Chapter 9 Religion and Reform 1815-1855 Identify your test version!



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Chapter 9 - Religion and Reform 1815-1855

Identify your test version!

1. What is the letter next to ID in the top right hand corner of this page?



a.

A

b.

B

c.

C

d.

D


Matching

IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES

Match each name with his or her description below. You will not use all the names.

a.

Robert Owen

h.

Henry David Thoreau

b.

Dorothea Dix

i.

Lucretia Mott

c.

David Walker

j.

Frederick Douglass

d.

Sojourner Truth

k.

Catharine Beecher

e.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

l.

Lyman Beecher

f.

Harriet Tubman

m.

William Lloyd Garrison

g.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

n.

Harriet Beecher Stowe

2. transcendentalist who wrote about his two years of solitary life at Walden Pond

3. Boston teacher who promoted legislation to improve conditions in prisons and poorhouses

4. Cheltenham resident who helped organize the Seneca Falls Convention

5. teacher whose work, A Treatise on Domestic Economy, inspired women to build a strong American society

6. radical abolitionist who published The Liberator

7. African American abolitionist who spoke at a July 4th celebration in 1852

8. former slave and speaker at antislavery and women’s rights meetings

9. former slave who became a leader of the Underground Railroad

10. a popular revivalists of the Second Great Awakening.

11. Transcendentalist writer who launched an “American renaissance” in literature.

12. wrote the antislavery novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin

13. along with Lucretia Mott, she organized the first convention to discuss the question of women’s rights.

KEY TERMS

Match each of the following terms with its description below.

a.

transcendentalism

d.

abstinence

b.

temperance movement

e.

utopian community

c.

segregate

14. keep the races apart

15. movement inspired by philosophers and writers

16. to refrain from doing something

17. group in search of social and political perfection

18. movement opposing alcohol consumption



KEY TERMS

Match each of the following terms with its description below.

a.

abolitionist movement

c.

Underground Railroad

b.

emancipation

d.

gag rule

19. Southerners in Congress passed this.

20. Antislavery crusaders sought this for slaves.

21. Harriet Tubman used this to escape to freedom.

22. Members of this worked to end slavery.

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

IDENTIFYING MAIN IDEAS

23. Which of the following best describes the ideology of transcendentalists?



a.

Humans are naturally bad.

b.

Individuals should rely on outward rituals and group worship.

c.

People’s lives have been predetermined by God.

d.

Humans should be self-reliant and act on their beliefs.

24. Temperance societies worked to



a.

eliminate the consumption of alcohol.

c.

end slavery.

b.

reform education.

d.

promote women’s suffrage.

25. What happened to most utopian communities in the early 1800s?



a.

They were dissolved by the federal government.

b.

They became permanent models of American democracy.

c.

They fell prey to crime, poverty, and disease.

d.

They fell victim to laziness, selfishness, and infighting.

26. Abolitionists all agreed about



a.

the importance of women’s participation.

b.

the need to work within the political system.

c.

what tactics to use in their struggle.

d.

the need to end slavery.

27. What was the purpose of the gag rule?



a.

to prevent the reading of antislavery petitions in Congress

b.

to stop the activities of temperance supporters

c.

to discredit the women’s rights movement

d.

to expose the Underground Railroad

28. By working in reform movements, many women



a.

received higher-paying jobs.

b.

gained experience in seeking social and political change.

c.

became powerful politicians.

d.

won the right to vote by the mid-1800s.

29. Which group was most active in the reform movements of the 1830s and 1840s?



a.

settlers in the West

c.

white southerners

b.

business leaders

d.

northern women

30. Which reform movement caused the greatest tension between North and South?



a.

the drive for temperance

c.

women’s rights

b.

abolitionism

d.

discrimination against immigrants

31. Transcendentalists encouraged people to



a.

involve themselves in reforming society.

b.

reject all social legislation.

c.

become less self-reliant.

d.

look to formal religions for profound truths.

32. The aim of the temperance movement was to



a.

convert Catholic immigrants to Protestantism.

b.

help enslaved African Americans to buy their freedom.

c.

eliminate all consumption of alcohol.

d.

give women the right to vote.

33. The American Colonization Society favored returning enslaved African Americans to Africa because of a belief that



a.

African Americans desperately wanted to go there.

b.

American society would never allow African Americans equal treatment.

c.

leaders in Africa wanted enslaved Africans returned there.

d.

the United States should begin colonizing throughout the world.

34. Supporters of the abolitionist movement were divided over



a.

whether slavery should be ended in the United States.

b.

which enslaved African Americans should be freed.

c.

how great a role women should be allowed to take in the movement.

d.

whether they should urge people to take a pledge to practice abstinence.

35. The Seneca Falls Convention was important because it



a.

united various antislavery societies into a single movement.

b.

petitioned Congress for a constitutional amendment for emancipation.

c.

established a public school system throughout the North.

d.

was the first women’s rights convention in American history.

36. Most immigrants to the United States from 1820 to 1860 came from



a.

Asia.

b.

