The ancient Greeks are known as a self aware people. No other culture in western civilization history was quite as introspective as the Greeks. They prided themselves as the most civilized society in the world. In fact the term “barbarian” basically meant non Greek. The development of Greek civilization rises from the ashes of the ancient Mycenaean and Minion cultures. From After the decline and eventual fall of the Mycenaean culture in 1100 BCE, the Aegean Islands would experience a “dark age” period for about 200 – 300 years. By 800 BCE Greece would begin to show growth and stability in their government, economy and culture. This period is referred to as the Homeric Age. The writer Homer would write the stories of prehistoric Greek history (If you have not had to read The Iliad or The Odyssey in your academic career thus far, just wait, it is coming.) It is the Greek culture that would be the basis for western cultures for art, architecture, music, theater, philosophy, literature and politics.
the flat slab that forms the topmost unit of a Doric column and on which the architrave rests.
a Mediterranean plant with prickly leaves, supposedly the source of foliage-like ornamentation on Corinthian columns.
the open space in an ancient Greek town used as a marketplace or for general meetings.
Alexander the Great
an ancient Greek two-handled vessel for storing grain, honey, oil, or wine.
the lowest unit of an entablature, resting directly on the capital of a column.
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Athens and Sparta
a series of balusters, or upright pillars, supporting a rail (as along the edge of a balcony or bridge).
Battle of Salamis
describing a style of Greek pottery painting of the sixth century B.C., in which the decoration is black on a red background.
a set of rules, principles, or standards used to establish scales or proportions.