Chapter 8- political Geography Learning Objectives
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- After studying this
chapter you should be able to
Identify examples of countries that make defining the numbers of states problematic and explain why they make it problematic (Korea, China, and Western Sahara are mentioned specifically).
Identify where and under what circumstances states came into existence. Describe the differences between Ancient and medieval states.
Identify the reasons that some states established colonies and be able to provide examples of the colonial holdings of various European and non-European states.
Explain how the nature of colonialism has changed in the contemporary world and locate examples of currently existing colonies.
Identify the five basic shapes of states, explain
what their properties are
, provide an example of each and explain why certain shapes of states might cause them problems.
Identify the different types of boundaries and provide specific examples of them.
Provide examples of different considerations used to draw political boundaries with states, explaining
the terms unitary state
, federal state, and gerrymandering.
Provide specific examples of how states cooperate
with each other in military
, political, and economic relations. Explain why they might be compelled to do so in each case.
Identify individuals and organizations that engage in terrorism. Explain the motivations behind their actions.
Identify states that provide official support for terrorism and explain their motivation for doing so.
- You should understand these terms
and be ready to identify them
Balance of power
Condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries.
Invisible line that marks the extent of a state’s territory.
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements
and to impose its political
, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
state with a long
, narrow shape.
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society.
A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
A state that completely surrounds another one.
An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs.
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials.
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