Chapter 8: Ancient Greece Summary Name: # hr chapter 8



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Chapter 8: Ancient Greece Summary
Name: #______ HR ______

Chapter 8 Vocabulary: Describe each Key Term in your own words. Then draw a picture or use clipart to create an illustration that represents the meaning or significance of each term. (25 POINTS)

Section1 Section 2 Section 3

*Polis *Athens assembly mythology

classical *democracy monarchy fables

*acropolis *aristocrats *dictator (p. 240) Homer

*peninsula (p. 229) *oligarchy *representative democracy (p. 241) Aesop

Agora (p. 232 *citizens *direct democracy (p. 240) Sappho

colony *tyrant

*Greece *Pericles



*jury (p.239)
Indicator 6-2.1 Describe the development of ancient Greek culture (the Hellenic period), including the concept of citizenship and the early forms of democracy in Athens.
Notes/Questions/Graphic Organizer for Section 1: Geography and the Early Greeks

  1. Geography Shapes Greek Civilization. Directions: Read pp. 228-230. Then answer the questions. (5 POINTS)

  1. Summarize the geography of Greece.*

  2. What is the mainland of Greece?*

  3. Why are there few flat areas for farmland?

  4. What happened as a result of communities being isolated from one another?*

  5. Why did Greeks turn to the seas and become expert shipbuilders?

  1. Greeks Create City-States. (5 POINTS)

  1. Read Life in a City-State, pp. 232-233, then draw an illustration of a city-state (*polis) in the space provided. Label the following: fortress, walls, acropolis, fields, farms, and streets.


*Agora

List 3 activities that took place here:

1.
2.
3.

*The city state gave their residents an _______ . Over time they thought of themselves as citizens of their city-state, not Greeks.



Notes/Graphic Organizer for Section 2: Government in Athens


  1. Aristocrats and Tyrants Rule

Objective-Standard 6-2.1: Summarize the concept of citizenship and the early forms of democratic government in Athens.

Directions: Read pp. 236-240 to complete the chart below.




*monarchy





Description (or definition):

Monarchies didn’t last because…





oligarchy





Description (or definition):

aristocrats




Draco

*

Solon

All free men became citizens.

Oligarchies didn’t last because…





Tyranny


(Pisistratus 600-527BC)

Description (or definition):

Tyrannies didn’t last because…



  1. Athens Creates Democracy



democracy


Description (or definition):

Cleisthenes




*Pericles




Legacies of Democracy:

*Assemblies met outside so everyone could attend.

*Juries were designed to have an odd number, so ___________________.

*People serving in public office and juries are paid.









  1. Ancient Democracy from Modern Democracy*

direct democracy (Athens)

both

*representative democracy (US)









Notes/Graphic Organizer for Section 3: Greek Mythology & Literature


  1. Each story or myth in Ancient Greece helped explain ______________________________________________________________(Pg. 243).

  2. Fill in the below table on Greek gods & heroes.(Pg. 243-248)

Name

God of… or Hero Famous for…

Picture

Zeus










Queen of the gods




Poseidon










God of the underworld




Demeter










Goddess of the hearth




Athena










God of the sun




Artemis










God of war




Aphrodite










God of metalworking




Dionysus










Messenger of the gods




Theseus (Pg. 245)







Jason (Pg. 245)







Hercules (Pg. 245)







Odysseus (Pg. 248)










  1. Who was the oracle at Delphi (Pg. 244)?


Chapter 9: The Greek World Summary

__ Vocabulary: Describe each Key Term in your own words. Then create an illustration that represents the meaning or significance of each term.

Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4

Cyrus the Great * Sparta Macedonia Parthenon

cavalry *Athens Phillip II Columns

Darius I alliance phalanx *Philosophy

Persian Wars *Peloponnesian War *Alexander the Great reason

Xerxes I *Hellenistic



Indicator 6-2.2 Analyze the role of Alexander the Great (Hellenistic period), Socrates, Plato, Archimedes, Aristotle, and others in the creation and spread of Greek governance, literature, philosophy, the arts, math, and science.
Notes/Questions/Graphic Organizer for Section 1: Greece and Persia

  1. Timeline

Directions: As you read pp. 260-265, complete the timeline below by writing the events by the date.

550 BC:
529 BC:
499 BC:
490 BC:
480 BC:
Notes/Questions/Graphic Organizer for Section 3: Alexander the Great

  1. Timeline

Directions: As you read pages 272-276, complete the timeline below by writing the events by the date.

359 BC:
336BC:
335BC:
334 BC:
332 BC:
327 BC:
323 BC:
How was Alexander’s empire divided?
Explain how Alexander the Great spread Hellenistic culture by giving three examples.



Notes/Questions/Graphic Organizer for Section 2: Sparta and Athens

I. Directions: As you read pages 266-271. Take notes. Development of Greek culture


Features

Athens

Sparta

*military







education







women







*government






geography


located on the Attica peninsula

located on the Peloponnesus peninsula


II. Read “Sparta and Athens Fight” pp. 270-271. Then complete the chart about the Peloponnesian War.

When did it begin?

Why did it begin?

Who participated?

Who won and why did they win?

*What was the result?

















Notes/Questions/Graphic Organizer for Section 4: Greek Achievements

Directions: Read pp. 277-282. Then complete the graphic organizer.

Greek Contributions

Arts


statues and paintings



*architecture




Literature



*Philosophy


Socrates



Plato



Aristotle


Science


*mathematics

(Euclid)


medicine and engineering

(Hippocrates)










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