Chapter 5 Study Guide The New England Colonies

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Chapter 5 Study Guide

The New England Colonies

1. Metacomet was the leader of the Wampanoag Indians who called for an all-out war against the colonists in

New England.

2. EXPEL can mean to force someone to leave a place. Roger Williams was expelled.

3. Most people first settled in the Connecticut River valley to have fertile land to farm.

4. In 1630 John Winthrop led the Puritans from England to Massachusetts Bay.

5. Anne Hutchinson led followers to an island near Providence after being expelled from Massachusetts

Colony for sedition. (rebellion)

6. The main reason the Puritans started the Massachusetts Colony was to live according to their religious beliefs.

7. The major issue causing King Philip’s War: colonists and Indians disagreed about ownership of the land.

8. Roger Williams founded the settlement of Providence, which became part of the Rhode Island colony.

9. The main purpose of town meetings in the New England colonies was to take care of town government.

10. John Winthrop led the second group of Puritans to New England and was an early leader of

The Massachusetts Colony.

11. Thomas Hooker founded the settlement of Hartford, which became part of the Connecticut Colony.

12. The triangular trade routes connected: England, the English colonies and Africa.

13. The colonists elected their own leaders to public offices thereby showing they had representative governments.

14. Because the whalers had caught most of the whales close to shore they started going on longer whaling trips.

15. Remember how to read a line graph!


1) What were some responsibilities of colonial children in New England?

  • All Puritan children: learned to read the Bible and were expected to either go to school or take lessons from their parents at home (homeschooled)

  • Girls:

      • helped prepare food

      • made items such as clothing, quilts, soap, & candles for their families

  • Boys:

  • Helped hunt for food

  • Cut firewood

  • Make tools

  • Tend crops

2) In what ways were the Rhode Island and Massachusetts Colonies different?

    • Rhode Island allowed religious freedom but only Puritans could practice their religion in Massachusetts Colony.

    • Rhode Island was founded later than Massachusetts.

    • Rhode Island is located farther south than Massachusetts.

3) How did people in New England Colonies belong to a free-market economic system?

  • Colonists had freedom to CHOOSE the goods/services they bought/produced.

  • Colonists were free to compete in business and to set their own prices.

4) How did the early slave trade affect both Africans and English colonists?

  • People from Africa were taken away on ships to be sold as enslaved workers in the English colonies

  • They suffered terribly leading to some Colonists trying to end slavery.

  • Many Africans died during the Middle Passage

5) How did the Puritans try to make their settlements in the Massachusetts Colony a “city upon a hill”?

  • Puritans worked to make their settlements examples of Christian living.

  • Puritans kept strict control over life in the colony & punished those who voiced a different opinion

  • Attended long church services

  • They worked hard

  • Religion ruled their life in how they lived, worked and spent free time

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