In 1807, Congress prohibited American ships from leaving port. Jefferson
reasoned that France and England needed American goods so badly that they
would quickly agree to respect American rights. The Embargo, however, proved
to be unpopular at home. In order to enforce it, the government supervised
commerce in minute detail, and when smuggling became commonplace, Jefferson sent in the army. New Englanders especially resented the Embargo because it destroyed their economy. Worse, it did not hurt England. In 1809, the Embargo was repealed.