Chechen-Russian Conflict a brief History and International Security analysis

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Chechen-Russian Conflict

A Brief History and International Security analysis


Table of Contents

Russia vs. Chechnya 3

Brief Timeline 3

Underlying Issues in an International Security Context 5

Did Russia Have legitimate reasons to invade Chechnya in terms of international security? 6

Current State of the Conflict 6

Bibliography 6

Russia vs. Chechnya

The First Chechen War was a militarized conflict between Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and the Russian federation that lasted from 1994 to 1996 ending in a cease fire and the humiliation of Russian Military Forces.

Brief Timeline

Timeline A short summary:

  • ‘‘1858-Russia conquers Chechnya

  • 1922-Chechnya becomes an autonomous region

  • 1944-Stalin deports Chechens and Ingush Population (Many Perish)

  • 1957 Kruschev allows for the return of Chechens back to their land

  • 1991- Collapse of the Soviet Union, Russian leader Zavgayev overthrown, Chechnya elects Dudayev as president and Chechnya declares its independence from Russia

  • 1994- Russia Invades Chechnya

  • 1994-1996- War between Chechnya Follows, Russia is ultimately defeated.

  • 1997- Peace treaty agreed upon but independence is not recognized by Russia.’’ (BBC.CO.UK, 201)

Underlying Issues in an International Security Context

There are various type of issues using International Security Theories

Balance of Power

When a separate state or rebel group (such as the Chechen rebels) challenge a nation’s (such as Russia) claim over the rule of a territory all these values can come into account on how the governing state will react, whether they will respond with strong military force or go into diplomatic negotiations request and grant sovereignty to the rebels. Allowing Chechnya to gain its independence could cause other regions controlled by Russia, possibly inverting the balance of power within the Region.


Chechnya contains a very valuable natural resource, oil. Oil can fuel both economies and armies, by having direct control over the oil supply contained within the Chechen territory; Russia would have significant economic advantages including exportation of oil for profit and less reliance on foreign oil.

Regional Security Complex Theory

When states border each other or are within proximity to each other in a specific region events and decisions made by a separate state can directly affect the other, more than events or decisions that occur in a completely different region. Allowing the “lawlessness” to continue in Chechnya posed a direct security risk to Russia.

Did Russia Have legitimate reasons to invade Chechnya in terms of international security?

Theoretically speaking, Russia’s reasons to invade Chechnya were legitimate as the cost of allowing Chechnya to separate them completely from The Russian Federation was very high. It was in the highest benefit for Russia to attempt to regain control of Chechnya for the economic benefits the territory provides, and to attempt to reduce security risk Chechnya was beginning to pose. But it was Russia’s failure to gather sufficient intelligence on how the Chechen people would react to the invasion and the latent ICS that could be activated increasing Chechen capability, as well as the overestimation of their own capabilities and cost that could be absorbed that ultimately lead to a humiliating Russian defeat.

Current State of the Conflict

Currently Chechnya is still a territory of Russia and has not gained its independence. It has become a conflict in which terrorist acts against Russian Governmental forces still occur.


(201, 01 19). Retrieved 2013, from BBC.CO.UK:

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