Chapter Seven Study Guide 1. When can it be said that the American Revolution began?
2. What factors helped separate colonists physically and spiritually from the Old World?
3. Why did the roots of the American Revolution, which can be traced back to the founding of the first permanent English settlement, take hold and grow?
4. Describe the founding of the American colonies by the British.
5. What were the American colonies expected to do under mercantilist doctrine?
6. What were the first Navigation Laws designed to do?
7. Who was currency legislation enacted by the British Parliament intended primarily to benefit?
8. What effect did the Privy Council's "royal veto" of colonial legislation have?
9. Under the mercantilist system, what all did the British government reserve the right to do regarding the American colonies?
10. Under the mercantilist system, how did the average American compare to the average British person?
11. Despite the benefits of the mercantile system, why did the American colonists dislike it?
12. How were the Navigation Laws a burden to certain colonists?
13. Why did the British Parliament pass the Stamp Act?
14. What was the effect of the passage of the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act?
15. What was the effect in 1763 when George Grenville assumed charge of colonial policy?
16. Describe each of the following acts: a. Sugar Act, b. Stampt Act, c. Declaratory Act, d. Townsend Act
19. Why did colonists object to the Stamp Act?
20. What did colonists mean by "No taxation without representation,"?
21. Define: "Virtual" representation.
23. What forms did colonial protest against the Stamp Act take?
24. What effect did Parliament's repeal of the Stamp Act have on colonists?
25. What was a result of American opposition to the Townshend Acts?
26. Identify each individual: a. Samuel Adams, b. John Adams, c. Crispus Attucks
27. Describe how the local committees of correspondence organized by Samuel Adams kept opposition to the British alive.
28. Describe each: (A) clash at Lexington and Concord, (B) meeting of the First Continental Congress, (C) Quebec Act, (D) Boston Tea Party.
29. How did colonists feel when Parliament passed the Tea Act?
32. Why was the Quebec Act especially unpopular in the American colonies?
35. As the War for Independence began, what advantage did Britain have?
36. What was a result of Parliament's rejection of the petitions of the Continental Congress?
37. What were the weaknesses of the British military during the War for Independence?
38. Why did many Whigs in Britain hope for an American victory in the War for Independence?
39. What advantage did the colonies have as the War for Independence began?
40. What weaknesses did the colonists face in the War for Independence?
41. What was the condition of American troops by the end of the War for Independence?
42. Who did African Americans fight for during the Revolutionary War?
43. How many supported American independence with selfless devotion?
44. What does "Varying Viewpoints" note as the current view of the reason colonists went to war?
45. As noted in "Varying Viewpoints," how have historians since the 1960s interpreted the Revolutionary struggle?
1. John Hancock