A. Workers in industrial America faced monotonous work, dangerous working conditions, and an uneven division of income between the wealthy and the working class.
B. Between 1865 and 1897, the United States experienced deflation, or a rise in the value of money. Relations between workers and employers were made more difficult by deflation. Deflation caused prices to fall and companies to cut wages. To the workers, it seemed their company wanted to pay them less for the same work.
C. Workers felt the only way to improve their working environment was to organize unions.