The second main section lists the many ____________________________ Americans held against the King of England. The grievances included cutting the colonists off from trading with other parts of the world and imposing taxes without consent or representation.
Resolution of Independence
The Declaration ends by announcing America’s status as a new ______________________________________.
The Early Years of the War
After the colonies declared independence from England in July 1776, a major war for freedom was _____________________________.
____________________________ predicted “We shall have a long and bloody war to go through.”
The King’s Advantages in War
The British had the world’s best ________________________. They had the strongest navy and a well-trained, experienced army.
The British hired 30,000 ________________________ mercenaries.
_________________________= individuals paid to fight for another country
Britain had a larger ____________________________ (Britain had 8 million people compared to 2.5 million in the United States.)
Not all Americans supported a war for independence.
These ________________________________________________ caused tensions among colonists.
Georgia and the Carolinas had the largest ________________________populations.
______________: Americans got to fight on their own soil. They knew the layout of the land.
__________________: They did not have to ship supplies thousands of miles away.
______________________: The Patriots had a cause worth fighting for.
______________________: The patriots had George Washington. Few could match Washington in courage, honesty and determination.
Disappointed about not being as famous as Washington and Ethan Allen
Begins to ______________________________________ to British
Plans to hand over West Point to British forces
Name becomes synonymous with _______________________________
Patriot Victories and British Retreat
In 1780 ___________________________________ took command of the Continental Army in the South.
Due to the brilliant battle tactics used by Nathaniel Greene and the guerilla warfare used by Francis Marion, Cornwallis and the British were forced to _____________________________from South Carolina.
Section 4: Key Terms and People
Section 4 Guided Reading Questions:
How were Cornwallis and his troops trapped at Yorktown?
How did the American Revolution affect France?
What military strategy defeated Cornwallis at Yorktown?
What were the provisions of the Treaty of Paris?
Read, “Why did the Americans Win?” page 194. What do you think was the most important reason for the American Victory?
In 1780 the Revolutionary War was at a critical point. Both the Patriots and the British needed a major military victory to win the war.
In July 1780, French warships arrived off the coast of Newport, Rhode Island. The ships carried more than 5,000 French soldiers under the command of French general Comte de ______________________________.
Victory at Yorktown
George Washington followed reports of the fighting in the South during 1780 and 1781.
He knew that the British commanded by Cornwallis were camped in ________________________, Virginia.
Washington decided to secretly head South, and along with the help of Marquis de Lafayette and the French navy, he would try to bring the war to an end by defeating Cornwallis.
Victory at Yorktown
Washington’s plan to attack Yorktown worked perfectly.
By the end of September 1781, 14,000 American and French troops had _________________ Cornwallis and 7,500 British and German troops at Yorktown.
On October 9th 1781, American and French forces began a tremendous bombardment.
Victory at Yorktown
One German soldier described the scene at Yorktown in his diary:
“One saw men lying nearly everywhere who were mortally wounded and whose heads, arms and legs had been shot off.”
British supplies began running low and many British soldiers were wounded or sick.
Cornwallis realized the situation was ___________________. On October 19th he ______________________. The Patriots had _________ the Battle of Yorktown.
With the help of the French, the Patriot victory at Yorktown became the last major battle of the Revolutionary War.
On September 3, 1783 the Treaty of ____________ was signed and ended the Revolutionary War.
The Treaty of Paris of 1783:
Ended the war gave Americans _______________________________.
Extended American territory from as far north as Canada and as far South as Florida. West to the Mississippi and East to the Atlantic Ocean.
The British promised to _________________________ troops from American territory.
Property taken from Loyalists would be returned to them.
On December 4th 1783 Washington said farewell to his soldiers.
Two weeks later, Washington _______________________as General of the Continental Army.
He returned to his home, _______________________ in time for Christmas. There he planned to live quietly with his family.