Chapters 2 & 3 Outline (Review This For The Test!) Chapter 2



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Chapters 2 & 3 Outline (Review This For The Test!)
Chapter 2 (Population and Health)
Key Issue 1: Where Is the World’s Population Distributed?

Introduction Understanding the size, distribution, and changes of Earth’s human population is an important part of geography. Population growth is most rapid in less developed countries, and geographers are concerned with population growth at the regional level. Overpopulation may be defined at the regional level as population relative to resources instead of absolute numbers of people.
Clusters East Asia holds 20 percent of the world’s population. The population of East Asia is mostly in China but also Japan, North and South Korea, and Taiwan. Population is clustered near the large rivers and the ocean. China’s population is only about half urban. South Asia’s population is mostly in India but also Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Population is concentrated along the Indus and Ganges rivers, and also along the coasts. About 75 percent of South Asia’s population is rural.
Southeast Asia’s population is concentrated on the larger islands of Indonesia, the Philippines, Sumatra, Borneo, Papua New Guinea. Other large populations are along the rivers of the Southeast Asia mainland. The population of Southeast Asia is largely rural. Europe holds about 11 percent of the world’s population. People live mostly in cities (around 75 percent urban). The largest population cluster in North America is in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada. The largest population cluster in Africa is along the Atlantic coast, especially the portion facing south.


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