Chapter 9 Study Guide Ancient Greece

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Chapter 9 Study Guide

Ancient Greece

Name ___________________________________ Date ___________ Period _________

1. What form of government is being described in this passage? 6.50

A. junta B. monarchy C. oligarchy D. republic
2 . In ancient Athens, how were political leaders chosen? 6.50

A. The gods would choose the leaders B. People would elect their own leaders

C. Warriors would fight to become king D. Schools would prepare kings and princes

"It is true that we ___ are called a democracy, for the administration is in the hands of the many and not the few, with equal justice to all alike in their private disputes." 

- Pericles, 429 BC

3. Pericles was talking about people in a certain city. Which city was he talking about? 6.50

A. Athens B. Cairo C. Rome D. Sparta
4. Which statement would have been MOST likely to have been said by someone from Ancient Sparta?


A. “People should seek peace” B. “Trading makes a nation great”

C. “Men are meant to fight in wars” D. “Poetry is the best form of art”
5. Which statement BEST describes the political rights women in early Ancient Athens possessed? 6.51

A. they had no political rights

B. they had full political rights

C. they had full political rights if they were the first born

D. they had full political rights if they married a male from a citizen family

6. Helots in ancient Sparta could BEST be described as 6.51

A. generals B. nobles C. politicians D. slaves

7. Women in which of the following civilizations had more rights? 6.51
A. Athens B. Sparta C. Crete D. Anatolia
8. Who were the main opponents in the Persian War? 6.52

A. Athens vs Sparta B. Greece vs Persia

C. Persia vs Ionia D. Athens vs Corinth
9. The Persians attacked the mainland Greeks mainly because the Greeks 6.52

A. refused to pay for the navy B. were weak from the Dark Ages

C. attacked King Darius of Persia D. helped Greeks in Asia Minor rebel

10. Which of these describes the outcome of the Persian Wars? 6.52

A. a major victory for Greece B. a major victory for Persia

C. neither Greece nor Persia won D. Greece and Persia divided Anatolia

11. Based on this map of Greek colonization, what would MOST likely have been Greece’s most common economic activity? 6.46

A. trading B. farming

C. mining D. printing

12. The colonization on the above map most likely occurred because of ____ 6.47

A. Pollution and natural disasters

B. expanding trade

C. Persian Wars

D. religious persecution





13. Which letter marks the location of the Ancient Greek civilization? 6.46

14. Based on this map, one could expect Greece to have an economy in which a major activity is : 6.47

A. mining B. fishing

C. herding D. technology

15. Pericles is MOST known for 6.48

A. being a firm but fair tyrant of Ancient Greece

B. overseeing democratic government in Ancient Athens

C. his instruction of famous philosophers Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

D. leading Sparta to victory over Persian invaders in 5th century Greece.
16. The ancient Greek city-sate of Sparta was run as an oligarchy, meaning 6.48

A. the economy was controlled by the masses

B. a small group of citizens controlled things

C. all adult males enjoyed equal political rights

D. foreigners were not allowed to participate in trade
17. What was the role of the citizen in the Athenian direct democracy? 6.48

A. To elect representatives to make laws

B. To not take part in government affairs

C. To financially support public officials

D. To discuss and vote on laws and policies
18. Which of these BEST describes who was allowed to vote in Ancient Athens? 6.48

A. males B. females C. male citizens D. male and female citizens

19. Which of these ancient cities do we MOST associate with “direct democracy”? 6.49

A. Athens B. Babylon C. Rome D. Sparta

20. Frederick is writing a report on democracy. Which ancient civilization would be MOST likely 6.49

mention in his report?

A. Chinese B. English C. Greek D. Japanese

21. Which of these would be the BEST definition of the word “democracy”? 6.49

A. defeated by government B. government by the people

C. government is not needed D. controlled by the government

22. All of these are describing which battle in the Persian Wars? 6.52

A. Ionian Revolt B. Greek Invasion

C. Battle of Marathon D. Battle of Thermopylae

23. Which of these BEST describes the immediate outcome of the Peloponnesian War? 6.53

A. increased faith in democratic principles under Pericles

B. Sparta replaced Athens as the most powerful Greek polis

C. an economic boom from the reopening of Mediterranean trade routes

D. an abundance of military resources such as the strong Athenian navy

24. The Peloponnesian War was fought between 6.53

A. Athens and Sparta B. Athens and the Medes

C. Athens and the Lydians D. Sparta and the Babylonians

25. Based on the timeline, which event happened BEFORE Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War? 6.53

A. War between Persia and Greece begins

B. Rule of Roman Emperor Augustus begins

C. Rome defeats Carthage in the Punic Wars

D. King Ashoka begins rule of Mauryan Empire

26. Which of these is the BEST explanation for the start of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC)
A. Sparta feared Athens’ growing power

B. Sparta had assassinated Athens’ leader

C. Athens had assassinated Sparta’s leader

D. Sparta and Athens feared Rome’s growing power

Governments of Athens

All citizens of Athens take part in government


27. Which sequence below best describes the evolution of Athenian government 6.47

  1. Democracy, tyrant, Dictatorship, oligarchy

B Monarchy, Tyrant, democracy, oligarchy

C. Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, democracy

D. Oligarchy, democracy, monarch, dictatorship

28. If the class was going to order a pizza, which type of democracy would they use to make their selection? 6.4 A. Representative Democracy B. Oligarchy

C. Tyranny D. Direct Democracy

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