Chapter 7: Judaism
1. Judaism, along with Christianity and Islam, regards ___________ as the founder of its faith.
2. Central to Judaism is the reciprocal relationship between the Jewish people and God, known as a ____________. While this relationship was first established with Judaism’s spiritual father, the ___________covenant provides commandments by which to be a holy people.
3. The most important sacred literature in Judaism is known as the ___________. The first five books of this collection is known as the ___________.
4. Jewish people who live outside of Israel are known as part of the Jewish ____________, and most of the Jewish population fit within this category.
5. Jewish people refer to non-Jews as __________, or goyim. There is a strong tradition within Judaism that says that goyim will share in God’s blessings if they uphold the seven ______________.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The country of Israel gets its name from:
d. The focus shifted to the home and synagogue, therefore allowing for more active religious involvement by ordinary Jewish people
9. What was the main difference between Sephardim and Ashkenazi Jews?
a. A language difference
b. Sephardim interacted broadly with the wider culture, while Ashkenazi Jews were isolated
c. Sephardim were conservative in their approach to Judaism, while Ashkenazi were more progressive
d. There was a startling level of uniformity between the two, considering the large amount of geographic territory covered by both populations
10. Which of the following movements made the Diaspora and exile the heart of its teachings, and promoted tikkun (reparation of the world) for cosmic suffering?
a. Lurianic Kabbalah
c. Orthodox Judaism
d. Reform Judaism
11. How did the Jewish Enlightenment lead to modern versions of Judaism?