Africa.

c.

northern Europe.

d.

the Caribbean.

37. What message did Protestant revivalists preach in the early 1800s?



a.

God places individuals in predetermined and rigid social ranks.

b.

The power of individuals is equal to the power of God.

c.

People are capable of shaping their own destinies.

d.

Society should encourage selfishness and sectional hatred.

38. What was the impact of the temperance movement?



a.

Most states raised taxes on gambling.

b.

Most states passed laws banning the manufacture and sale of alcohol.

c.

Alcohol consumption dropped dramatically.

d.

The Maine state government took over the sale of alcohol.

39. What was the main goal of public education reformers?



a.

to provide job training for the young

b.

to train the young to be informed, responsible citizens

c.

to teach young people to read the Bible

d.

to make public schools coeducational

40. What did prison reformers hope to achieve?



a.

more humane conditions in prisons

c.

separate prisons for first-time offenders

b.

shorter prison terms

d.

better prison security

41. Why were utopian communities established?



a.

to manufacture appliances

b.

to provide decent housing for low-income people

c.

to create places for the mentally ill to live and work

d.

to create places that were free from greed and sin

42. The American Colonization Society was formed to promote



a.

the spread of slavery to new states.

b.

full participation of free blacks in American society.

c.

radical activity in the abolitionist movement.

d.

migration of free blacks to Liberia.

43. Radical abolitionists demanded immediate



a.

emancipation of slaves.

c.

colonization of Liberia.

b.

imprisonment of slaveholders.

d.

jobs for free blacks.

44. Some northern workers opposed the antislavery movement because



a.

Congress had imposed the gag rule.

b.

women were not allowed to speak at antislavery meetings.

c.

free blacks accepted lower wages than whites.

d.

the Constitution supported slavery.

45. In the early 1800s, most Americans thought that women should not



a.

speak at public meetings.

c.

teach children.

b.

be consumers.

d.

be denied suffrage.

46. Industrialization brought freedom from time-consuming chores mainly for



a.

lower-class men.

c.

lower-class women.

b.

middle-class men.

d.

middle-class women.

47. Catharine Beecher believed that women should spend their energy



a.

protesting against slavery.

c.

speaking out for equal rights.

b.

running for Congress.

d.

improving their families.

48. The World Anti-Slavery Convention in 1840



a.

was organized by Lucretia Mott.

c.

prohibited women from participating.

b.

encouraged women to participate.

d.

gave an award to Harriet Beecher Stowe.

49. The women’s movement compared the status of women with that of



a.

recent immigrants.

c.

enslaved African Americans.

b.

oppressed factory workers.

d.

Native Americans.

50. At the Seneca Falls Convention, Elizabeth Cady Stanton presented a



a.

statement of demands called a Declaration of Sentiments.

b.

passionate antislavery speech.

c.

reading from Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe.

d.

poem about the role of women as mothers and wives.

51. As a result of the early women’s movement, women began to



a.

own property and make wills.

c.

vote in local elections.

b.

join religious revivals.

d.

graduate from college.

52. When immigrants came to the United States, they settled mostly in



a.

the South and West

c.

the Southeast and Southwest

b.

the North and West

d.

the Northeast and Southeast

53. In the early 1800s, native-born Americans were mostly 1 and new immigrants were mostly 2



a.

1 = Catholic 2 = Jewish

c.

1 = Jewish 2 = Catholic

b.

1 = Protestant 2 = Catholic

d.

1 = Protestant 2 = Jewish

54. The Methodist and Baptist churches each had internal splits over the issue of



a.

women’s rights

c.

slavery

b.

manifest destiny

d.

immigration

55. By the mid-1800s, cultural differences between the North and South were



a.

narrowing

c.

widening

b.

staying about the same

d.

disappearing


Short Answer - 5 points for each question (yes, this means you should answer both)

CRITICAL THINKING

56. Testing Conclusions Catharine Beecher argued, “. . . educate a woman, and the interests of a whole family are secured.” Why did she believe it was important for women to be educated?

57. Recognizing Cause and Effect Why did many reform movements cause resentment in the South?

Chapter 9 - Religion and Reform 1815-1855

Answer Section

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

1. ANS: A, B, C, D



MATCHING

2. ANS: H REF: 312 NOT: 9.1.2—Discover who the transcendentalists were.

3. ANS: B REF: 315

NOT: 9.1.5—Read to find out how Dorothea Dix went about trying to improve conditions in prisons.

4. ANS: I REF: 316

NOT: 9.1.6—Understand why many reformers worked to establish utopian communities.

5. ANS: K REF: 318 NOT: 9.2.1—Learn how the antislavery movement arose and grew.

6. ANS: M REF: 320 NOT: 9.2.1—Learn how the antislavery movement arose and grew.

7. ANS: J REF: 321

NOT: 9.2.2—Find out about contributions made by Frederick Douglass to the antislavery movement.

