Chapter 8 Republican Ascendancy: The Jeffersonian Vision

A. Hartford Convention: The Demise of the Federalists

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A. Hartford Convention: The Demise of the Federalists

The resentment felt by New Englanders over the Embargo grew during the

Madison administration. When the war seemed to be going badly for the United

States, a group of Federalists met in Hartford, Connecticut, in December 1814,

to recommend changes in the Constitution that would have lessened the power

of the South and the West. Unfortunately for the Federalists, they met on the

eve of the victory of New Orleans and the conclusion of peace. After these

events, the Convention's demands seemed irrelevant as well as disloyal. The

Federalist party never recovered from the Hartford Convention.
B. Treaty of Ghent Ends the War

After the American victory at Plattsburg, the English government decided to end the war without addressing any of the problems that had started it. Both sides were weary, and the Senate ratified the treaty unanimously. For Americans, the war succeeded splendidly. They had won a "second war of independence."


The Founding Fathers began to pass away around 1830. Jefferson and John Adams died on the same day, July 4, 1826, exactly fifty years after the Declaration of Independence had been adopted. The last of the Founders, James Madison, died in 1836, in despair that the principles of the Declaration had not yet been extended to African Americans.

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