Achaeans – A general word that encompasses the Greek civilizations.
Achilles – A warrior who gained great fame and died in the Trojan War.
Aegisthus –Clytemnestra's lover, Agamemnon's murderer.
Aeolus – The god of wind.
Agamemnon – Menelaus's brother, murdered by his wife's lover (Aegisthus) when he came home from the Trojan War.
Ajax – A warrior in the Trojan War.
Alcinous – The Phaeacian king who hosts Odysseus very hospitably and helps him return to Ithaca.
Amphinomus – A kindly and well-intentioned suitor.
Anticleia –Odysseus's mother, who died of longing for her son.
Antinous – The most insolent and impious suitor.
Antiphates – King of the Laestrygonians.
Aphrodite – The goddess of love, wife of Hephaestus.
Ares – The god of war, Aphrodite's lover.
Arete – The Phaeacian queen.
Argos – Odysseus's old dog.
Arnaeus (Irus) – A rude beggar whom Odysseus fights.
Athena – The goddess of wisdom, justice, battle strategy, and courage.
Autolycus – Odysseus's grandfather, with whom he got the hunting scar on his knee.
Broadsea – A man in Alcinous's court who provokes Odysseus to take part in the athletic contests.
Calypso – A beautiful goddess who falls in love with Odysseus and holds him captive for seven years on the island Ogygia.
Chabrydis – A monster that creates a whirlpool three times a day.
Cicones – A people that take revenge on Odysseus's crew.
Circe – A beautiful witch from the island Aeaea. Odysseus lives with her for a year.
Clytemnestra – Agamemnon's unfaithful wife.
Ctesippus – A rude, violent suitor.
Cyclops – Cannibalistic giants who live in caves.
Demodocus – A bard in Alcinous's court.
Eidothea – Proteus's daughter.
Elpenor – A member of Odysseus's crew who died by falling off Circe's roof after getting drunk.
Eumaeus – The loyal swineherd who helps Odysseus defeat the suitors.
Eupithes – Antinous's father.
Eurycleia – Odysseus's kindly nurse, and the first person to recognize Odysseus in his beggar disguise.
Eurylochus – A member of Odysseus's crew who often disobeys Odysseus.
Eurymachus –A rude and deceitful suitor.
Helen – Menelaus's wife, famous for her beauty and pivotal role in the Trojan War.
Helios – The sun god, owner of the Cattle of the Sun.
Hephaestus – The crippled goldsmith god, jilted husband of Aphrodite.
Hermes –The messenger god.
Ino – A goddess who helps Odysseus reach the Phaeacianshore.
Laertes –Odysseus'sfather, who lives in poverty on a farm.
Laestrygonians – Giant cannibals.
Laodamas – A man in Alcinous's court.
Lotus Eaters – A people who grow and eat the somnolent lotus flower.
Medon – Herald in Odysseus's court.
Melanthius – The rude goatherd.
Menelaus – King of Sparta, commander in the Trojan War, Agamemnon's brother.
Mentes –One of Athena's disguises.
Nausicaa – A Phaeacian Princess, daughter of Alcinous.
Nestor –King of Pylos, commander in the Trojan War.
Odysseus – King of Ithaca, husband of Penelope, and father of Telemachus, former commander in the Trojan War, Odysseus is the flawed, beloved hero of this tale of homecoming and revenge.
Orestes – Agamemnon's son.
Penelope – Odysseus's wife and Telemachus's mother.
Phaeacians – A hospitable people who deliver Odysseus to Ithaca.
Philoetius – The cowherd that helps Odysseus fight the suitors.
Pisistratus –Nestor's son.
Polycaste –Nestor's daughter.
Polyphemus – A Cyclops son of Poseidon whom Odysseus blinds.
Poseidon – A sea god who holds a longstanding grudge against Odysseus for killing his son, the Cyclops Polyphemus.
Proteus – A shape-shifting sea god.
Scylla – A man-eating monster with six heads.
Sirens – Creatures disguised as beautiful women whose beautiful singing lures sailors to jump into the sea and drown.
Telemachus – Odysseus's son.
Theoclymenus – A prophet who sails to Ithaca from Sparta with Telemachus.
Tiresias – A prophet with whom Odysseus speaks in the underworld.
Trojans – The people of Troy, the site of the Trojan War.