Exploring Geography & The Geographer’s Craft
____ 1. What are the two types of location that geographers use as reference points?
absolute and relative
has boundaries determined by a common characteristic
Maps can show some information better than writing can.
which factors in a given situation are most important.
To help determine what places looked like in the past.
whether to build new schools.
____ 8. What is relative location?
the location of a place in relation to other places
____ 9. Which lines make up the grid system?
Longitude and Latitude
____ 10. What name is given to the study of the connections between people and their physical environment?
a central point and the surrounding territory linked to it.
the earth’s physical features
making predictions about a population’s future water needs
determining how an ancient civilization spread
deciding where to build a new highway
to determine which area has the greater need for services
how people in different places are governed.
the precise location of any place on Earth.
may transform the society’s culture.
the Prime Meridian.
analyzes human aspects of culture.
Forces of Change & Earth’s Water
____ 21. Land takes up about 30% of the earth’s surface.
solid and extremely hot
When a sea plate slowly slides under a continental plate.
the wearing away of Earth’s surface by wind, glaciers, and moving water.
moves around the earth but maintains a consistent total amount.
is a body of water that flows through land areas.
and bays are bodies of water
____ 31. What is the deepest known depression on Earth?
____ 32. What are the four terrestrial planets?
the orbits of Jupiter and Mars.
a single massive supercontinent.
Cracks in the earth’s crust are called faults.
a liquid outer core
molten rock within the earth
____ 38. All planets (except Pluto) are grouped into which 2 categories?
and gas giant planets.
____ 39. When does Physical weathering takes place?
When large masses of rock are broken into smaller pieces.
Earth-Sun Relationships, Factors Affecting Climate, & World Climate Patterns
____ 41. Which latitudes have the coldest climates on earth – high, mid or low?
Places located in high latitudes have the coldest climates on Earth.
are very closely related.
glaciers covered much of the earth
keeps heat from escaping too quickly into space.
is a place in the desert at which there is water and lush vegetation.
____ 48. How does the earth’s tilt affect earth?
Because of the tilt of the earth, not all places receive the same amount of light at one time.
Global winds that blow in fairly constant patterns are called prevailing winds.
one time each day.
____ 52. How do wind patterns affect earth’s climates?
important factors in the earth’s climates.
the earth’s revolution and its tilt in relation to the sun.
the earth’s position in relation to the sun
____ 55. What is the Coriolis effect?
Prevailing winds blow ____ because of the diagonally
tropical savanna and tropical rain forest
Tropic of Cancer
thins as elevation increases.