8. ANS: D REF: 322 NOT: 9.2.3—See what caused divisions to arise among abolitionists.

9. ANS: F REF: 323 NOT: 9.2.4—Discover how the Underground Railroad operates.

10. ANS: L

11. ANS: E

12. ANS: N

13. ANS: G

14. ANS: C REF: 315

NOT: 9.1.4—See why Horace Mann and others worked to reform public education.

15. ANS: A REF: 311 NOT: 9.1.2—Discover who the transcendentalists were.

16. ANS: D REF: 313 NOT: 9.1.3—Find out why reformers launched a temperance movement.

17. ANS: E REF: 315

NOT: 9.1.6—Understand why many reformers worked to establish utopian communities.

18. ANS: B REF: 312 NOT: 9.1.3—Find out why reformers launched a temperance movement.

19. ANS: D REF: 325

NOT: 9.2.5—Understand how some Americans demonstrated resistance to abolitionism.

20. ANS: B REF: 319 NOT: 9.2.1—Learn how the antislavery movement arose and grew.

21. ANS: C REF: 322–323 NOT: 9.2.4—Discover how the Underground Railroad operates.

22. ANS: A REF: 318 NOT: 9.2.1—Learn how the antislavery movement arose and grew.



MULTIPLE CHOICE

23. ANS: D REF: 311 NOT: 9.1.2—Discover who the transcendentalists were.

24. ANS: A REF: 312 NOT: 9.1.3—Find out why reformers launched a temperance movement.

25. ANS: D REF: 316

NOT: 9.1.6—Understand why many reformers worked to establish utopian communities.

26. ANS: D REF: 318 NOT: 9.2.1—Learn how the antislavery movement arose and grew.

27. ANS: A REF: 325

NOT: 9.2.5—Understand how some Americans demonstrated resistance to abolitionism.

28. ANS: B REF: 327

NOT: 9.3.2—Learn about the public roles gradually adopted by some women.

29. ANS: D REF: 327

NOT: 9.3.2—Learn about the public roles gradually adopted by some women.

30. ANS: B REF: 335

NOT: 9.4.2—See why reform movements heightened tensions between the North and the South.

31. ANS: A REF: 311 NOT: 9.1.2—Discover who the transcendentalists were.

32. ANS: C REF: 312 NOT: 9.1.3—Find out why reformers launched a temperance movement.

33. ANS: B REF: 319 NOT: 9.2.1—Learn how the antislavery movement arose and grew.

34. ANS: C REF: 321 NOT: 9.2.3—See what caused divisions to arise among abolitionists.

35. ANS: D REF: 329 NOT: 9.3.3—Discover the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention.

36. ANS: C REF: 332

NOT: 9.4.1—Read about some causes of the huge rise in immigration to the United States in the 1830s and 1840s.

37. ANS: C REF: 310 NOT: 9.1.1—Learn the message preached by Protestant revivalists.

38. ANS: C REF: 313 NOT: 9.1.3—Find out why reformers launched a temperance movement.

39. ANS: B REF: 314

NOT: 9.1.4—See why Horace Mann and others worked to reform public education.

40. ANS: A REF: 315

NOT: 9.1.5—Read to find out how Dorothea Dix went about trying to improve conditions in prisons.

41. ANS: D REF: 315–316

NOT: 9.1.6—Understand why many reformers worked to establish utopian communities.

42. ANS: D REF: 319 NOT: 9.2.1—Learn how the antislavery movement arose and grew.

43. ANS: A REF: 320 NOT: 9.2.1—Learn how the antislavery movement arose and grew.

44. ANS: C REF: 324

NOT: 9.2.5—Understand how some Americans demonstrated resistance to abolitionism.

45. ANS: A REF: 326–327

NOT: 9.3.1—Find out what private roles women were expected to fulfill in the early 1800s.

46. ANS: D REF: 326

NOT: 9.3.1—Find out what private roles women were expected to fulfill in the early 1800s.

47. ANS: D REF: 326

NOT: 9.3.1—Find out what private roles women were expected to fulfill in the early 1800s.

48. ANS: C REF: 329

NOT: 9.3.2—Learn about the public roles gradually adopted by some women.

49. ANS: C REF: 328

NOT: 9.3.2—Learn about the public roles gradually adopted by some women.

50. ANS: A REF: 330 NOT: 9.3.3—Discover the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention.

51. ANS: D REF: 330 NOT: 9.3.3—Discover the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention.

52. ANS: B

53. ANS: B

54. ANS: C

55. ANS: C

ESSAY

56. ANS:

In Beecher’s view, women played very important roles in society. As wives, mothers, and teachers, they set an example for the entire family. A proper education could help women have a positive influence on society.

REF: 327 NOT: 9.3.1—Find out what private roles women were expected to fulfill in the early 1800s.

57. ANS:

Most white southerners enjoyed their traditional way of life. They resented northern reform groups telling them they had to change. They were particularly bitter toward abolitionists. Also, much of the South was not touched by the social turmoil that came with the growth of cities and industry of the North. Thus, southerners saw no reason to reform their society.



REF: 334–335 NOT: 9.4.2—See why reform movements heightened tensions between the North and the South.

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