of Europeanization

London, Routledge, 2005
Dominant approaches to the transformation of Europe ignore contemporary social theory interpretations of the nature and dynamics of social change. Here, Delanty and Rumford argue that we need a theory of society in order to understand Europeanization. This book advances the case that Europeanization should be theorized in terms of:

- globalization

- major social transformations that are not exclusively spear-headed by the EU

- the wider context of the transformation of modernity.

This fascinating book broadens the terms of the debate on Europeanization, conventionally limited to the supersession of the nation-state by a supra-national authority and the changes within member states consequent upon EU membership.

Demonstrating the relevance of social theory to contemporary issues and with a focus on European transformation rather than simplistic notions of Europe-building, this truly multidisciplinary volume will appeal to readers from a range of social science disciplines, including sociology, geography, political science and European studies.





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