Chapter study questions chapter 4: greece the Greek City-State and the Persian Wars

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Instructor: John Hardin

The Greek City-State and the Persian Wars

  1. Define polis (plural = poleis) and briefly describe the role of the polis in Archaic Greece.

  2. How were the Greek poleis able to defeat the Persian military?

  3. Who was Herodotus and what significant contributions did he make to ancient Greek culture?

Athens and the Greek Golden Age

  1. Briefly describe life in ancient Athens and ancient Sparta, two of the major cities in ancient Greece.

  2. Describe the structure of Athenian government in the sixth century B.C.E. Does it sound familiar; if so, how?

  3. Define the term democracy and describe similarities and differences between Athenian and American democracy.

  4. How did life in Sparta differ from that of Athens?

  5. Who was Pericles and why is he significant to the evolution of ancient Greece, particularly Athens?

  6. What were the Peloponnesian Wars?

  7. Who was Thucydides and what significant contributions did he make to ancient Greek culture?

  8. What significance did the Olympic Games play in ancient Greece?

  9. What types of events were a part of the ancient Olympic Games?

The Individual and the Community

  1. How was theatre related to religion in ancient Greece?

  2. What are the two principal forms of drama?

  3. Why did the actors in ancient dramas wear masks?

  4. Which four Greek playwrights are discussed in this section? Name each of them and a contribution each made to the dramatic arts.

  5. What subjects were often the focus of Greek comedies?

  6. What are the central issues in the play Antigone?

  7. Which ancient Greek philosopher is considered to be the first literary critic and what did this philosopher believe was the primary function of tragedy?

Greek Philosophy: The Speculative Leap

  1. What does the term “philosopher” literally mean?

  2. What purposes did natural philosophy serve in ancient Greece?

  3. What was the central emphasis in Pre-Socratic schools of thought?

  4. Name each of Pre-Socratic philosophers discussed in this section and an idea that each one is associated with.

  5. Which ancient Greek philosopher is described as being “the founding father of pure mathematics”?

  6. What influence did other cultures likely have on the development of Greek thought?

  7. Which ancient Greek philosopher is described as being the “father of medicine”?

  8. What significance do the efforts of these philosophers have even today?

Humanist Philosophy

  1. Who were the Sophists and what did they focus on teaching?

  2. Who does Fiero consider to be “Athens’ foremost thinker” and what is the central focus in his school of thought?

  3. What is the psyche?

  4. Describe the Socratic method of teaching.

  5. How did the Athenians reward Socrates’ efforts?

  6. What did Socrates’ consider to be “a primary obligation”?

  7. Who was Socrates’ most famous student and what topics are emphasized in his school of thought?

  8. How did Plato conceive of reality?

  9. What is the name of the allegory that “illustrates some of the key theories of the teachings of Plato”?

  10. What were Plato’s views on gender?

  11. How broad was Aristotle’s scope of studies?

  12. What did Aristotle consider to be the “final goal” of life and how does one achieve it?

  13. What did Aristotle conclude was the best form of government?

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