Lesson 2 – Mesopotamian Empires The First Empires
Who was Sargon?
Empire: a large territory or group of many territories governed by one ruler
Sargon: ruled the people of Akkad, known as Akkadians
United the conquered territory with Akkad and became known as the king of Sumer and Akkad
He formed the world’s first empire
His Mesopotamian empire lasted for more than 200 years before being invaded.
Who was Hammurabi? And Hammurabi’s code
Hammurabi: a Babylonian king who ruled over a people called the Amorites
He created the Babylonian empire
Babylon was the grandest of his cities
Thought to be a just (fair) ruler
He is best known for creating a set of laws for his empire known as the “Code of Hammurabi”
“Code of Hammurabi” – stricter than old Sumerian law and become known as “eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth” which meant the punishment should fit the crime.
The code also protected the less powerful.