Chapter 8 Republican Ascendancy: The Jeffersonian Vision

A. Westward the Course of Empire

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A. Westward the Course of Empire

The growth in the West typified the incredible population growth of the whole

nation. Areas that had been populated by Indians and fur traders became the

states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Ohio. The mix of people in the West led to

the creation of a new regional culture of a rootless, optimistic folk.
B. Native American Resistance

The Indians stood in the way of westward movement and suffered the

consequences. Defrauded and terrorized, some Indians resisted. Tecumseh, a

Shawnee chief, took up the tomahawk, but was decisively defeated. So, too,

were the Creeks. For Thomas Jefferson, and many others, Indian wars were

wars of extermination; there could be no coexistence between whites and Indians.

C. Commercial Life in the Cities

Agriculture and trade, carried on in traditional ways, remained the foundation of the economy. American shipping enjoyed a spurt of prosperity between 1793

and 1805, but suffered when England and France restricted America's rights as a neutral nation. Cities were closely associated with international trade, but still played a marginal role in the life of the rest of the nation. Industrialization and mechanization were just beginning to frighten skilled craftsmen.

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