Geographers are interested in studying industry because the choice of location of an industry is fundamentally about spatial relationships among raw materials, markets, and site factors.
Key Issue 1: Where Is Industry Distributed?
Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, people made household tools and agricultural equipment in their own homes or obtained them in the local village. Home-based manufacturing was known as the cottage industry system.
Several inventions transformed the way in which goods were manufactured, beginning with the steam engine. The revolution in industrial technology created an unprecedented expansion in productivity, resulting in substantially higher standards of living. The Industrial Revolution resulted in new social, economic, and political inventions, not just traditional ones. The changes involved a gradual diffusion of new ideas and techniques over decades rather than an instantaneous revolution.